Class Title The UN Secretary-General Report “Implementing the Responsibility to Protect” (2009) Introduction During the post-cold war period, most countries demanded sovereignty and protection from all forms of external aggression…
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Essentially, the sovereign country should have inbuilt mechanisms of fighting crimes, however, it may seek international assistance where the threat is significant and worries the state security. The implication is that, each state has to build a strong and reliable coordination with other countries, whose help becomes essential during war. Therefore, one can argue strongly that sovereignty should not bar the state from forging strong relationship with the other countries. In addition, inappropriate use of sovereignty would mean protecting the self-interest at the expense of the citizens. Therefore, this report is a critical evaluation and description of issues relating to sovereignty, as contained in The UN Secretary-General Report “Implementing the Responsibility to Protect” (2009). Key Catalysts Some of the key catalysts to sovereignty include the political will, need for international integration and ethnic co-existence. Fundamentally, the leadership will and peaceful co-existence ensures that the sovereign state remains peaceful and coherent. In addition, it would enable the state to build a proper relationship with other states, thereby, being in a position of getting international assistance during emergency. Furthermore, this would enhance international integration among different countries. ...
In the contemporary society, Jackson acknowledges that there are State powers that do not use their sovereignty for the good of the people (Jackson 21). For example, some developing states literally misuse sovereignty to achieve personal or ethnic gains, with disregards to the public. Indeed, the theory of balance of power explains the misuse of state sovereignty resulting from the differences in power factions within the country (Brown 9). The theory suggests that those differences cause civil unrest, when the leaders test their power and dominance. In the UN report, some states, especially with dictatorial regimes, inflict violence on the people with impunity due to the powers that the Head of State has on the subjects. Often, there are silent state machineries that such countries use to fulfill the mission, such as, illegitimately organized gang supported by the state security organs (Krasner 673). In such cases, the state does not use its sovereignty in protecting the people as the international law requires. Therefore, the United Nations may be forced to intervene and restore peace in the country. Notably, most countries, despite their fight for sovereignty, have failed to protect their citizens against war crimes. For example, the mass killings of the ordinary citizens in Rwanda, Cambodia, Srebrenica and Darfur show that, the states have failed in their protective responsibility, thus, their sovereignty is questionable. Sometimes, the crimes are committed when the Security Council and the UN peacekeepers are watching, as was the case in Rwanda and Srebrenica (UN report 4). As a preventative measure to the occurrence of such crimes, the UN should take the leading role in cautioning the states on negligence, not regarding the states’ sovereignty as a
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The family’s background is humble and practice mixed farming. They grow crops and rare animals, which enables them to upkeep themselves as parents and children. Her parents are married, and they live together. The father completed High School while the mother dropped out of High School due to fees problems as her family was not financially stable.
Searching the prison cell is part of the routine performed by the Jail Officers. Such a routine has been well defined in the Adelphi County Jail Policy and Procedures (Maryland Dept. of Corrections Section A [1 and 3]). Jack Jones was the inmate accused of murder while Joe Johnson should be charged for violating Maryland’s Controlled Dangerous Substances Act if found to be in possession of contraband cigarette.As of the time of the search, only cigarette papers were found.
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estimates indicate a total casualty figure at around 300 000 – and 2.5 million displaced persons (Collins, 2005: 159; Sikainga, 2009; Bellamy, 2005: 31; House of Commons International Development Committee, 2005: 3). The analysis is twofold – firstly, the root-causes of the
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