The 20th century witnessed a plethora of strikes that contributed to significant shifts in attitude and policy changes regarding labor and unionization. One prominent strike that occurred during the early years of 20th century was the 1912 Lawrence Textile Strike. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
This strike took place in, “Lawrence, Massachusetts in 1912 and was led by the Industrial Workers of the World”.1 The strike has a variety of complex reasons for its establishment, but it’s broadly understood that it occurred as a response to the mill’s decision to lower wages after a law shortening the workweek was enacted. This essay examines a variety of issues surrounding the 1912 Lawrence Textile Strike and considers whether the strikers were justified in their actions. The city of Lawrence was founded in 1845 and quickly grew based on its productive textile industry. Even as the textile industry in the region greatly contributed to the region’s development, it’s clear it was also a highly problematic industry. With the turn of the century an influx of mechanization resulted in the gradual release of skilled laborers and an increasingly dangerous and demanding work environment. The large numbers of unskilled laborers, largely women, working in the textile industry gave the factory’s considerable leverage, further leading to arduous working conditions. Furthermore, “divisions between skilled and unskilled laborers were also strongly divided along ethnic lines, further contributing to growing tension in the region”.2 While there were instance of unionization through the United Textile Workers and the Industrial Workers of the World, it was generally recognized that unionization had not taken a strong hold in the area. With growing recognition of the poor working conditions in the region a new Massachusetts law was enacted that “reduced the number of house of work per week for women and children from 56 to 54”.3 Upon the implementation of the law, employers followed by reducing the weekly wages to match the change in hours. Workers at the Everett Cotton Mills discovered the reduction in pay and immediately left their looms, setting off the early stages of the strike. After this early stage, the Industrial Workers of the World became involved and further organized against the textile mills. Joseph Ettor took control of strike and put together a committee with representatives from each ethnic group working at the mill; the group’s demands were that the textile factories raise wages by “15% for the newly specified workweek, and provide double pay for overtime”.4 The strike resulted in a large-scale public conflict, with the city calling out a militia to confront the picketers. The militia turned a firehouse on the picketers and they responded by vandalizing many of the mills. These incidents resulted in a domino effect where the strike leaders were framed, the United Textile Workers (UTW) attempted to deter the deliberations, and children and mothers were clubbed for peaceful protest. This last act gathered national attention and resulted in a resolution being reached regarding the strike. Ultimately, “the textile companies, led by the American Woolen Company, capitulated to nearly all of the strikers’ demands”.5 These actions had a significant impact on labor as other factories in New England followed these policy changes worried about facing similar civil strife. In conclusion, there are a number of considerations that are made when one considers whether the strike was justified. While the strike was ultimately successful in that the workers had most of their demands met, it’s clear that there was considerable civil strife that resulted in these actions. While ostensibly it appears that such actions were not needed and the physical conflicts could have been avoided, one considers prominent civil rights leaders such as Malcolm X who indicated that oftentimes violence was necessary to enact significant public change. In this textile strike, civil change was not simply enacted in
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
tion The modernization and the act of industrialization of Japan began during the era starting after the 1868’s Meiji Restoration1. During the early stages of converting the nation into an industrialized one, the government and the policy makers took several measures and created several policies to cultivate the industry.
Nevertheless, scenes of brutality present opportunities for prison films to challenge the existing penal state since any opposition discourse is subject to an entanglement similar to a scene of violence and sexual assault. Secondly, presentation of prisoners as dehumanised and deserving of harsh treatment together with acceptance and normalization of death penalty reaffirm prison as a cornerstone for criminal justice sanctions; thus, prison films offer information to viewers.
This article is written by Alan G. Hefner and Virgilio Guimaraes who are renowned animist writers of both online articles and books. Alan G. Hefner and Virgilio Guimaraes have written many research papers, articles, and books about the other world religions; how they are unique, common themes and how they shape the lives of their followers.
The report will present the background of Lawrence textile strike, its key events, demands of the workers, how the management responded to the strike, role of the union, effects of the strike on the employment relationship, relation of social institutions and the strike. The discussion also seeks to answer the question: Does the strike enable a transformation of the roles of workers and management?
Any analysis of primary sources has to be done objectively, so even if we may be personally biased in favor of the working class, we need to look at the merits of each source and go about our work systematically.
Before proceeding with the analysis, some generalizations can be made about these three sources.
The majority consensus on Lawrence seems to be that he was a man much influenced and driven by his own experiences and of the relationships he had with family, friends, and environment. However, like all great writers who inspire debate, there is a minority who believe that critics have paid too little attention to Lawrence's own advice to 'trust not the author but the tale itself' (Murray)2.
been defined as “the right to be left alone, to be free from unwarranted publicity, and to live without undue interference by the public in matters with which the public is not necessarily concerned” (Grossman, 2008). Justice Kennedy, cited that the petitioners were “free
However, it has taken three years for this forecast to sound convincing. Textile manufacturers will have to rely on their strengths in the field of product innovation and services in order to survive. Technology as Catalyst explores the interconnected role of hi-tech equipment and handwork in the creation of textiles.
This essay will show the significance of the strike.
The strike acted as a consciousness opener to some trade unions and factory owners. A notable result of the strike was that the strikers achieved most of their demands. Their demand list had four
The author explains that the Prison Officers Strike began in 29 August 2007 and ended the same day. It was just a 24 – hour walkout, which, however, led to severe operational problems in prisons across Britain. About 20,000 prison officers and auxiliary staff supported the strike. Prison officers had to return immediately to work.
This paper attempts to sketch his biographical details, tracing the story of his life, from humble beginnings to the stalwart position he has attained today.
Lawrence Allison or Larry Allison, as he is known is one of the most successful CEOs.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"1912 Lawrence Textile Strike"
with a personal 20% discount.