The “cold” part of the nomenclature is a reference to the fact that there was no direct warfare between the two primary sides (the US and allies and the various segments of the Soviet Union) during the time period specified (Gaddis, 2005)…
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The “cold” part of the nomenclature is a reference to the fact that there was no direct warfare between the two primary sides (the US and allies and the various segments of the Soviet Union) during the time period specified (Gaddis, 2005) The “war” part of the name comes from the conflicts expressed through arms races, sports rivalry, military coalitions, espionage and propaganda. The end date of The Cold War, 1991, refers to the end of the Soviet Union, rather than any particular end of this quasi-stalemate warfare (Maus, 2003). This paper will illustrate the crisis during The Cold War by exploring the viewpoints of the United States (and allies) and the Soviet Union, and discussing some key events and powerful figures of The Cold War. There was no clear start to the situation - tensions began between the USA and the Soviet Union long before 1947. The Bolshevik revolution in the early part of the 20th century ensured that the Soviet Union found itself isolated from international diplomacy, and this was compounded by the rule of Stalin, who considered the union as a ‘socialist island’ (Gaddis, 2005) The Bolsheviks completely opposed capitalism which the United States was seen as exemplifying – this distress was only compounded by the Western support of the White movement (an anti-Bolshevik movement). These tensions were exacerbated by several more actions on both sides, but a semi-permanent alliance was formed between Western powers and the Soviet Union during the Second World War. ...
The railway blockade was formed by the Soviets who believed that having complete economic control over the city by preventing any Allied forces delivering supplies to Berlin would result in Germany becoming part of the USSR. The crisis was solved with an airlift by British air forces (Miller, 2000). The Korean War occurred between 25th June 1950 and 27th July 1953, and was the first proxy war held as part of the Cold War. The Korean War was another example of a communist/capitalist conflict, with the two sides being North Korea (backed by China) and a UN-supported Republic of Korea. President Truman was an influential figure in the war, stating that the Republic of Korea required US help via a police action. The Berlin Crisis occurred within a few months in 1961, and refers to another conflict about the status of Germany within Europe. Both Allied and Soviet forces were still present in the city, and in 1958 Khrushchev (the leader of the USSR at the time) gave an order that Berlin was to be a city free of military occupation and required that all Allied forces remove themselves from the city within a few months. When this did not occur, several events led to the building of the Berlin Wall, splitting Berlin between a Soviet controlled East Germany and a Western controlled West Germany. The Vietnam War, another proxy war, took place between 1955 and 1975 and again was a conflict between a North and South controlled by two separate political ideologies, communism and capitalism. President Kennedy was a major player particularly during the initial part of the Vietnam War, having several disagreements with Khrushchev about the country. Like Germany, Vietnam was a country split into halves by separate political ideologies (Murray, 2005). One of the later
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Particularly, it tries to assess both identity and security based on the foreign policies implemented during the period using Campbell’s reading and other literature for supporting evidences of claims. The policy of hegemony entails a presentation of the United States’ clamor and sustenance to its glory as the world’s sole superpower.
Even though the Second World War ended in 1945, another undeclared cold war started immediately between America and Soviet Union for capturing supremacy in global political and economical matters. The different political ideologies prevailed in these superpowers (America is under democratic administration whereas Soviet Union was under communist administration) strengthened the cold war immensely.
After the World War II the Soviet Union turned out to be a super power which was becoming a threat for the United States and for this reason many blame the United States to be the main cause of Russian collapse. It was the issue of superiority and balance of power between the nations that led to a war which was known as ‘The Cold War’.
Germany was a weak state after the end of World War Two, while France and Britain were devastated. There was a struggle between democratic principles and communism. As a result, there was the development of the iron curtain policy that led to the rise of West Germany in 1949 under the alliance of French, Britain, and America.
Happening within such a short time after the second world war, this was the first major clash between the allies and the axis power and foreshadowed a the existence of an even bigger clash between these two powers
The intensive ideological differences between the United States and the USSR were problematic. In the year, 1945, the first atomic bomb was created in the United States. The objective of creating this weapon of mass
ernment of Viktor Yanukovych collapsed overnight on 22nd February, 2014 and it was replaced by the Ukrainian Pro-EU nationalist government (Nelson, 2014). It led to the Russian military intervention in the Crimean Peninsula and the annexation of Crimea. Furthermore, the
The strategic location of Ukraine between Russia and Europe makes it the center of attraction and has also been a center of other conflicts throughout history. One serious problem facing Ukraine is identity crisis especially after a long struggle for independence from domination by Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Polish and Russia, and occupation by Germany.
The end of the Cold War resulted in the world structure to shift from multipolar and bipolar to unipolar which also caused in statbilities in Third World Nations through withdrawal and disengagement of superpowers, ethnic issues and
Nevertheless, different accounts by scholars of the world ascertain the period of Cold War to be between the year 1947 and 1991. This period has been referred to as ‘cold war’ by the different scholars of the
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