The paper operates mainly based on research questions which can be stated as follows: What were the principal causes and consequences of the Spanish-American War? The current paper presents the principal background; the Spanish attitude; the US response; bombing of USS Maine; consequences of the war. …
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The paper tells that various wars were fought by Cuba in order to gain independence from Spain. Spain held the country as a colony ever since the end of the 19th century. These wars were labeled as the Cuban War of Independence. While these wars were being fought, Cuba’s status was slowly being changed. Slavery was abolished in October 1886 and many of these liberated slaves were able to gain positions as farmers or urban working class employees. These social changes caused rich people to lose their properties, downgrading their status to middle class. A significant amount of money was also flown into Cuba from the US, with amounts reaching almost 50 million dollars. While money was flowing into Cuba, issues on whether the country was US or Spanish territory were raised politically and economically. During the Cuban War of Independence, the last few months of the conflict triggered the bigger Spanish-American War. Spanish colonial policies were revised soon after the country experienced two major losses in the colonial wars. These defeats caused the loss of its colonies in the Americas and in the Peninsular Wars. Soon after, the concept of the Spanish empire was being redefined by Spain. Spain’s colonialism can be explained in terms of culture and language. Although oceans separated these territories from each other, their culture and language united them as Spanish colonies. Cánovas also claimed that Spain was remarkably different from other empires such as Britain, and France. As opposed to these empires, Spain uniquely contributed to spreading civilization to the New World.3 On the other hand, the US also had its own interests in the Caribbean area. According to the US Monroe Doctrine, it would not allow any interference in any states’ issues and goals in expanding their colonies. Interestingly, however, Spanish Cuban colonies were exempted from the statement. For Americans, Cuba has been attracted by offers to be brought from Spain and other Americans were also high in ‘their hopes of future annexation’4 of the country. The US government did not however consider the same possibilities for other Spanish colonies like the Philippines, Guam, or Puerto Rico.5 Canovas del Castillo was in charge of Spain’s restoration following the wars and it mandated General Martinez-Campos to control the uprisings in Cuba. The general was however unable to control these insurgent activities; he was then replaced by General Valeriano Weyler who succeeded in stripping the insurgents of their weapons and supplies; he also moved many of the insurgents into reconcentration camps. This move however enraged the US and labeled Spain’s actions as extermination, not civilized warfare.6 Towards the end of the 19th century, various factors eventually came together in the US which established its concerns on overseas expansion. Concerns were also growing on new markets and other sources for its raw material needs7. The erratic economy of the late 1800s where the US was hit with depression, prompted the US to consider the foreign expansion of its markets. In effect, they saw the foreign market as a market which could take in their industrial and agricultural surpluses at the same time, one which they could also get their raw materials from8. Latin America and the Far East were considered fertile ground for its economic plans. America was however very much aware that in order for it to succeed in its economic expansion plans, it also needed to build a strong navy to protect its interests9. This meant that the US would have to establish its naval bases in the Pacific islands of the Far East, including the Philippines, Guam, and American Samoa10. A canal through Central America would therefore also be necessary for its economic expansion plans. Other elements also came into play in the Spanish-American war. The end of the 19th century also brought about the missionary expansion of American Protestant Churches11. These missionaries
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(What Were the Principal Causes and Consequences of the Essay)
“What Were the Principal Causes and Consequences of the Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1395410-what-were-the-principal-causes-and-consequences-of-the-spanish-american-war.
The author defines the ways to deal with stress and mitigate its negative health effects. The consequences of stress can contribute to relationship problems and other social maladies. Excessive stress manifests itself in a diverse range of negative consequences, including anxiety, anger and depression.
Conversely, most Southerners believed that the North had bad intentions for their land and policies (Gordon, 2002). Though the causes of the civil war are diverse, the main factors can be summarized in four main points. These reasons are divided into the perceived conspiracy by the South and the apparent intentions of the South towards the North’s liberty issues.
The involved parties, who felt that the reasons offered by the courts failed to favor their side, thus termed the reasons as politically fueled and one-sided. These interpretations mainly were revisionist, and the court prompted the involved parties, together with their allies, to take one side contrary to their opposing side since they felt that there was a misinterpretation of their reasons and intentions about why they indulged into the war.
This determination and this zeal to make U.S a global power, which was to dominate the entire world, propelled the victory path that the United States took in the Spanish-American War. After all, the war created a domino effect, which the navy leadership wanted from the very beginning, because it had pursued such a policy
The Spanish-American war occurred in 1898 as a result of American interference in the unending Cuban War of Independence. Cuba was involved in conflicts and was ruled by the Spanish for decades, which was closely observed by the US.
The south had large cotton plantation owners who wanted slavery to continue for economic reasons. The north was increasing in population and also steadily industrializing. In the initial years, the south controlled the federal government. However, with industrialization and a growing population, the north was becoming equally or more powerful.
This after the start of what is termed as Yellow Journalism brought on by Joseph Pulitzer and William Hearst, both very powerful newspaper publishing magnates. The precedents for this war included the Spanish treatment of the men, and especially the women, of Cuba and the surrounding islands of the Philippines.
As the paper declares the said idea depicted the belief of the Americans on the superiority of the United States over all the other North American countries when it came to political and economic aspects. This idea also promoted the belief that the United States was ordained by God to govern the entire North America.
The paper also studies the various consequences of the war, which led to mass protests and campaigns against it. The paper concludes to show how the communist forces of North Vietnam won over the US forces and finally united the two part of Vietnam.