The researcher of this paper tried to give a critical analysis of Constructivism. It has been found out that this constructivism got itself into international relations as some kind of critique of the traditional theories of international relations…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
The paper tells that the constructivists have over and over questioned the rationale behind the self-centred notion of rationalism. In place of this, Constructivism has favoured some form of social ontology. Its proponents believe that human beings are social actors, and as such can never live away from the society’s power to shape their actions, so that they can conform to certain forms of behaviour. However, Wendt admits that, since constructivism is unable to provide international relations with “a clear test of their predictive power...” and without a clear theory to help in assessing domestic politics, it cannot, therefore, solely in studying international relations. It needs a backing from some other theories of international relations. Therefore, my paper seeks to critically assess the strengths and shortcomings of the constructivist approach in International Relations. In doing this, the paper will give a brief discussion on how constructivism has come to be one of the major theoretical approaches of IR. It will also look at the strengths and weaknesses of constructivism. Moreover, it will give a comparison between constructivism and neorealism. The works of various constructivists will be visited to shed more light on the topic. These constructivists include Martha Finnemore, Alexander Wendt, Thomas Risse, and Peter Katzenstein. Today constructivism is actually one of the main theories of International Relations. It is built on the premise that almost all important features of global politics owe their existence to some given social circumstances and events in history. The theory strongly refutes the claim that international politics are controlled by intentional human actions that can never be controlled. It also does not agree with the notion that international politics is controlled by the uncontrollable nature of the same. The intention of constructivism to look at international relations as a result of social construction makes the theory clearly distinct from the traditional approaches to not only realism but also liberalism. There is a lot of emphasis on the human nature of humans as being an outcome of the relations we have with others. We are who we are today because of the social relations. As such, the argument here is that it is our social relations that construct us. However, the same world cannot exist without human beings since it is what it is because of the social relations. Therefore, as the world controls us, we equally control the world. Both humans and the world make each other (Zehfuss 2002, p.4). Constructivism’s importance in international relations is clearly brought out in the claim that the most important debate, now or in future, is that “between rationalists and constructivists.” Another factor that makes constructivism an important tool in the study of international relations is the fact that it occupies “the middle ground between rationalism and more radical approaches, often called reflectivist or relativist”
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“The Constructivist Approach in International Relations Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1394507-the-constructivist-approach-in-international-relations
(The Constructivist Approach in International Relations Essay)
“The Constructivist Approach in International Relations Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1394507-the-constructivist-approach-in-international-relations.
In accordance with this, a realist analysis may proceed in evaluating the importance of global security, international hegemony, natural resources, and “democratization” in reference to the NATO deployment in Afghanistan. The justification for the use of NATO forces in Afghanistan is based on the association of al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden with the Taliban in the country, who were in control of the State apparatus in 2001 when the 9/11 attacks occurred.
Hence, it becomes highly important to understand International Relations. International Relations is the study of the interaction between the various actors that take part in international politics which includes the countries, states, non-government organizations, international organizations, local governments, bureaucrats and individuals.
To better appreciate the international approaches taken by countries in the third and second worlds, the author analyzes the various international relations theories that exist. In the constructivist’s view, the world is basically a ‘social construct’, which is supported by an in-depth comprehension of international structure.
Social constructivism brings in a social ‘zest’ to theory of international relation. This research paper considers social constructivism as a perfect alternative for neorealist theory widely applied for international relations. Materialist theory analyzes behavior of states on the basis of material assets distribution.
Economic globalization is essentially free trade taken to the extreme. This means barriers that once were set up to protect the economy of a country are removed, paving the way for unrestrained export and import of goods. However, economic globalization is not solely material.
rom teachers to students, and advocates the creation of optimal conditions for pupils so that they can construct those meanings on their own” (Aviram, 2000: 466). Constructivism supports the promotion of an environment in which pupils can acquire knowledge through
Has globalisation started the process of promoting a single common world culture? Has globalisation led to inequality of nations and has it widened or closed the gap between the developing and developed economies? These questions help us to provide adequate understanding of the process of globalisation.
For example, Mearsheimer expected that the end of the Cold War would undermine the prospects for cooperation between the European states given that there was no longer a tangible threat from the ex-communist bloc (Mearsheimer, 1990, p.46-47).
Neorealists based their expectations on two key arguments.
The Marxist approach to international relations encompass both traditional Marxist and Neo –Marxist positivist paradigms which do not support the realist view of state conflicts and emphasises on the economic aspects of society with the social class as central to Marxist interpretations of society.
the theorists, with special reference to Identity notion, and its significance in respect of comprehending with the socio-political developments being carried out in the always altering global scenario of contemporary era. Before embarking upon the topic under consideration, it
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Constructivist Approach in International Relations"
with a personal 20% discount.