Arab-Israel war of 1948
The Arab-Israel war was the first in a sequence of wars fought between the Jewish state and the Arab states since 1947. Avi (1998) observes that the Israelites refer to it as the war of independence…
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Observers claim that the Arab nations were not satisfied with the UN ruling, which they criticized greatly on the basis of great imbalance on the partition. Most Arabs claimed that the partition plan did not adequately balance the two groups. More so the Arabs, whom they claimed to, have been the majority. The UN voted in favor of the partition, ruling that the British were to terminate their mandate in Palestine in order to pave way for the partition to be implemented. Avi (1998) continue to argue that by the beginning of the Second World War; most Arab countries were under the strong influence of their colonial masters. Most notably were British and the French groups. He point out that Jordan in particular remained under the strong influence of the British thus acquired arms supply and military training. The Arabs countries joined hand to form the Arab league, which was mandated to coordinate the policies between their states after independence. According to Gelber (2006), the UN partition plan was unanimously rejected by the Arab League of Nations. They declared holy war (jihad) upon all the Jews both in the Arab states and those living in Israel. He further claims that by 1940, most Jews had flown back to Israel from the Arab states fearing being persecuted. Consequently, he adds that the Arabs in Israel were encouraged to leave the country with a promise of returning after they purge the Jews land. Gelber (2006) estimates the number of Jews refugees running from the Arab states to be around one million (1,000,000), and that of Arabs from Israel to have been around three hundred and forty three thousand (343,000). War triggered a mass exodus from the Arab states. It is claimed that the Jews easily integrated in their mother country thus the claims that most Jews today are descendants of the Jews from the Arabic countries. However, it is also argued that, intentionally, the Arabs did not integrate their fellow Arabs who had escaped from Israel following war outbreak. During the initial stages of the Arab-Israel war, Avi (1998) observes that the British who were in control of Palestine, denied the Jews a chance to defend themselves. He further argues that this was done in many ways some of which were blocking those coming from other countries and denying them entry into Israel. Second, they outlawed Israel’s militia men as terrorists groups and denied them a chance to import weapons. In the mean time, it is argued that the British were supplying arms to the Arab countries and freely allowed them into Palestine. This is argued to have greatly compromised the Jewish ability to defend themselves against the Arabs. This continued until the British mandate was terminated. By February Benny (2008) observes that the Palestinian informed the UN Security Council that the partition plan could not be carried out without military aid. Because of the long process to come up with a defense force, the situation in Palestine got out of control. Benny claims that this resulted as disagreements raged the formation of the military forces without incorporating the support of the major powers. Consequently, war broke out in Palestine. He further states that the UN council blamed the Arabs for the war outbreak, with most of the western and European countries condemned Israel’s’ invasion by the Arabs. The British and the Palestine denied the UN Palestine Commission access to resolve the war crisis. Avi (1998) points out that, despite all the mounting pressure in Palestine, the UN did not suspend the partition plan. As a result, Israel
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(Arab-Israeli War of 1948 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Arab-Israeli War of 1948 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1393568-arab-israeli-war-of-1948.
The conflict is land based issue where the Arabs are of the idea that the land is their belonging and the Jewish community recognizes it as Israel and believes that it is their land. During the period of 135 AD, Jews were pushed out of their land located in the region of Palestine (Rea 4).
The ongoing dispute between Israelis and Palestinians on various essential issues such as borders, security, reciprocal recognition, land rights, water rights, control of Jerusalem, and legalities relating to refugees has often invited international intervention and various international organizations and nations have played significant role to establish long-lasting peace and stability in the region.
Significantly, the Arab nations initiated four important wars against Israel which include the War of Independence in 1948, the Sinai War of 1956, the Six Day War in 1967, and the Yom Kippur War of 1973. It is essential to recognise that the conflict between these two nations began as a political and nationalist clash over competing territorial ambitions after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the conflict involves the foundation of the Zionist movement and the ensuing formation of the modern State of Israel.
Somewhere else, the resentment among Israel and its neighboring Arab countries turned complex because of the insist of Palestinian Arabs for an self-governing state in the region occupied by Israel.
As stated by Ovendale, on June 6, 1982,
The lack of good leadership among the Palestine also contributed to the biggest loss in the battle against Israel. The lack of good leadership compromised the coordination of the Palestine’s army2. Lack of coordination during war translates to defeat in many wars, this
As the author of the text puts it, it is saddening the Palestinians had to suffer an unforeseen fate after abandonment by the Jews and Arabs altogether following the departure of the British. The author also adds that the Arabs and Palestinians were ill prepared to face the newly born Israeli state and the Israeli made preemptive plans to occupy and control areas.
There is no official line demarcating the border between the two nations. Some nations consider the Palestine to be a state, which is independent while others like United States of America terms Palestine to the territory of Israel. Both
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