Running Head: Vietnam War Vietnam War Vietnam War Introduction This paper is an attempt to explore the links between the student unrest and Vietnam War and the cause and effect relationship between both of them. Furthermore, the focus would also be on exploring the political and social impact of the end of Vietnam War…
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The public became more and more concerned about their future and started questioning about the merits and demerits of prolonging the war. More importantly, the American government instituted a draft to send the young men and women to war, the very same war that was being questioned for American involvement. Statistics of 1960s and 1970s indicate that around 0.125 million young American migrated to Canada and 55000 service men went off the radar. There were exemptions for the students in college and therefore, everyone of the age tried to put themselves to college in an attempt to avoid the draft (Klimke, 2010). However, they knew that as soon as their education ends, they would be standing in the same line in which the 38000 civilians and soldiers were standing and had lost their lives (the total deaths caused by the conflict were over 58000 but by the time, the draft was signed, the death toll stood somewhere near 38000). Furthermore, the rising inflation, unemployment, mounting fiscal deficits and other economic problems also forced the youth so register their protests. On top of it, with the ongoing events in the political arena, Johnson’s policies, Nixon’s Watergate scandal, appointment of President Ford, complete pardon to Nixon by Ford and others created an environment of complete distrust of politicians by the public. The result of all these appeared in the form of mass protests by students and nationwide student unrest (Gilbert, 2001). Historians agree to the fact that it was the student protests, which ignited the mass protests of Americans throughout the United States. Activists, celebrities and musicians like “Abbie Hoffmann, Timothy Leary, Allen Ginsberg, Jane Fonda, Jefferson Airplane and other soon joined the cause and the students protesting on the streets of New York, Washington, San Francisco, Los Angeles and others” (Klimke, 2010). Without any doubts, the United States paid a huge price for engaging itself into the Vietnam War for over two decades. Despite his domestic policies of Great Society and other plans, President Johnson had to leave his post due to the immense pressure of the general public (Kissinger, 2003). President Nixon’s promise to the nation was the systematic withdrawal of troops from Vietnam; however, the same did not happen. In fact, during the Nixon era, both death and influx of soldiers and civilians remained high (Lawrence, 2010). The country lost more than 120 billion US dollars on the war during 1965-1973. This increased the fiscal deficit and diverted the attention of the federal government from many domestic plans and policies. Furthermore, the economic strains caused by the war played an important role in limiting the US government’s ability to cope up the economic recession of early 1970 caused by the oil crisis (Kissinger, 2003). The country also learned important lesson about the future military conflicts. They learned a lesson that they could not beat any enemy on their own land without any enough information about those enemies. Furthermore, Americans also learned the lesson that despite of them being a superpower, they cannot
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(The Vietnam War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“The Vietnam War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1432276-the-vietnam-war.
During this time, millions of people lost their lives, their loved ones, and their country’s freedom while others gained prodigious victory and became great worldwide superpowers.Among the most renowned of these clashes was The Vietnam War, a war that according to some historians, is among the most important war of the Twentieth Century.
However, the French too were waging a war against the local people, who wanted to be rid of the colonial yoke. Soon after the world war, the fighting for the colony by the French continued, but by the year 1954, after their defeat at Dien Bien Phu, they were forced to agree to the Geneva accords, whereby Vietnam was divided at the seventeenth parallel, and elections to reunify the country were to be held by 1956.
The rulers of South Vietnam who sought American help to oust the communists were immersed in corruption and anti-people governance. At the same time, a spirit of social equality motivated the North Vietnamese communist rulers.
When the next generation like Andrew Pham tries to search for their identity they realize the dilemma that surrounds them. The book tries to find the answers to the many questions that this generation faces. It is true that anybody who relocates from his birth place to a different place, even within the same country have this phase where they don’t know which place to associate with that will form their identity.
News During The Vietnam War
The Vietnam War dominated world headlines and most of the information was shown in televisions and radios. The war, which took ten years, was fully supported by Kennedy, who took office during the onset of the war.
It is stated that the Vietnam War has been documented as the longest in the American history. Although there was no formal declaration of the war, it is considered to have officially begun in 1961 when President John F. Kennedy sent military consultants to South Vietnam. This decision marked the start of twelve years of American armed struggle.
America’s involvement in the war was not related to right and wrong, but connected to their hatred of communism, and pledge to prevent its expansion1. Lasting for twenty-five years, the Vietnam War was a painful time for both sides of the conflict, and many of those that survived bear deep physical and emotional wounds2.
The Vietnam War was subsequent to the First Indochina War in which both warring sides elicited support from allies such as communists for the North and the US and other anti-communist countries for the South. The war entailed two key groups, i.e. the Viet Cong or the National Liberation Front (NLF), which was a communist-controlled group with light arms that focused on guerilla war tactics and anti-communist forces within the region.
The Vietnam War was one of those proxy wars fought by the United States of America in Vietnam against a communist regime that was supported by communist China and the USSR. It was also perhaps the most unpopular war in modern history, as protests were staged against it; American electorate called it an unjustified war and wanted its soldiers called back home.
These troops were subjected to a warfare that confronted guerilla tactics in the harsh conditions of jungle combat. Many of the troops were drafted and merely accepted the role as an alternative to prison or Canada. In addition, the Vietnam war was unique in its unpopularity and the attitude that society held towards the Vietnam veteran.
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