Plato's Republic and his Theories about Philosopher-Rulers In many states both in the past and now power has been a core issue. Proper use of power results in political and socio-economic development and stability. However, abuses of power results in political and social instability and stagnation or deterioration of the economy of a nation…
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In this book, Plato claims that the best way to avoid abuses of power, and thereby avoid some of the worst problems of political life, is to concentrate power in the hands of the wise - philosopher-rulers. There are several reasons that make Plato think that concentrating power in the hands of philosopher-rulers will eliminate abuse of power. In this book, Plato ignores the power of justice and makes philosophy the subject of inquiry. He thinks that the power of a state should be concentrated on philosopher-rulers because of the nature of philosophers. He mentions the gifts of a true philosopher as courage, good memory and quickness. Such people have natural reasonableness or inherent goodness which other people can use to get good things even as they grow old (IDPH 354). According to Plato, the minds of philosophers always love the type of knowledge that reveals to them the external nature that does not differ from corruption and generation (IDPH344). This means philosopher-rulers are in a position to make a quick detection of corrupt deals and corrupt individuals. Plato further explains that philosophers are lovers of all true being and therefore truthfulness is part of them. They are not willing to renounce others whether they are great or small, more honorable or less honorable. This means that philosopher-rulers stand for the truth in everything. This includes those issues that benefit them personally and those that may not benefit them directly or at all. This also includes truth in the smallest matters which many rulers tend to cover up. Even though such actions may not affect the citizens directly, the truth remains that it is abuse of power. They are therefore more likely to demand for openness and transparency in all actions that affect the larger population just to ensure that the highest levels of truth are maintained. Plato explains that because of their truthfulness, philosopher-rulers detest falsehood and will never receive in their mind falsehood intentionally. He goes further to describe truthfulness as the object of affection of philosophers. This is seen where he argues that truthfulness must be affirmed by philosophers. He says of them, “must be affirmed: for he whose nature is amorous of anything cannot help loving all that belongs or is akin to the object of his affections” (IDPH 344). To make it more convincing, Plato argues that there is nothing that is akin to wisdom as truth. His fellow philosopher Glaucon confirms the same as he states that someone cannot be a lover of wisdom and at the same time, a lover of falsehood. This is to say, wise people are lovers of truth and therefore, they are never lovers of falsehood. These are evident in philosopher-rulers. They would be the best watchdogs, condemners and stoppers of actions that that find their roots in falsehood like corruption and related actions like stealing. Plato ascribes the quality of being ambitious and loving ambitions to philosophers. Having rulers who love ambition can mean nothing better than elimination of every action and person who kills fruits of ambition in the national. Generally, philosopher-rulers have zero tolerance to self-centered leaders who are after heaping part of the national resources for themselves. according to Plato, philosophers are lovers of learning. Plato explains that a true lover of learning must desire the truth right from their earliest youth (IDPH
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Aristocracy is the chosen ideal form of government by Plato. According to him, it should be ruled by the best, the most wise, intelligent, non-corrupt individuals in the city. This elite group has the ability to have complete control of the state. Plato stratified his society for an ideal state into three classes: Guardians, Auxiliaries and Producers.
Plato viewed that some had a better capacity for reason than others, and thus, the more rational individuals ought to be at the top of the social hierarchy because they were 'best suited' for it. By contrast, Rawls viewed inequality not as a biologically determined variable, but as one that was the product of unequal distribution.
Plato emphasizes the need to value and uphold the rule of law. It is also significant to note that Plato tries to explicate the primary belief of political and societal justice and the importance of individual justice in a society. Plato made it clear that he disliked democratic system of government of Greece.
among these other noble characteristics, it is no surprise how much importance Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and others ascribed to justice in the formation of a complete system of morality and an Ideal State. Plato, in fact, identifies justice not simply as something related to
The three philosophers have one thing in common aside from being accomplished geniuses, which is the fact that they have lived their philosophies, gaining faithful disciples not only because of their philosophical abilities, but also because they believed and stood firm on their principles.
We look to the path as a way by which we make decisions in the resent and we rely on the teachings of our forefathers to help build a better world for us all.
Many analysts and political scientists have argued in the past that Plato and Aristotle and Machiavelli have divergent political views.
With his book Plato also explains how to draw an analogy of the operation that a society is as a whole society and the life of an individual in that very same society. Book IV Plato explains through Socrates the guardians the ruling class as we know them. From that perspective and this angle this essay is going to discuss this theory
e was unable to give a clear definition of what justice is, yet he criticized all the suggestions given by other scholars, The Republic goes beyond this deadlock because Plato was capable of explaining the meaning of justice.
In the first draft, Socrates argues that justice can
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