Reparation in World Politics: France and European Economic Diplomacy, 1916-1923 by Marc Trachtenberg is great source for any research on the topic of Reparations. Reparation is a complex philosophy. As per Trachtenberg, this was the route France and European nations took to get out of the economic crisis that might have hit them with its full severity…
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This decision has played an important role in the economic history of Europe. Marc Trachtenberg has a very specific view point on this topic which he has expressed in his book. This book provides detailed outline of reparations as set in the agreement and the occupation of the Ruhr. Writer presents complete picture of the discussions at the conference of each delegation and the in making reparations decisions the economics was keep in view than the politics. Trachtenberg also points out that the conquerors adopted those policies which would not compress Germany forever but to let Germany not only come out of these reparations and regain its status of an independent nation. The details pointed out by the author clearly depict his good grip on the topic and his understanding of the situation which existed after World War One. As per Trachtenberg, the view about this whole economic exercise in Germany was that most of the Germans accepted that Germany was defeated in this war. They accepted that German army was defeated. German army on the other hand tried to disagree to this statement as much as possible. They officially blamed the civil elements of the society like Jews and socialists to be responsible for this defeat. They did not agree that German army was defeated. According to Trachtenberg, the meaning of word reparation is compensation or remuneration. From the early times of human history, the country being affected by war could demand anything in reparation, the money, goods or land for to cover the damage of war imposed by other country. In modern time the birth of reparations have in the late nineteenth century in Netherlands where all the representative of nations rewrite the rules for war, just to limit the use of arms, to reduce the damage and to persuade the solutions of international disputes in a peaceful way. To some, it looks strange that although both sides suffered a lot during 4 years long war, and Germany was also almost destroyed, but as they lost the war, they were forced to pay this amount. The situation however showed that Germany was aggressive initially and this aggression led to large scale killing and loot thus basic responsibility remained with Germany and its supporters. The concept behind reparations is that there are certain war laws come up with conventions and agreements. In any war when the army of any nation violates these laws and make damage to health, body, property and rights of any nation, then they as compensation give reparation to the affected people. The author told in this book that Germany agreed to offer as payment and transfer of property in reparation in World War I under the Agreement of Versailles (1919) after its defeat during World War I. The 231 article of the Treaty affirmed Germany and its associates were responsible for damage and loss endured by the Allies (UK, USA, Japan, France and Italy) during the war, so Germany has to provide the reparations. The analytical research by the author shows the French policy towards the Germany during and after World War I. The writer advocated forcefully a new analysis that the French wanted economic partnership with Germany; but when irritated, commenced on the Ruhr occupation, without exactness of preparation or reason. The analysis done by the author is very authentic and gives a detailed overview
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