Name: Tutor: Course: Date: University: History of the Japanese-Californian Internment Camps and the Social and Psychological Impact of Internment Abstract The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was a day that shocked a nation, turning average American citizens into crazed, anti-Asian racists…
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Extensive research into the accounts of the forced relocation and internment will uncover a tragic shift to the Japanese Californian culture, their quest to assimilate and recover in a post WWII world and the legacy that remains today. Although the core of my research will be on the social impact that the relocation and internment had on the Japanese Californian psyche, I also plan on providing a historical foundation for the key events that led to the dramatic act of forced removal by the United States government. Starting with Executive Order 9066, I plan to discuss the formation of the Wartime Civilian Control Administration and War Relocation Authority, the planning and staging of the assembly centers and then life behind the fences of internment camps. This dramatic experience of internment caused Japanese Californians to be ashamed of their heritage, and left a deep and lingering scar that took two generations of recovery. Introduction The relocation and internment of Japanese-Americans during the World War II had a phenomenal impact on their identity, culture, and their American experience. The Second War provided Japanese Americans with a mixed experience; for many, who faced forcible relocation from their homes and businesses, it was a shocking experience. Wartime embedded a deep and shameful scar on the American conscience. During this period, Americans of Japanese ancestry underwent forced detention devoid of due process. The roots of the ensuing prejudice of Americans of Japanese ancestry can be traced to myths, stereotypes, and unfounded fears persistent within the society. The stereotypes and fears proliferating at the time combined with economic self-interest contributed to the rise in racial antipathy (CWRC 1997, p.27).1 This provided a rich ground for the growth of politics of prejudice and resultant discriminatory laws. This bred hostility towards Americans of Japanese descent, and failure in political leadership culminated in the relocation and internment of the Japanese Americans during wartime years. The rationale for the prejudicial policy hinged on military necessity (Lee 1998, p.405).2 The relocation and internment of Americans of Japanese ancestry was in essence racial discrimination, which resulted to emotional pain and suffering of the detainees. The severity of the relocation and internment was compounded by the fact that Americans of Japanese ancestry remained detained, while some of their sons were fighting in the military. The Japanese-Americans were fighting to defend the precise rights their families that were blatantly denied. The execution of the order was highly discriminative as espoused by the fact that there was no exclusionary order against citizens of either German or Italian ancestry, both of which were “enemies” during the war. Official actions against supposed enemy aliens of other nationalities exhibited high individualization and selectiveness compared to those actions imposed on the ethnic Japanese. The perceived disloyalty is disputable judging by the record number of Nisei soldiers who came back from the battle fields of Europe as the top, decorated and distinguished combat unit of World War II. The Context of Relocation and Internment Policy The exclusion and removal of ethnic Japanese
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On the home front, young men rushed to enlist, people rationed food and gasoline to send it to the boys “over there,” and the country pulled together in an effort to win the war. However, not every American got the opportunity. Some of them were rounded up and placed in secure locations where they could not leave.
What Went Wrong?
In the nineteenth century, Christianity was already seen as the universal religion. Many theologists started on studying different factors about Christianity. Hence, nineteenth century was not solely about Christianity. It is also the time when modern thought about Christianity rises.
It was on this day in history that the Imperial Japanese Navy launched an attack on the Pearl Harbor, an American naval base in Hawaii. The aftermath was a massive arrest of over 100,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese Canadians and their subsequent detention in prisons camps.
According to the report Japanese could spy for their compatriots back in Japan thereby cause more trouble for the American people. on February 19th 1942, a directive was issued by President Roosevelt which required all Japanese in America to shift their locations from their homes to the internment camps where they were to be confined.
The Japanese-American Internment gained momentum at the time when the US government was involved in evacuating every individual of Japanese descent from the West Coast region and subsequently, incarcerating in diverse relocation centers of War Relocation Authority (WRA).
The conditions laid, were the minimum acceptance should be less the 50%, and there should be no change in Arcelor or the Mittal substance during the offer. The new merged company would be known as ArcelorMittal. The merger between these two steel giants will redefine the global steel industry.
Americans and hence people in power evoked interest to remove all those of Japanese descent living in the US citing security and military reasons (Exploring the Japanese American internment; Japanese Internment; Historical Overview; World War II). Though the reports presented
Roosevelt, the president during the period of the attack, issued an internment order dubbed “Executive order 9066” two months after the attack on Pearl Harbor. This decision came about because the president’s advisors were racists and believed that the Japanese were
When the Japan bombed the Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941 their lives changed drastically according to Ng (p1). This act led to the internment of American Japanese as they were perceived to be security threat by the American government. This paper discusses the history of the internment and the experiences people went through in the process.
These camps were also known as War Relocation camps because these were set up at the time of attack of imperial Japan upon the pearl harbour. The Japanese living in United States were unequally interned in these camps because from some areas all the Japanese were taken to the internment camps whereas all the Japanese living in other areas like Hawaii etc.
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