We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Functionalist and intentionalist explanations of mass murder cases - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Intentionalism and Functionalism as Explanations for Genocide: Nazis and Rwanda Introduction There are two different theories of the mind that might be brought to bear in the case of genocide – intentionalism and functionalism. These are complicated theories, so they are further explained below…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Functionalist and intentionalist explanations of mass murder cases
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Functionalist and intentionalist explanations of mass murder cases

Download file to see previous pages... Genocide is thus the result of ideology, as opposed to structure. With the functionalism, it is the opposite – the structures – political, environmental, etc. - are what influences the individual to act, or the group to act. A person might have an ideology that Jews are the cause of the problems of the world, and they must be eradicated, and this is what drove the Holocaust, say some historians, along with Hitler's overall mental problems. Others state that the structure is what drove the Holocaust – the recession that Germany was in, which made the people desperate enough to latch onto the ideas of Hitler. The functionalist argument could also be what explained why the individuals under Hitler, and the groups as well, would do what they did in carrying out the orders. With Rwanda, the functionalist argument is almost the entire argument, as no one individual had the ideology to carry out the genocide. However, if group ideology can be considered in the intentionalist argument, then this is one way that intentionalism can be used to explain what happened in Rwanda as well. This paper will explore these two theories, as well as explore how they fit into the parameters of these two tragedies. Intentionalism According to Crane (2007), the theory of intentionalism questions whether all mental states are intentional. Thoughts are intentional, in that they have an object (Armstrong, 1968). Or they might have multiple objects (Husserl, 1901). In other words, people who are thinking are thinking about something – there cannot be a thought about nothing. Since thoughts, by definition, are about something, they are said to be intentional thoughts (Chalmers, 2004). Crane (2007) asks the question of whether there are similar objects for emotions, sensations and perceptual experiences. Crane (2007) also explains what intentional objects are, and the intentional states of mind that are focused upon these objects. If one hopes for something, then this is an intentional mode. If one thinks of the object in different ways – champagne can also be thought of as sparkling wine, for instance – then this would be considered intentional content. The thing in the mind must be represented in one way or another, according to Crane (2007). Therefore, one must have intentional mode and content (Parsons, 1980). Crane (2007) also asks if the contents of all intentional states are true or false, which means that they are propositional. Or, the contents of an intentional state might be conceptual or non-conceptual (Martin, 2002). This means that the “state of mind has conceptual content when a subject needs to possess the concepts definitive of its content in order to be in that state” (Crane, 2007, p. 8). Nickel (2007) explains intentionalism as visual experiences that have phenomenology and content. Phenomenology is “what it is like to have it,” and content “is how the experience represents the world as being” (p. 1). He states that if two experiences differ in phenomenology, then they differ in content. Or, as Byrne (2001) understands it, one has a representation of a thought, and a sensation about the thought. The representation is the intentional part of the thought (Stalnaker, 1998). The intentional part of the thought may become separated from the sensation, according to some philosophers (Robinson, 1994). Nickel gives some helpful examples to compare and contrast when he speaks about the concepts. He explains phenomenology as being “ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Functionalist and intentionalist explanations of mass murder cases Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1403014-compare-and-evaluate-functionalist-and
(Functionalist and Intentionalist Explanations of Mass Murder Cases Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1403014-compare-and-evaluate-functionalist-and.
“Functionalist and Intentionalist Explanations of Mass Murder Cases Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1403014-compare-and-evaluate-functionalist-and.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Functionalist and Intentionalist Explanations of the Rwanda and Holocaust Mass Murders
Over the past two or so decades, the most heated debate has been revolving around an erudite predisposition by and large referred to as intentionalist and an antagonistic functionalist explanation.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Holocaust and Rwanda Genocide

Genocide, in this case, refers to the structural and systematic destruction of innocent individuals by a state bureaucratic apparatus and may also mean expulsion or evacuation of individuals from one place to another. Genocide remains a controversial topic among nationalists, historians, politicians.

13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Murder
In the world of the legal experts, they have separate opinions with regard to the degree of motive or intent that is needed for the conviction of these two distinct crimes. Similarly, the quantum of evidence needed to satisfy the conviction of the crimes- murder and involuntary manslaughter, both require guilt beyond reasonable doubt.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
AIDS is a Mass Murder
The researcher of this paper presents the method of social marketing that is basically adapting with commercial marketing methods to focus on the social front instead of a product promotion. The social marketing programs can also help populations overcome problems and lead of effective HIV/AIDS prevention.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Mass murder
In most situations, the event of mass murder occurs within a particular location whereby a given number of people are killed by a perpetrator or perpetrators. With some exceptions, several incidences of mass murder end with the killing of the executor. The perpetrators commit suicide in the incident or get killed by law enforcers.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Defense Principles in Murder and Manslaughter Cases
Hong Kong’s common law defines lawful and unlawful cases of homicide. Though proving every ‘unlawful’ killing, beyond a reasonable doubt, sometimes presents the defense with a lifeline, leading to the acquittal of ‘guilty’ suspects. Murder refers to killing where the situation does not warrant self-defense, avoidance of crime or capital punishment.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Functionalist theory
In order to make this studying even more understandable a brief description of functionalist theory is highlighted in this article.Plus, It's highly shedding light on how society perceived poor people who are addicted to alcohol and drugs and how differently rich people who are addicted to drugs and alcohol are viewed in society as compare to low class.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Murder
He is also described as a sociopath, totally incapable of normal human emotions and a serial killer. His tendencies were identified by his adoptive father when he was still younger, that he supported Dexter and persuaded him to channel them into rather socially useful, such as killing bad guys specifically pedophiles.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Functionalist, Conflict, & Interactionist Views
Latent, manifesto functions and dysfunctions are distinguished under functionalist perspective. Manifesto encompass functions that are apparent for instance
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Cases
In the majority of cases, the safety breaches by the employee are considered to be the main reason for the employee’s dismissal. On the basis of different cases, the authors of the article show the way an
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Functionalist and intentionalist explanations of mass murder cases for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us