One of the argued causes of the Civil War in the United States is slavery. Slavery is also important to the conduct of war, even though emancipation laws were not made until 1861. Technological warfare is as important as numbers then, and the North knows it needs more people to fight the Confederacy. The inclusion of slaves in the war, nevertheless, propelled the cause for emancipation. The end of Civil War did abolish slavery, but racial equality is not fully met, even decades later. This paper chronicles the process that developed in the South that chipped away the freedoms granted to blacks during Reconstruction. By the 1900s, different Jim Crow laws intensified racial inequality, to which African Americans responded with either peaceful or violent methods, as they struggle for the realization of their freedoms. During the Civil War, thousands of slaves left their plantations and headed for Union lines. The president stressed the end of slavery as one of the aims of the war, which led to the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1863 (Digital History). The Proclamation also approved the enlistment of black soldiers. By the conclusion of the Civil War, some 200,000 black soldiers had participated in the Union army and navy, and argued for their stake of citizenship in the postwar nation. Throughout the war, "rehearsals for Reconstruction" transpired in the Union-occupied South. In the South Carolina Sea Islands, the previous slaves claimed land of their own, while government officials
and Northern investors asked them to return to work on the plantations.