The Greeks of ancient times were warrior tribes who had a common language but fought incessantly with each other struggling for the possession of the most fertile lands.By the beginning of 5th century B.C. there were about four and a half million men in Greece…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Extract of sample "A Comparison of Athens and Sparta"
Download file to see previous pages
It was at this time that Athens emerged as the most powerful of the city states. The city emerged as the cultural capital of the entire Greek world and it was the cradle of contemporary western science and philosophy. The Athenian empire reached its zenith during Pericles’s life time. The city was full of splendor and Athenians themselves believed it to be the ‘City of God’. On the other hand, Sparta represented to a totally different world. It had its own philosophy about administration, military, education and marriage. It also differed from Athens on ideas about the nature of relationship with other Greek empires. Although Sparta was a strong military state, it was content to remain in its territory and didn’t indulge in warfare for acquisitions of new territories. On the other hand, Athens had expansionist policies. It wanted to get hold of more and more Greek territories. This expansionist policy of Athens, proposed by Pericles, led to war between the two states which ended with the defeat of Athens. Athens suffered defeat at the hands of Sparta. Although Athenians were world renowned for their superior naval units, they succumbed to the Spartan military expertise. The reason for Spartan victory can be attributed to the upbringing and training of the Spartan soldiers. This demands an in-depth investigation into the similarities and dissimilarities of the two states. The Spartans differed from Athenians in many ways. The main points around which the commonalties or differences between the two states can be discussed are Economy, Art, Lifestyle, Women, Military and Sexuality. The economic or financial policies of a nation or state depend on the nature of politics prevalent in the country. Athens and Sparta were similar on this feature because both the state’s governments were elected by people. While the Athenian government pioneered the democratic system, Sparta was a military aristocracy (McNesse, 31). In Athens, participation came from all walks of life. Although there were restrictions on women, men were free to discuss new ideas in the assembly. On the other hand, Sparta had much more inflexible political framework. Its own ideologies and policies made Sparta politically and economically less active. Out of the two, Athens was more economically active. It was at the centre of a great trading network that dealt with goods from as far the Britain in the west to India in the east, bringing untold wealth into the city. This trade and Athens’s expansionist ambitions led to the building of Athenian naval empire which stretched across the Aegean Sea. Agriculture was the mainstay of Athenian economy. It also prospered because of the profits brought by mining and metal crafts. As said earlier, trade also played an important part in Athens’ economy. This is a feature where there lie stark differences between the two empires. In Sparta, economic activities were carried outside the city while there was no such thing with Athens. Sparta also lacked a currency system, a system which was very well developed in Athens. This meant that Sparta not only had very less interaction with the outside world, it also lay dormant as far as trade was concerned. Art is a dimension where the two empires Athens and Sparta differed a lot. During the period of coexistence of Sparta and Athens, Athens produced some of the greatest sculptors and philosophers of all time. Socrates, Phidias and Plato were philosophers who still represent the immortal soul of Greek and art and Philosophy. On the other hand, Sparta was only concerned with its military glory. Although early Sparta produces marvelous pottery, it was no match to Athenian art and mathematics.
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The two cities were very important to both the ancient world and to the lives of the people who lived within them. Ancient Corinth was basically a city or polis in the ancient Greece. The city was located almost in the middle of Athens and Sparta. The city meant a lot when it comes to the Christian religion.
Law enforcement challenges have exacerbated further in the post 9/11 scenario given that challenges could emerge from internal and external threats alike. There is dire need to monitor the kinds of technology being used for law enforcement so that its relevance to contemporary challenges can be kept in sight.
There were in existence two major forms of governance in the ancient Greece in form of democracy practiced in Athens and Oligarchy in Sparta. Military capabilities became the main focus at the time for the Spartans while on the other hand the Athenians concentrated more on gaining comfort and cultural practices (Thucydides 202-209).
The researcher says that the book tries to explore the myth or theory of the human intellectual superiority that extends back to the ancient times of the Greek history. The content of this theory was based on the pillars of racism as shown in the theory of Aryan origins. They were considered as the northern predominantly most civilized people.
The Greek cities exported fabrics, metals, wine and olive oil. Athens mainly traded in marbles, silver coins and a high proportion of silver (Amemiya, 2007). These coins served as a means of exchange and also a source of metal for Athenians. The main trade participants were the emporoi and Athen’s Piraeus port collected duty that was pegged at 1 percent or 2 percent of the value of trade.
Also see sample Turabian essay under Course Materials. http://www.press.uchicago.edu/books/turabian/turabian_citationguide.html http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/instruct/guides/chicago-turabianstyle.pdf Please make these adjustments for your final paper. Leonidas of Sparta Ancient Greece was divided into several city-states.
Sparta triumphed in putting off vicious overthrow in Lakonia for hundreds of years, whereas the Athenian charter in the ancient period was subject only temporarily to disruption, by the oligarchic administrations of 411-410 as well as 404-403 (Grote 2001). Both city-states were
A Spartan’s education life began at the age of 6 or 7 by attending military garrison or a military camp.
The Spartan city state had its origin in the Bronze age which the famous poet Homer depicted in his epic narratives, the “Iliad”. Experiences
As it turned out, it was no longer the Persians that threatens Greece but rather Sparta which defeated her and Macedonia which conquered her. War eventually took its toll on Greece in the end when the Peloponnesian War erupted that defeated Greece and ending her Golden Age.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"A Comparison of Athens and Sparta"
with a personal 20% discount.