Name Institution Course Instructor Date The Political Economy of States in the Middle East and North Africa The Middle East and North Africa throughout history have been centre stage in economy and politics. These regions have been endlessly fought over, coveted as strategic real estates on the word’s major trade routes…
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First, the report highlights the dominant economic activities and social service in Egypt. Second, the study will look at the political systems in Egypt with an emphasis on their connection with the citizens. Third, the paper will explore the citizenship rights and the role of women in politics and development of Egypt. Finally, the research will relate the views of international community about Egypt with a keen interest on the stand of U.S on the matter. Political Economy of Egypt Egypt leads in the population in the Arab world. It is the second populous country in the African continent. It has a population of about 80 million people living in different locations. The regions include Alexandria and Cairo, the banks of river Nile, and along Suez Canal. The regions support many people. They are in the category of the world’s densely populated regions. On average, a square carries over 3,820 persons. Egyptians are fairly homogeneous people of Hamitic origins. Most of the citizens in Egypt are Muslims. However, there are minorities who are Christians (Aldosari 33). Egypt economy depends on petroleum exports, tourism, and agriculture. Egyptians practice agriculture in the fertile grounds of Nile Valley and Delta. This area is approximately 2.5 million hectares. The estimate of the workforce that engages directly in farming is about one-third. Egyptians who do carry out the tilling of the land make their fortunes from the agricultural industries. The factories deal with processing of agricultural products that feed the Egyptians. The surplus is exporter to earn foreign currency. There are projects in progress to convert the Egyptian deserts to productive lands. This is a government initiative to balance agricultural outputs in Egypt. A good example of such projects is the Toshka project in the Upper Egypt (Aldosari 1144). The warm weather and steady supply of water supports crop farming throughout the year. Predominantly, Egypt grows cotton, rice, sugarcane, sugar beets onions, wheat, corn, and beans. Cotton contributes significantly to agricultural exports. Egypt also produces fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Egypt export crops such as grapes, potatoes, and green beans to Europe. The close proximity of Egypt to the European markets boosts the export trade remarkably. This is because the short distance reduces the shipping costs. Farmers rear livestock in small quantities. These comprise of buffaloes, chicken, and water buffaloes. In addition to the agricultural capacity, the Nile Valley and Delta Egypt is endowed with natural resources. These include petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, and iron ore deposits. The gulf of Suez Canal and Western Desert contain rich sources of crude oil. Natural gas comes from the Nile Delta that is off the Mediterranean seashore, and in Western desert. Oil and gas product contributes to about 12% of the Egypt Domestic Gross Product (GDP). In the year 2008-2009 the petroleum and its products brought in $ 11.4 billion (Oxford Business Group 104). Tourism industry flourishes in Egypt. The country provides reliable domestic air service for tourists. Cairo is the major tourist hub in Egypt. Egypt leads in tourist destination in the Middle East. For instance, in the year 1996 Egypt tourists’ arrival reached a high mark of 3.9 million. This was an average stay of six nights. This contributes to 25 % of all of the total tourist traffic to the Middle East. The
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The analysis gives focus on the issues that led to exploitation of the oil deposits, the problems encountered during the period, the events following the extraction of oil and the future perspective of the oil industry in these sections of the countries. It also relates to emerging trends in the industry and the relationship between the oil companies from the centuries of discovery up-to-date.
The countries in this region are also marked with high rate of poverty since 23% of the population in these countries lives at an earning of less than $2 per day. The growth rate in these countries differs vastly because of the economic diversity. During the 1990s while some of the countries exhibited buoyant economic growth the others like Lebanon, Syria and Morocco displayed poor growth.
Politics generally refers to the way in which a group of people are ruled. Generally, the most important premise that is attached to politics is whether or not the ruling is ruling the ruled in a manner that is in conformity with the hopes and socio-economic aspiration of the people (Al-Sayyid, 2003).
It is argued that unlike regions that are in East Asia or Latin America, the Islamic nations have negatively responded to globalization. The main reason as to why the Middle East has vehemently opposed globalization is the lack of previous cultural penetration in the Islamic world by the Western institutions, ideas and culture.
Kirk, McCoy and Spock encounters some alien cultures that have flaws closely resembling those facing humanity in their every day’s life such as discrimination, and oppression among others.
Aliens are not humans hence
The conclusion from this study states that the economies of the MENA region are heterogeneous and diverse in nature. The economies of the various countries in the MENA region range from free-market economies to hydrocarbon exporting economies. Collectively, the countries of the MENA region are most strongly established for the production and export of oil and energy.
Although the North African nations are faced with a myriad of challenges and concerns, drug trafficking does not escape their long list of concerns (The Economist). Indeed, drug trafficking plays a significant economic and political role in the North African governments particularly considering the allegations.
The present populations of the countries show a high density and the average annual economic growth is still low with b a high of 4% for Qatar and a -0.33% for Syria according to the United States census bureau (International data base). The countries are endowed with high oil deposits in their respective reserves and this is the most economic commodity that supports their existence.
join either of the forces as surrogates. The latter supported the opposing forces through the provision of economic or military aid, and these involved provision of weapons, military advisors as well as the needed tactical support.2 The term "Cold War" has been used to reveal the cold relationship that came about between the United States and the USSR immediately after the WWII that separated the East and the West because of the World supremacy battle.3It is clear that what these two nations were fighting for was World supremacy in terms of becoming the most powerful nation in the World.
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