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Comparing and Contarasting the Governments of India and Ireland - Research Paper Example

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Take the Governments of Two Separate Countries, and Compare and Contrast Them 1. Type of Government India The Republic of India is a union of 28 states and seven union territories, also known as Bharat. The government is officially termed as the Union or Central government…
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Comparing and Contarasting the Governments of India and Ireland
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"Comparing and Contarasting the Governments of India and Ireland"

Download file to see previous pages Ireland Like India, Republic of Ireland is a sovereign democratic state with a parliamentary form of government. The Cabinet or Executive is known as the government of the Republic of Ireland exercising executive authority in terms of the Irish constitution. The republic is also a member of the European Union. The cabinet or government of the Ireland is seated in its capital city Dublin. 2. Internal structures There are three branches of the government in both India and Ireland, the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. India The constitution provides for a federal government structure with President as the head of the executive of the union. The legislative assembly is the parliament and is the supreme governing body. According to the constitution of India adopted on 26th November 1949, the union parliament consists of a lower and an upper house called the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States), respectively. The upper house is comprised of 250 elected members, whereas the lower house comprises a total of 550 elected members. The constitution also provides for a Council of Ministers with the prime minister as its head. The president is bound to exercise powers in accordance with the advice of the prime minister. Thus, the executive power is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by a prime minister. ...
The Council of ministers along with chief minister as its head is responsible to the state legislative assembly. The seven union territories are administered centrally. Judicial system in India functions independently. The judicial branch of Indian government has a unitary system. The structure of judiciary consists of Supreme Court of India at federal level, High courts of India at the level of the state, and district and session courts in all districts within a state. The Supreme Court comprises 30 associate judges headed by a Chief Justice. These associate judges are appointed by the president on advice of the chief justice of India. The superior courts in India have the power to review laws of state not in conformity with the constitution and invalidate them. The government employs civil servants who are responsible for the implementation of government decisions. Ireland The parliament of the Ireland is called the Oireachtas. Like the Indian parliament, Oireachtas is a bicameral parliament comprised of a lower and an upper house known as the Dail Eireann and Seanad Eireann, respectively. There are 60 members in the upper house and 166 in the lower house. According to the constitution of republic of Ireland, the cabinet must be larger than 7 and smaller than 15 members. Prime minister, called Taoiseach is head of the government who is nominated by the lower house and formally appointed by the president. There is also a deputy prime minister called Tanaiste appointed from members of the government by the prime minister. According to the constitution, only two members can be appointed from the upper house, and Taoiseach, Tanaiste and Minister for Finance must be appointed from the lower house. Other members of the government are called ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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