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Control development is such a scheme. Emphasis is given on answering the following question: ‘Why control development?’, meaning the reasons for the superiority of control development towards other concepts and mechanisms of similar role.
Through the review of the literature published in the particular field it has been proved that control development can significantly help towards the improvement of urban planning; however, it would be necessary for certain terms to be met. In the long term, the effectiveness of control development cannot be guaranteed, being influenced by the social and economic trends that are likely to change overtime. In any case, control development is the most credible process for securing the quality of urban planning and for this reason it should be preferred by urban planners when having to address various social, economic or spatial challenges.
2. Planning Theory Various approaches have been used in the literature for describing the role and the value of planning, as a theoretical concept with important implications on town planning worldwide. In accordance with Lichfield (1998) the theory of communicative planning best reflects the context of planning as the basis for the design of cities and communities worldwide. The above theory is based on realities, as the main element of planning; it is explained that these realities are depended on the life of people within a particular community and the needs of this community. It is implied that planning, as a theory, is a reflection of daily human needs – referring to people as members of a community. From a similar point of view, Sorensen (1999) notes that the first signs of town planning and control development can be identified in the academic movement based on the views of 19th century philanthropists; it is explained that the academic writers who based on these views emphasized on the need for ‘rational public control for urban development’ (Sorensen 1999, p.147). The above theory is characterized as socialist aiming to achieve the following targets: protection of the interests of the working class, of ensuring the expansion of public housing and ‘the increase of the power of citizens to participate in urban management’ (Sorensen 1999, p.147). The above theory was opposed by the revisionists, who emphasized on the value of privatization of public assets and the limitation of public housing – highlighting the importance of private capital for defining the terms of housing and the urban planning in modern cities (Sorensen 1999). This trend is reflected in Cities for Sale of Sandercock; in the above book reference is made to the power of the state to set the rules for urban planning and to prevent the private sector from highly intervening in the town planning process (Sorensen 1999). However, concerns are developed regarding the effects of the limitation of private funding in various public projects. The revisionist approach in town planning has been opposed by the idealism, a theoretical trend that has been partially based on socialist and revisionist theories for explaining the context and the value of town planning. In accordance with the idealism approach on town planning, ‘planning should be based on a ‘
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The industry provides services such as maintenance, repairs and rehabilitation of existing structures. The industry comprises of three main sectors, which include building construction, heavy and civil engineering and specialty trade contractors (Whaples, 2006).
This essay discusses that controlling crime in the community makes people feel safe and protected. In another view, Schneier explains crime control as a condition that comes about from the establishment and maintenance of protective procedures, which are a surety of a state of inviolability from intimidating acts or sways.
Tobacco consumption is the key source of unnecessary death worldwide and the main cause of avoidable death in developed countries. The menace is fast spreading to developing countries. At present, tobacco smoking is expected to kill over 10 million people per year by 2020.
Finally it would suggest some new strategies that could be implemented toward gun and gang crime control among the youth. Although studies are deeply at odds regarding the actual cause of the alarming growth of juvenile delinquency, all converge at the point that policy formulation along with effective law enforcement and other socio-psychological intervention is essentially required to address the issue.
In present-day context, the majority of business enterprises confront the challenges of using the vast amount of data. The business data not only comprises of simple databases but also include information regarding e-mails, customer calls, messages, and other files which are important for the organization.
Those who are in favor of gun ownership argue that the same can protect the civilians from aggression. On the other side, those who are in favor of gun control argue that gun control can reduce violence in the society. Still, modest restrictions on civilian gun ownership prove that the same cannot guarantee the lives of civilians in general.
He also ended his life in the shoot-out. This shooting was one of the deadliest shooting to ever happen in the history of America. As a result of this shooting, debate on gun control in America took shape, as a result, with a division on the gun laws in the United States.
The paper reviews literatures from scholars to explain this concept. There is a conclusion that gives possible solutions to media control. Introduction The oxford dictionary defines media as mass communication and sites examples as television, newspapers and radio (Oxford Dictionary 1136).
d States air force is credited for the development of numerical control.1They saw the need of developing methods of manufacturing that are more efficient for modern aircraft. With the coming of the Second World War those components that were used for fabricating jet aircraft