The status of women greatly changed during the World War I. Traditionally, women were bound to be housewives only and be held responsible for keeping up with the household. In early America, women’s life centered on farm and family…
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Women knew many things like being a baker and running dairies, they were also blacksmiths, silversmiths, tailors, painters, and can perform other jobs done by men. Even though they worked side by side with their husbands, they were not paid for their work. Things were the same elsewhere, as in UK. As related in the Hub pages, before the outbreak of World War I, the role of women was similar. Their roles consisted mainly of domestic jobs, nursing, teaching, and farming. Although a few of them worked in factories, they were paid less than men. Thus, we will see here that women were not treated favorably by society and it was an accepted standard at that time. The impact of the war on women’s lives When World War I broke out, things slowly changed for women. During World War I, war industries caused the heavy employment of women. (Bryant Joyce, March 2, 2009) Three million women workers and more got employed in food, textile and war industries. Women’s role changed rapidly because of the war. In UK, many women enlisted in the Women’s Auxiliary Corps. Women were employed in communication lines, cooking, catering, and clerical jobs. They also became truck drivers and ambulance drivers because men were engaged in battles (Hub pages). Their most important contribution, Bryant Joyce, mentioned is the takeover of the farms and growing of much needed food. In Britain, 113,000 women joined the Women’s Land Army which was set up in 1917, to provide a workforce to run the farms (Hub pages). Women were at work everywhere. They learned almost all the kinds of jobs that were previously held by men. The war provided the opportunity for women to grow and learn the job skills they were not allowed to do before. In Russia, women joined the Legion of Death. These women pledged to take their own lives rather than become German war prisoners. They agreed that death was better than to remain captives. Working as nurses, hundreds of women risked their lives to help in the treatment of wounded soldiers ( hubpages). The spirit of volunteerism was very much felt during the times of war. At the beginning of the war, the government gave very little recognition to the efforts of these women. Undaunted, these women utilized their skills such as running charities, cooking, knitting, gardening and sewing. At great length, their contributions became essential, so the government began to direct and legalized their hard works (Vries, Jacqueline). During the war, the focus of attention of different women’s organizations was volunteering their services to the country rather than entrants to wage work. Historians, however, debates that their work was simply an extension of their traditional housework, while, others say that the leadership and ingenuity of women had contributed to the newly recognized status at the end of the war. Vries believed that leaders of women’s organization took these as a chance to connect their war services to women’s emancipation. At the outbreak of war, Milicent Garrett Fawcett, President of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies, urged suffragists to find positions of service in order to prove themselves “worthy of citizenship” (Vries,Jacqueline). It is therefore unsettled whether volunteerism or philanthropic works transformed the lives of these women after the
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It involves mass conscription, ideological appeals, and mass armies to the masses with a novel understanding of the scenery of armed dispute as an apocalyptic struggle that resulted in a total victory or defeat. On the other hand, the definition of total war as inspired by both the first and the second World Wars involve two elements technology modernity and Civilian involvement.
The First World War, (also known as 'The Great War' and 'The War to End All War') occurred in 1914 and last till 1918. The two opposing sides of the war were the Allied Powers which comprise of countries France, the Russian Empire, the British Empire, (later countries Italy and the United States came into the war as the Russian revolution changed the face of Russia) and the Central Powers comprising of Austria-Hungary, the German Empire, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire.
The author of this essay explains that history is replete with many battles and wars, but the First World War was the kind of war which sharply polarized the world community. It was the first big war which saw the use of modern day warfare technology as machine guns, battle tanks, air force power and strategies in a big way.
The war also provided a brilliant example of the danger involved in the uncontrolled use of modern devastating weapons for resolving contradictions that initially had non-military nature. Unfortunately, the current political developments across the globe suggest that this example remains topical even these days and should be strictly considered by modern policymakers: the Second World War convincingly demonstrated that even the most costly lessons often turn useless.
The War memorials which now decorate most British towns are a lasting testament to the disaster which overtook many of those who signed up at the beginning of the war. By 1919, the numbers of widows below 45 was more than 10% of all widows, and over half were below the age of 651.
Apart from these obvious impacts, the civilians are aloof from the effects of the hardcore frontline trench conditions, which are suffered by the Soldiers who therefore feel isolated from their civilian counterpart.
The pressure upon government from the masses was why government could not resist the war. Events that occurred in 1890s like the conflicts in European alliances and the Balkans were the fundamental cause of outbreak of the First World War. Germany played an
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