Nobody downloaded yet

Did Rousseau correctly argue that previous philosophers had not gone back far enough in search of the state of nature - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Did Rousseau Correctly argue that Previous Philosophers had Not Gone Back Far Enough in Search of the State of Nature? By Candidate’s Name 2012 FACULTY OF ART, DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY (This page intentionally left blank) Introduction Prior to commencing a discussion on whether or not Rousseau correctly argued that previously philosophers had not gone back far enough in search of the state of nature, it is only proper to ponder on what is meant by the term ‘State of Nature’…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
Did Rousseau correctly argue that previous philosophers had not gone back far enough in search of the state of nature
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Did Rousseau correctly argue that previous philosophers had not gone back far enough in search of the state of nature"

Download file to see previous pages Thus, although the term ‘State of Nature’ refers to a logical construction, it does not necessarily refer to a historical period, although in the early period of human existence when organised societies with laws did not exist, individuals were free to do what they wanted based on their natural desires, psychological makeup, interests and situations, etc. It is possible to argue that humans living in isolation, far removed from the present-day civilisation without any contact with organised societies will illustrate human behaviour in a state of nature without any fabricated laws to impinge on their behaviour. In a state of nature, there were no kings and no government to impose their will on humans. The State of Nature in Rousseau’s Philosophy Rousseau employs the device of state of nature to depict the conditions under which man existed in natural conditions to argue that in the pure state of nature man’s existence would be peaceful and contented. ...
Thus, Rousseau presents a belief in the natural goodness of man who had abhorrence for giving consent to others to govern, or for entering society. Rousseau places an emphasis on historical context when thinking about the state of nature rather than considering this notion in terms of a hypothetical context. For Rousseau, the state of nature is a pre-political condition that existed prior to man acceded to the social contract to lose his natural freedom while gaining civil freedom, property and the relative protection of the group. 6 Rousseau suggests that in the state of nature, people did not know each other enough to interfere with each other, but they did present normal moral values, which the social contract for living in a society tarnishes. However, because Rousseau takes a historical rather than a hypothetical view of the state of nature concept, it makes sense to ask whether at any time in history, man has been able to demonstrate the capacity for not succumbing to immoral behaviour in relation to others. Certainly, religious doctrine contained in the old testament of the Bible does not support the views presented by Rousseau about man in the state of nature because ever since the time of Genesis, man has demonstrated moral flaws even in dealings within the same family. Thus, it will appear that Rousseau’s arguments concerning the state of nature present flaws, and it makes sense to examine his views in comparison to other noted political theory philosophers, especially those that lived before him. Rousseau’s concept of an early state of nature presents men and women as solitary animals that come together only to reproduce. 7 8 Although, a mother in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Did Rousseau correctly argue that previous philosophers had not gone Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1397902-did-rousseau-correctly-argue-that-previous
(Did Rousseau Correctly Argue That Previous Philosophers Had Not Gone Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1397902-did-rousseau-correctly-argue-that-previous.
“Did Rousseau Correctly Argue That Previous Philosophers Had Not Gone Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1397902-did-rousseau-correctly-argue-that-previous.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Did Rousseau correctly argue that previous philosophers had not gone back far enough in search of the state of nature

Human Nature in studies of philosophers

...Module Module ID: Personal Narrative Distinguished Chinese philosopher of ancient era Mencius (372-289 BCE) strongly believes in the innate goodness of human nature, which humans inherit from their ancestors. It is therefore he vehemently advocates in favor of following the life patterns of the ancestors in order to achieve perfection in their character and personality ultimately. Moreover, according to him, if humans are provided with adequate education and training, their qualities could further be polished and improved. (Circa, 2010) However, Hsun Tzu (298-238 BCE) does not find righteousness in human nature. On the contrary, he is of the view that human nature is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Gone With The Wind

...this article because it provides valuable information for my research. My research topic is Gone With the Wind. The research explores the dynamics of copyright laws, fair use, freedom of speech and infringment of copyright lows with respect to the text, Gone With the Wind and its updated version The Wind Done Gone. Therefore, the article relates to my research because it discusses and conducts research on fair use, which has certain limitations when dealing with copyright issues. The article presents broad issues realting to fair use, which I use to draw conclusions for my research. Therefore, I believe it has enough information to address the issue that I am dealing...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

The State of Human Nature

...lives in a natural state of no law and reasoning, who and the cannibal who adhered to a moral barbarism as part of an artificial structure, if we are to put it in Hobbes terms, are guilty of seeing as barbarian, as a threat "whatever is not his own practice".2 When it comes to the questions related to the similarities and differences between the cannibal and the barbarian withholding some moral values, the last one represents the society contemporary to Montaigne, mainly seen in terms of political dispute and greed for power just like in Hobbes case; both philosophers found their theories on the sort of violence generated by self conscious people who end up acting as violent beings who...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Philosophers

...mother womb until that age). Some place his existence during the same period with that of Confucius', others centuries later, while others just argue the fact that he ever existed. Due to the major impact on people's life, Lao-Tzu is sometimes considered a divinity, or, at least a messenger of a Divine force. His constant efforts to teach the others how to respect order and harmony at all levels have materialized into the work that is presently known as Laozi. These writings have numerous interpretations, from various points of view, and are still arising philosophical debates. The Daoistic influences on Chinese culture, literature, philosophy and religion are incontestable. This ancient humanistic move...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Rousseau

...of modern individuals as socially interdependent beings who desire self-rule, Rousseau argued that the only just social order was one in which each and every citizen had an equal voice in making the basic laws 6. Rousseau upheld the opinion of modern citizens to be truly free, and this could be possible only if they lived under such conditions of civil freedom. Thus he possessed the idea of freedom in both 'democracy' and 'totalitarian'. Yet, while astutely criticizing economic and status inequality for eroding the equal worth of a citizen's voice, Rousseau, fearing the centrifugal dynamics of an emerging pluralist, marketed society, devalued the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Hobbes/rousseau

...freedom to possess – and consequently, ability to be in command of everything that is related to property (for instance, one’s own personality, free time, freedom to distribute one’s property (sell, exchange, etc.)) Thus, for Locke an attempt to steal someone’s property is practically the same as to try to kill a person. This crime, stated the philosopher, had to be punished by death. What is property for John Locke? It means not less than freedom, since he claimed that a human being is free when he has the natural right to possess and be in command of his property. The views of Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes, like the rest of the philosophers of the Age...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Philosophers Biography

...Number] Plato-The Great Philosopher Plato is included in one of the greatest philosophers that were ever born since the World came into existence. The quality that makes Plato stand out from all the philosophers is that he established an Academy in Athens in order to introduce and promote higher education in the Western World. Plato belonged to a well off family but not much is known about his early life. There is a legend in reference to Plato’s philosophical expertise that in Plato’s infancy, while he was in deep slumber, some bees approached on his lips and as a result his words are enriched with sweetness. Life History- The Beginning and The End: Plato‘s father name...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Philosophers

...’ desire to question the so called ‘facts’ occurs during his confrontation with Thrasymachus concerning the nature of justice. Thrasymachus states that justice is the advantage of the stronger, meaning that justice is meant to benefit the ruling elite while subjugating the poor. Socrates however objects to this definition and asserts that even the ruling classes make mistakes and should also face the consequences of breaking the law. Thrasymachus bounces back by claiming that rulers who make mistakes are not eligible for the mistake as they are not rulers at that particular moment. He then provides the example of a craftsman who cannot be held responsible for poor work, since mistakes...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Advertisement gone too far

...ADVERTISEMENT GONE TOO FAR By Location Advertisement Gone Too Far Introduction Since the twentieth century, advertisements have featured women. Over the years, advertisers have sexualized women and portrayed them as sexual objects. It is evident that different media forms have exploited women as they have been represented in highly sexual contexts. Such depiction of women was unacceptable and highly criticized in the early days. However, the society has slowly accommodated the sexualisation and the objectification of women. It is unfortunate that most of the women posing nude for advertisements do not recognize the message they are sending to the audience. Many young girls are negatively affected by the increased sexualisation... Standard...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Philosophers

...to Bennabi, religion is important if the equation Man + Soil + Time = Civilization(Benlahcene, 2013). He argued that Man was at the center of the process of civilization and that without him, the other elements would not hold. In line with verse 13:11 of the Quran, he also argued that to change the society, Muslims must first seek to change their spiritual condition. Bennabi’s philosophy was based on a deep understanding of Islam not just as a religion, but also as a civilization. He sought to philosophically explain the origins of the decline of Islam and propose solutions. His early life in a devout Islamic family had prepared him for such a mission. Ibn Khaldun Ibn...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Did Rousseau correctly argue that previous philosophers had not gone back far enough in search of the state of nature for FREE!

Contact Us