Free

History and Politican Science: The U.S Constitution - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
History and Political Science The U.S. Constitution Name The U.S. Constitution The U.S. Constitution that we rely on today has evolved out of a number of earlier events and documents going back ultimately to the original ideas of classical Greek democracy…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.7% of users find it useful
History and Politican Science: The U.S Constitution
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "History and Politican Science: The U.S Constitution"

History and Political Science The U.S. Constitution The U.S. Constitution The U.S. Constitution that we rely on today has evolved out of a number of earlier events and documents going back ultimately to the original ideas of classical Greek democracy. In these ancient times city states governed themselves in small senates and they debated and clarified basic principles of fair and proper rules and regulations for society. In medieval times many of these initial concepts and ideals were lost in a system of feudalism which gave power to kings and nobles with very little control on how that power was exercised. The document known as the Magna Carta changed all this when it originated in England in 1215. The country was an unhappy monarchy, and the barons of the land were dissatisfied with the unreasonable demands of King John for their resources and their services. For many years they were required to supply money, men and even on occasion their lives, in wars and crusades that the king initiated. This resulted in a group of barons taking matters into their own hands and rising up against the king. They wrote down a number of “articles” or basic demands which aimed to clarify and above all curtail the powers of the king. They demanded that their rights be set down in writing, and withdrew their allegiance to the king when he was not willing to sign. The king had no choice but to give in, and his royal seal finalized the deal on June 19 1225. (Howard, 1998, p. 8) The Magna Carta prescribed certain rights and privileges of people in different social stations, and guaranteed trials by a proper justice system,. It documented what was reasonable in terms of taxation and how towns, villages, churches, and even farmland and forests should be fairly administered. The negociation of this charter was a major achievement which set down a principle for others to follow. It was the first step towards self-determination by the people, and significantly curtailed the power of the king. The Mayflower Compact of 1620 was a similar kind of document but this time in the context of a group of persecuted Christians who left England to set up a new colony which would allow freedom of religion for all citizens. It is much shorter, but sets out nevertheless an intention to set up “a civic body politic” based on “just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions and offices…” (University of Arizona, 2005) The men who drew up this compact all signed it to pledge their willingness to submit to its terms. These two early documents set down the basic principle that no man is above the law, and that all must submit to society’s rules for the benefit of everyone. It also enshrines the principle of active citizenship and participation in government business. The Declaration of Independence of 1776 marks the moment when the United States finally separated from the rule of the English crown. It sets down the aspirations of a society which values equality rather than the hierarchies of nobility and royalty. Above all it lists a number of key values which mark the United States out from other countries, and provides the basis upon which all future laws depend. This document was followed up by the Articles of Confederation which defines the new entity of the “United States” in terms of a linked set of smaller units rather than one big central states. (Kammen, 1986) It contains the essence of a federal structure, and draws demarcation lines between the central body which decides matters like defence and foreign affairs, and day to day government which is the job of each separate state. This document sets up the “unity in diversity” approach that makes America the distinctive type of state that it is today. In these various stepping stones towards modern democracy there were many debates, and the role of the press in printing some of these debates was very useful in terms of making sure things were carefully worked out, and also in terms of publicizing the important ideas and events that were to result in the final American Constitution. A set of letters and arguments known as the “Federalist papers” were first printed in newspapers and then later collated together in book form. These were written by interested scholars and citizens and they debate some of the contentious points such as how to deal with the great geographical size of the American states’ territory, and the differences that emerge in different parts. They also list arguments in defence of a federalist structure, and helped to explain why some central control was necessary alongside the devolved state governments. These papers are particularly valuable to historians because they show the thought processes and assumptions that were present in the minds of politicians and bureaucrats in those days. Modern citizens can also trace back our present traditions from these early debates, and this makes it easier for people to understand contemporary systems are the way they are. Freedom of speech, for example, was built into the formation of the American Constitution through all these early stages, and this is why this right is very robustly guarded into the present day. References Howard, A.E.D. (Ed.)(1998) Magna Carta: text and commentary. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press. Kammen, M. (1986) The Origins of the American Constitution: A Documentary History. New York: Penguin. “The Mayflower Compact” (2005) University of Arizona Study Packet. Available online at: http://www.u.arizona.edu/~willard/370A/colonial.pdf Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“History and Politican Science: The U.S Constitution Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1426829-the-us-constitution
(History and Politican Science: The U.S Constitution Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1426829-the-us-constitution.
“History and Politican Science: The U.S Constitution Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1426829-the-us-constitution.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF History and Politican Science: The U.S Constitution

CLS v. Martinez, 561 U. S

...?A LEGAL BRIEF ON THE RECENT U.S. SUPREME COURT RULING IN CLS V. MARTINEZ, 561 U. S. On June 28, the United s Supreme Court gave a ruling on the CLS vs. Martinez, 561 US ___130 S.Ct. 2971, 177 L.Ed.2d 838 (2010). The case was filed by the Christian Legal Society (CLS) at the Hastings College of Law at University of California on the ground that official governing groups should accept all the students regardless of their beliefs and status to acquire recognition. The respondents were Leo Martinez, Acting Chancellor and Dean of Hastings College of Law, University of California; Jacqueline Ortega, Student Services Director; the Board of Directors of Hastings College of Law, University...
3 Pages(750 words)Coursework

The growth of the U. S. Military

...? The Growth of the U.S Military The Growth of the U.S Military The United s military has existed since 1775. During thefight for independence, the United States incepted the continental military in order to take responsibility of the revolutionary war of the time. In 1784, an official army came in to place to replace the continental army shortly after its disbandment. This gives the American army the longest existence in history. The first army won the war to independence although there was little professionalism. The American military has progressed from the unprofessional beginning to what it is today. In the 21st century, the American army has the largest defense budget in the world. The military...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Complexities of the U. s financial system

...? Complexities of the U. S financial system Complexities of the U. S financial system The US financial system is extremely complexand is affected by a number of environmental factors, which include the economy and federal regulations. The complexities inherent in the US financial system also impact different aspects of the economy, as well as the existence of businesses and individuals in the country (Pryor, 1996). This paper will examine the complexities of the US financial system, discussing different aspects of the system, for instance, financial markets and the Federal Reserve System. The US financial system consists of the financial markets, which impact individuals,...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

American history-us constitution

...: Timeline in US History 25-04-2008 < http://www.google.com/searchclient=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla%3Afr%3Aofficial&channel=s&hl=fr&q=timeline+in+US+history&lr=&btnG=Recherche+Google> Reference Michael Les Benedict: Expanding the Scope of American Constitutional History. Retrieved on the 24th of April 2008-04-25 http://www.h-net.org/law/teaching_legal_history/benedict.htm US constitution 1. Running Head: US Constitution US Constitution Your name Name of your institution Course title or Work Instructor's name if any 25.04.2008 US...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Inaugural addresses by U. S. Presidents

...Disarmament Disarmament is the process of laying down arms, specifically the reduction or abolition of a nation’s military forces or armaments. In his inaugural address, John F. Kennedy exhorted the adversary nations of America to turn to the ways of peace by focusing on disarmament. The president requests the adversaries “...that both sides begin anew the quest for peace, before the dark powers of destruction unleashed by science engulf all humanity in planned of self-destruction” (Kennedy, 1961). This is a motivational speech in which Kennedy reminds other nations the futility of hoarding modern destructive weapons. Kennedy was worried over the present status of affairs where nations are overburdened by the cost of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

U. S. Constitution

...US Constitution s right in American political system refers to the political rights reserved for the governments. Even though America asa whole has a federal government, each state in America has separate state governments. US constitution provides some specific rights to the state governments in law making even though all the state governments are operating under the federal government. The rights of the state government are protected by the tenth amendments (Part of bill of rights) in US constitution. According to The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution; “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The U>S Legal System

.... The sole disputation of the fact that the defendant makes is that the provided evidence is not sufficient enough to find him culpable. However, based on the material fact of stolen things and broken door, the jury found it beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the burglary and murder. Task 2: What constitutes a “fair trial”? Based on the democratic ideals, in a fair trial the rights of the defendants are honored throughout the trial. This implies that the trial is handled under the established law and due process, and the ruling is handed down by a neutral body. What is the due process of law? The due process is the right to a fair treatment and the defendant has a fighting chance when confronted with a...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Anthropological Perspective Regarding Development and Progress

2 Pages(500 words)Coursework

U S History

..., 2005). Work citied Greenberg, Brian, and Linda S. Watts. Social History of the United States. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, 2009. print. Hamilton, Neil A. The 1970s. New York: Facts On File, 2006. Internet resource. Horowitz, Daniel. Jimmy Carter and the Energy Crisis of the 1970s: The "crisis of Confidence" Speech of July 15, 1979 ; a Brief History with Documents. New York, NY [u.a.: Bedford/St. Martins, 2005. Print.... "Crisis of Confidence" in the United s The United s was a dominant world power in the 1970’s even though the countries self-perception was mired in doubt and malaise. The stagflation of the country’s economy, the experience and results of the Vietnam war, the lack...
2 Pages(500 words)Admission/Application Essay

History Of Britain's Constitution

...History Of Britain's ConstitutionConstitution In Britain, there is no constitution. The monarchy plays the role of a constitution. The biggest powers are held by the prime minister and the cabinet. The queen holds the power to choose the prime minister and has the final say on any laws being introduced. The prime minister heads ceremonial functions and the Commonwealth. Due to the absence of a constitution in Britain, the British people are subjects as opposed to being citizens. Ceremonial duties The prime minister, an appointee of the queen, and the cabinet have a lot of power. The Queen of England performs various ceremonial duties....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic History and Politican Science: The U.S Constitution for FREE!

Contact Us