We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

What is Relativism History of Relativism - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Relativism, in its essence, deals with the concept of what is reality and whether it is absolute or not. It suggests that there is no absolute truth and that everything is relative in nature and this relativity is subjected to the perceptions…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
What is Relativism History of Relativism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
What is Relativism History of Relativism

Download file to see previous pages... Relativism therefore essentially argues that different point of views which are argued against and in favor of are equally valid and the difference only arises due to different perceptions and considerations of individuals. Relativism however, comprises of a body of knowledge and different point of views with common theme that some central aspects of our existence are actually relative to some other things. Issues such as moral principles, justifications are considered as relative to other variables such as the language, culture as well as biological make-up.
It also suggests that our own cognitive biases towards certain issues actually restrict our ability to view things objectively therefore this bias can be contained towards wherever we use our senses. As such, relativitism suggests that our existence is actually situated into our cultural and linguistic contexts therefore our perceptions about truth can be relative.( Wisman, 1990) Universalism, however, deals with one universal truth and has religious and theological foundations also. Different religions including Christianity and Islam endorse the concept of one universal truth and reality.
Universalism therefore can be used to identify the particular doctrines concerning the formation of all people.
This paper will focus upon describing and exploring relativitism in details while also arguing whether it is defensible and can be reconciled with universalism or not. History of Relativism It is suggested that there are no significant philosophers who ever can be considered as relativists. However, the history of relativism dates back to Greek era when Protagoras of Abdera believes to have put forward a simple version of relativism in his treatise Truth. Protagoras outlined that all human beings are measure of all things and to things they belong and to things they don’t belong they don’t. Apparently, Protagoras was of the view that human beings are creatures which can be associated with certain things and a person is a measure of how he associates with those things. Protagoras went on to say that to me a wind may seem cold or hot but to you it may be different.( Rorty,1991) It is critical to understand that Greek were aware of the cultural differences since 50 Century BCE and onwards. Herodotus even went on to discuss the cultural differences and biases people of India and Persia held and suggested that if you were to ask them what are the best laws, they would probably mention their own laws as the best. Similar, references are also made in other literature wherein it was critically outlined that no behavior can be shameful if it is not to the person who is practicing it. Further, arguments were also presented regarding different conceptions of God.( Lutz,1991) Protagoras was considered as the first official voice in relativism though very little is known about him. Most of his teachings are presented as reference in the works of Plato. Plato interpreted his most of the work wherein he argued that each thing appear to me so it as to me and each thing appear to you so it is to you. Protagoras also discussed about the truth and how it appears to others. It has been argued that during recent times, four important schools of thoughts emerged in relativism which have actually challenged the traditional view about It is suggested that relativistic motives appear almost everywhere in philosophy and that the relativists have been able to keep many thinkers captive of their ideas despite the fact that relativistic arguments often lead to implausible conclusions. Much of 20th century thought on the relativism has been focused upon presenting the issue more coherently rather than further refining its fundamental principles. The initial focus was on the diversity of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Cultural Relativism
Cultural relativism is related to a natural theory of evolution that views the cultural and linguistic diversity of human civilization globally as related to unique aspects of geographical isolation and parallel development.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
The Discord of Relativism in Relation to Universal Wrongs
Every country has traditions and cultures that it practices and accepts as part of daily life. In the very same way that in a single country there may be several accepted realities that occur and may be as many or as distinct as there are races, religion or creed.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism
The Prince was written as both a philosophy and “how-to” manual for Lorenzo di Medici, scion of the ruling Florentine family with which Macchiavelli is generally associated. Macchiavelli’s seminal work is concerned with the acquisition and maintenance of power, by whatever means are available and necessary.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Cultural Relativism- Critical Analysis Essay
First, I believe it is nothing more than a living, breathing fallacy of popular appeal. An example of this, used in the text, is slavery. Because the majority of the South believed it was a moral and decent practice, slavery continued to flourish. According to the theory of cultural relativism, slavery was moral because it was acceptable-until it became outlawed.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The Problem of Relativism and Morality
These questions have been tied up with the subjectivity of man and how the interpretations of modern realities take shape. It also depends to a great extent on how the conceptions of god have evolved. If one looks at the ethics and morality of the Western civilization, one can see that the Judaeo-Christian frameworks have influenced the frameworks of morality to a great extent.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Cultural Relativism
All cultures are also entitled to their own believes, in addition to having equal value. Cultural relativism as a concept also explains why it is right for a particular society to do something while it is morally wrong for another society to do the same thing.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Importance of cultural relativism in anthropology
Additionally, in studying behavioral aspects of a group of people, there will be flexibility in viewing it. Before cultural relativism was brought in limelight, people viewed cultural practices to undergo evolution (Moser and Carson 23-69).
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Philosophy-Contemporary Ethical Theory2
llette (146) also defines ethical relativism by supporting the argument that “Ethical principles or judgments are relative to the individual or culture”. He further contemplates that “There are ways in which ethical principles behavior vary legitimately from culture to
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Relativism
This is not surprising considering the fact that Christianity is based on forgiveness of sin. Likewise, Christian societies and cultures built on Christian grounds become a forgiving
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Team Assignment
According to the utilitarian theory, the good of others is what matters most as in comparison to one’s own good (Melden, 2008). The other theory is known as Kant’s moral philosophy and it is the right substitute to utilitarianism. This theory
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic What is Relativism History of Relativism for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us