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What cultural, political and economic forces encouraged the nations of Europe to create overseas empires in the late 19th century - Essay Example

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During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the European civilization experienced a marvelous imperial expansion and, there have been plenty of efforts made by the European navigators to cross the sea to different other regions of the world for various reasons. …
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What cultural, political and economic forces encouraged the nations of Europe to create overseas empires in the late 19th century
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"What cultural, political and economic forces encouraged the nations of Europe to create overseas empires in the late 19th century"

Download file to see previous pages During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the European civilization experienced a marvelous imperial expansion and, there have been plenty of efforts made by the European navigators to cross the sea to different other regions of the world for various reasons. European powers like England, France, Portugal, and Spain supported the search for new colonies and their objectives were economic exploitation, the spread of Christianity and the strengthening of their empires and England succeeded in establishing its power over the colonies even from the beginning of the nineteenth century. Europeans were focusing on the shores of Africa, Asia and Latin America and various social, political and cultural factors have motivated them in this widening of imperialism. Cultural factors: The desire to preserve the cultural values, identity and improvement of the society as a whole was an important driving force behind colonization. For instance, it was the British who introduced secondary education system in India which helped Indians to advance to the frontline of administration. These statements explain the impact of imperialism in carrying out modifications in the social and cultural set up of European colonies (Baker 184). The role of missionaries in the process of colonization is another important factor to be discussed. Their mission was to popularize the teachings of Bible and propagate Christ’s preaching; however, Christianity was employed by the missionaries as an ideology used to convince people to accept the domination of the white. Missionaries provided information regarding social political and economic structure of particular regions to the imperialists so that they could plan appropriate strategies for colonization. Political factors: One can never undermine the political motivations behind colonization during the nineteenth century. During the war of Sedan in1870, the political situation was disturbing and conflicts were there among European nation. The French nationalism became deep rooted after the war and colonial imperialism turned to be a means of revenge for France. Other European nations used colonialism as an instrument to divert the attention from their internal issues. National prestige was another key factor which compelled the Europeans to concentrate more on the division of existing colonies and occupying power over new colonies (Mathias & Todorov 68). Modern systems of communication and transportation have been introduced as a result of the technological development. These innovations eventually restructured European colonies. Economic factors: The nineteenth century industrialization could be connected with the colonization. As a result of the industrial expansion, Europeans went in search of raw materials and new markets for their products. According to Lenin’s theory, an enlargement of scale of production would result in a decline of profit in capitalist economies and as a result of the accumulation of capital the production will increase and the excessive production would result in the accumulation of unsold products (Mathias & Todorov 68). Industrial revolution resulted in the generation of such a situation. Imperialist policy and an overseas expansion became necessary to overcome this difficulty. It became an important objective of the statesmen to improve on the participation and share in the world trade so as to increase the national wealth and thereby national power (Mathias & Todorov 68). Impact on the international relationship: Most of the Asian and African countries were European colonies and their influence played a major role in shaping the social and educational institutions and the economic structur ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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