quora

A Profile of the Irish Republican Army - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
A Profile of the Irish Republican Army
Origins
The Irish Republican Army refers to two historically related groups, which include Official IRA and Provisional IRA.The Irish Republican Army is an organization founded in 1919…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.1% of users find it useful
A Profile of the Irish Republican Army
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"A Profile of the Irish Republican Army"

Download file to see previous pages Irish Volunteers used to be a militant nationalist group, which came into being in 1913. IRA claimed to represent the nationalist, Catholic community in Northern Ireland. The group is linked with the political party Sinn Fein. Sinn Fein was formed in 1905 at Ireland. It is the oldest political party, whose name originates from the Irish Gaelic phrase for “We Ourselves.” Since its foundation, the party has strived for the right of Irish nationals aiming at attaining national self determination (Derkins 2002, p. 20).
The Provisional Irish Republican Army was instituted in 1969 as the covert armed division of Sinn Fein. Sinn Fein was a lawful political movement committed to confiscating British army from Northern Ireland and uniting Ireland. The group used violence as the tool of removing British authorities from Ireland. The differences arose within IRA regarding the widespread use of violence. As a result of the Sinn Fein conference in Dublin, in 1969, the IRA was split into two, Provisional and Official divisions (Derkins 2002, p. 22).
Although both wings were dedicated to a unified socialist republic of Irish, the Official favored parliamentary strategies and shunned violence after 1972. On the other hand, Provisionals supposed that violence, especially terrorism, was a crucial component of the struggle to remove United Kingdom from Ireland. The group has received assistance from a range of organizations and states. The group has received substantial training and weapons from Libya and Palestine Liberation Organization. As a result of the similarities of IRA operations, there is the probability of links between IRA and Basque militant organization, ETA, and guerrillas FARC in Colombia (Shanahan 2009, p.12). Aims and Ideology As Derkins (2002, p. 32) observes, the main aims of the group were to establish an Irish republic, ending the British rule in Northern Ireland and the reunion of Ireland. This would then lead to establish a democratic socialist republic. The group claimed to be the Catholic republicans fighting for the rights of the Catholics. The IRA purpose was to employ military to make British ruling in Ireland unsuccessful. This would then assist in attaining the broader goal of an independent republic, which Sinn Fein was pursuing at the political level. Since its formation, the group has functioned independently of political power. However, its membership overlaps with that of Sinn Fein. During the Anglo-Irish War, from 1919 to 1921, the IRA, under the direction of Michael Collins, used guerilla tactics, comprising raids, sabotage and ambushes, to force negotiations with the British government. The war led to an agreement that established two new political units; the Irish Free State and the Northern Ireland. The Irish Free State consisted of 26 counties and was given dominion status inside the British Empire. Northern Ireland, also known as a province of Ulster, comprised of 6 counties, and it remained a fraction of the U.K. Significant elements within IRA rejected this partition and started a civil war, eventually triumphed by the pro-treaty Irish army (Tugwell 1981, p. 13). In the 1970s, the relationship between Britain and Free State remained chilly. The old IRA sustained a low degree of campaign of violence intended at reuniting Ireland. However, in 1960s, its activities had diminished significantly. The developments in Northern Ireland, in the late 1960s, accelerated the diminishing influence of IRA. Civil rights activists engaged in civil defiance in reaction to discrimination against Catholics in Northern Ireland. The activists claimed discrimination in housing, employment, and voting by the dominant Protestant administration and population (Shanahan 2009, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“A Profile of the Irish Republican Army Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1399443-a-profile-of-the-irish-republican-army
(A Profile of the Irish Republican Army Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1399443-a-profile-of-the-irish-republican-army.
“A Profile of the Irish Republican Army Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1399443-a-profile-of-the-irish-republican-army.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ol
ole24 added comment 6 months ago
Student rated this paper as
The topic of "A Profile of the Irish Republican Army " is quite popular among the assignments in university. Still, this document opens a brand new perspective of seeing the question. I’ll use the manner for my own text.
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Irish economy
The author analyzes the case when the Irish nation experiences a recession first, which is followed by a short lived period of recovery and lastly, a recession once again, so that there are in all two recessions that the economy experiences. He suggests that a positive shift in aggregate demand is possible when an economy follows a stringent budget regime.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Liberal and Republican Citizenship
The issues at hand were the idea of internal diversity of the liberal democracies. Another issue was globalization on the territorial states (Macedo 98). Citizenship is composed of three main elements; the first is the one where the citizen is protected by the law and his citizenship is a legal status.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Irish revolution
Therefore, revolutionary conflict may mean the emphasis of the condition of dual sovereignty. The occurrence of dual sovereignty means that an occurrence of revolution follows. On the other hand, it may become very difficult to establish the result of the conflict whether it brings about a positive or a negative change especially when the revolutionaries succeed and the challenging parties fail.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA)
Little is publicly known about their financing or their leadership. This paper will present information taken from credible international sources and documents to construct a picture of the CIRA. It will demonstrate their origins, motives, and speculate on their future plans.
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Profile
H ecould play tought being a football player, but he is more than the sport. He does all this and having fun because he wants to make the most out of life
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Profile
Additionally, the fact that Aysha came from conservative Bahrain and sought schooling in the liberal American education is an illuminating indicator of a flexible young person (Stein & Paterno 2001, p. 56). In other words, the student actively displays the character trait of a young man willing to experiment with culture, customs and traditions of foreigners in order to discover meaningful integration.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Irish Literature
Catholics were treated like second-class populace in their native home. Centuries of oppression churned in the hearts of the Irish and came to a simmer in the writings and literature of the sons and daughters of Ireland. The Literary Renaissance of Ireland produced some of the greatest writers the world has seen.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Irelands Governmental Policies on the Iris Republican Army
The Ulster clans, under Hugh O'Neill, had succeeded in to create an effective deterrent against Elizabeth's army. After a prolonged destructive campaign, annexation of Ulster was finally completed by Oliver Cromwell. Irish leaders who could not accept the changed situation left the island for Europe and America.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Irish Historiography
It is within these parameters that one need approach, understand and analyse Irish historiography as is the precise intention of this paper and as shall be done through a discursive analysis of the stated, with specific focus on the extent to which historical debates pertaining to both the Irish Revolution and Potato Famine reflect the evolution of Irish Historiography since the 1920s.
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
Irish revolution
a complete sudden change of rulers and the political system of a nation. ‘Revolutionary conflict’ indirectly refers to the causes of a revolution. A revolution is a consequence of several major events leading to the ultimate result. Those consequences are a result of conflicts between two or more powerful groups.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic A Profile of the Irish Republican Army for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us