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American Occupation in Japan - Essay Example

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Name: Instructor: Task: Date: American Occupation in Japan The American occupation in Japan from 1945 until 1952 proved to be a historical success (Tsutsui 265). It is worth denoting that the Americans immensely rationalized the Japanese government, and gave Japan the foundation after the Second World War demise…
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American Occupation in Japan
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Download file to see previous pages On a realistic echelon, the prime intention of this occupation was to defuse the military, restructure the educational scheme, grant power to the local level, and offer suffrage to women. To commence with, the tremendous success of this occupation was primarily the constitution (Tsutsui 268). The writing of the Japanese constitution occurred during this occupation and presently, it remains wholly unchanged. It is imperative to state that this served as the initial step of the occupation in democratizing Japan. The greatest predicament in the Meiji constitution (Tsutsui 270) was that it did not comprise a system of balance and checks since every component of the government would perform prior to the emperor’s name. Therefore, the constitution had to delineate the roles of the government with apparent responsibility lines. There was the creation of the House of chancellors, the House of Representatives, the cabinet, and judiciary with conventional purposes and responsibilities. The emperor reduced to a rank of common citizenship and the Japanese could no longer be submissive to him (Tsutsui 272). It is worth denoting that this was another mode of democratization. Moreover, this occupation attempted to reorganize the authority relationships in Japan. The Americans strived to break up bureaucracy, develop a sturdy labor movement and union, and finally reallocate resources throughout the economy (Tsutsui 275). Another goal of this occupation was social liberalization. The Americans strived to inculcate the human rights values into Japanese politics and societal ideas. It is imperative to state that the Japanese citizens had a fuzzy idea of human rights, but the Americans strived to delineate them in terms of liberty to dialogue and political freedom. It is worth denoting that this occupation founded a democratic model for Japan and laid the basis for many institutions. It was a successful operation as it ensured an indefinite excellent relationship between Japan and America (Tsutsui 278). However, this occupation had some limitations. Some points arise particularly from the American relationship with Japan. Despite the persistent application of mutual pressure by America on the policymakers of Japan, it is debatable on the extent of achievements. Concerning the wide adoption of American norms and practices, the record proves to be ambiguous as the market-oriented reform has been partial and inadvertent. Sino-American relation This relation mainly involved the Sino-American crises, mainly related to military affairs. They include the prime crisis that precipitated the involvement of the two nations in the Korean War, and the Taiwan crises in the 1950s (Swaine & Zhang, 133). A principal distinctive feature, of these crises is that they happened at a time when there was antagonism in the Sino-American relations. The nonexistence of any prime crisis during this lengthy interval clearly outlines that both Beijing and Washington saw a similar threat and did not view each other as latent adversaries. Moreover, they could reach a prompt understanding in order to prevent the emergence of another crisis, but these two sides hardy took management measures (Swaine & Zhang 133). The consistent invoked enemy image is another feature of the Sino-American crisis. Both sides shaped each other’s image before the Korean War in 1950 (Swaine & Zhang 134). The leaders in both countries immensely shared this ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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