Hospitals and Medicine in the American Civil War 1861-1865 Introduction During the period of Civil War, medical technology was limited. As a result, doctors made no attempt of maintaining sterility. Most physicians of this time did not attend any medical school; instead, the doctors trained as apprentices…
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Many women volunteered to become nurses during the civil war, which was an indication of their strength to care for the men who were out fighting. In the military hospitals, the duties of the nurses were usually domestic. They prepared and served meals, making sure that they accommodated every patient’s diet. The doctors were the determinants whether a patient was to receive a low, half or full diet. Nurses had to maintain track of every patient’s meal. In addition, nurses were supposed to supply linens and clothing to the soldiers. The nurses participated in surgeries by providing emotional support to the soldiers during the surgery process. They participated in talking, writing and reading for the soldiers in order to give them emotional support. In most hospitals, the nurses were sisters, who came from different religious orders. Civil war nurses used to wear dark colors, usually black or brown color, which was a requirement by the government. The dresses were designed to serve the function and were not meant for fashion. During the civil war, the hospitals were under staffed. Physicians had a variety of medications at their reach to treat injured and sick soldiers. Some of the medications that they used are used even today. Many medications were effective but crude; others had a placebo effect only. Anesthetics were commonly used during the civil war and mostly in amputations. ...
The hospitals did not have well trained doctors since during that period; there were no medical schools to train the doctors. The few doctors who had acquired medical knowledge were not adequately trained to perform most of the required performance for treatment. In the hospitals, there were no antibiotics because, at the time, medical technology had not developed. Doctors relied mostly on herbal medicine in prescribing treatments. The doctors did not sterilize or clean wounds during medication. The hospitals were mainly not housed, and most of the treatments and services were provided outside. The nurses, who worked with the doctors, were also untrained and were mainly sisters professing different religions. Most of the nurses worked under volunteer ship. Doctors treated patients on the ground without worrying about the dirty condition or the environment. Most people developed infections after surgery, and this condition was referred as surgical fever. Hospital systems, which provide hospital care to the patients, had not been developed. X-rays, blood typing and modern health tests and procedures did not exist. Before the civil war, there were no military hospitals. When the civil war broke, it was deemed necessary to have hospitals where soldiers and other patients received treatments. During the time, many buildings and institutions were converted in to hospitals. Some of the major hospitals during the time were Campbell Hospital, Armory Square Hospital, Harewood Hospital and Reynolds Barracks Hospital. These hospitals received many patients despite, the problems that they faced. Surgery was the commonest treatment for wounds, despite the low chance for survival. Before the civil war, the number of doctors who had ever performed
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The southern stress on States’ rights was fundamentally a hidden phrase for the defense of slavery. From the year 1840s, an expert slavery thought had developed up in the interior South, which suggested that slavery was an optimistic good and by the year 1860, this had turned into accepted throughout the whole South and instilled it with a tough sentiments that the slave countries enjoyed a distinctive culture.
Not only were they looked down upon as humans of lower status, but they were also subjected to humiliation by those from other cultural groups. They have further been forced to work as slaves. Deprived of all nights, they were not treated as humans and they have lived toiling for years together without grudge or any chances of expressing their grievances.
During the period, the operation has achieved mixed results, but the increasing incidents of drug use and supply has drastically undermined the credibility of the campaign.On the positive side, the war on drug campaign has increased awareness concerning the adverse effects of narcotics use in the society. However, the punitive enforcement approach used to control drug use and supply particularly in the United States and other countries has resulted to severe and adverse consequences, which have drastically undermined the success of the war on drugs.
The author of the paper states that the American civil war remains to be the deadliest and the most destructive of all America’s war, it is considered to be the first modern war on the continent and perhaps the globe and the only conflict in the United States history that was fought on the nation’s soil.
The so called war between states is a description of a war affair between the northern states in America and those in the south. The American civil war was wedged for close to four years with American and African Americans and even slaves alike. The onset of the war was in the 1860's and went through into 1865.
olitical and socio-economic implications of the war, it’s important to get a clear understanding of what the war was all about, the factions involved and what brought it to an end.
In 1845, the state of Texas had joined the union of states, a move that they worked so hard to
James Fearon (2007), defines a civil war as "a violent conflict within a country fought by organized groups that aim to take power at the center or in a region, or to change government policies". Since it is a protracted internal violence and as compared to interstate wars it may last for decades (Fearon and Laitin 2003; Fearon 2004), therefore it can be differentiated from revolution or coup d'etat.
Civil war veterans recount their experiences during the war and even though their tales vary significantly, they have desirable endings that is, the reunion of the family and the hope for a better tomorrow. Putting oneself in the soldiers’ shoes, a lot was going on incognito.
Many people hold the notion that the American civil war took place during the medical middle ages, this is not correct. Developments and improvement were made to hospitals including development of stretchers and ambulances. The discipline of pharmacology was established due to rising demand in medicines during wartime.
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