Course 16 May 2011 Feminism and Policy Making since 1965: The Equal Opportunities Issues This essay will deal with the influence of feminist ideas on the policy making since 1965, with the emphasis on the impact of feminism on the formation of modern equal opportunities systems…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Extract of sample "To what extent have feminist ideas influenced policy making since 1965 Critically discuss with reference to ONE of the followin"
Download file to see previous pages
While the first wave of feminism was primarily concerned with formal political rights, the second generation of feminist thinkers laid the emphasis on the issues of workplace and marital equality, as well as those of women’s representation in public agencies. This had an important impact on further policy making. National Organization of Women and the Struggle for Women’s Rights. While the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was founded in 1965 in order to combat the gender discriminatory practices in the sphere of employment, its activity was judged to be unsatisfactory by many activists of women’s movement. In 1966, liberal feminists led by Betty Friedan, a celebrated author of The Feminine Mystique, formed the National Organization for Women (NOW) that aimed at integrating women “into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, assuming all privileges and responsibilities...in truly equal partnership with men” (qtd. in Thornham 25). The foundation of NOW was caused by repeated refusal of the EEOC officials to seriously confront the prevalent discriminatory practices in the labour relations (Banks 212). ...
Constitution (Harrison 198). The activities of NOW mainly concentrated on creating publicity for the organisation, which was expressed through pickets and other public demonstrations, and on lobbying political establishment, including the Presidency. Nevertheless, their actions eventually proved rather fruitful for the further development of women’s movement and the adoption of equality legislation. The first influence of feminist movement on equal opportunities policies in the USA after 1965 may be traced in the controversy surrounding the inclusion of provision on sex discrimination in Executive Order 11246, which aimed at creating affirmative action programmes for racial minorities. As the 1964 Civil Rights Act had already provided for prevention of sexual discrimination in employment, the omission of sex discrimination clause in that Executive Order was regarded as an expression of neglect for the needs of women. Consequently, the efforts of several women’s organisations, including the National Federation of Business and Professional Women’s Clubs and Federal Women’s Award Study Group, led to the inclusion of the provision against sex discrimination in the text of Executive Order in October 1967, with the NOW leadership asserting that it was a victory for their ideas (Harrison 202). Later on, NOW repeatedly clashed with the EEOC apparatus with regard to protective labour legislation. In 1967 EEOC was forced to back away from its previous non-interventionist attitude on such issues as labour rights for female workers and age and marital status discrimination at the workplace, with air flight companies being the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Provision of healthcare services remains critical for citizens’ wellbeing. In light of this, healthcare in the US and Canada varies differently. Firstly, healthcare systems in the United States are privately
He knew the fact that in recent past during the war against Germany, the US had granted extensive concessions to the Soviet government on restoring international order. The Goals of Containment Containment aimed at reducing the influence of soviet Russia to a point where it could not become a threat to the world peace and stability of the nations.
Recalling the post-war period, one can discover that before the revolutionary feminist efforts on sexual violence and domestic abuse, these kinds of violence against women were belittled, taken for granted, and disregarded (Moyer, 2001, 295). Similarly, women in disagreement with the law were ignored or ruled out in mainstream literature while sexualized, masculinised, and maligned in marginalised works that clutched on their corruption (ibid, p.
These theories are also very much helpful in providing possible solutions to problems ranging from simple misunderstandings between two people of dissimilar goals and interests to the more complex international
These rights are universally applicable and ignore differences in the concepts of religion, sex, culture etc. Human right includes a collection of various principles and laws. The concept of human rights is based on the
There is mostly no limit to the number of transactions that can be made through a checking account. Also, there is often no minimum amount that maybe left in the account, thus it is the best type of account if it just needs to be saved and not invested. A checking account is nothing more than a box where you deposit your money.
The positive practices can be categorised as collaborative, effective and reflective. They are all interrelated and designed to compliment each other. This study observes the relationship between the professionals, parents and
Foot binding was the practice of breaking a young girl’s leg and deforming her and bind the leg. The age of the girl was between five and seven years. This took place when she was young yet old enough to have the knowledge of what was taking place. This practice
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"To what extent have feminist ideas influenced policy making since 1965 Critically discuss with reference to ONE of the followin"
with a personal 20% discount.