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Does John Stuart Mill succeed in reconciling the concept of justice with utilitarianism - Essay Example

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According to John Rawls justice “is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought”. The theory of justice refutes to the fact that the loss of liberty for some is adjusted by superior good happening to others. It does not accept that the “sacrifices imposed on a few are outweighed by the larger sum of advantages enjoyed by many”…
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Does John Stuart Mill succeed in reconciling the concept of justice with utilitarianism
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Download file to see previous pages Justice that is balanced essentially relies on the properties and forms of freedom. Such properties are the associated “natures” of the theory of liberty, the driving forces, the spheres of influence, the limitations and the causes that make one either to give value to freedom or to find it objectionable. Dependence and independence reflect two different acts of any human being. However protective measures are required for existence of too much of independence such that a solution to “a condition for justice” may be obtained. The provision for human resources reflects two different principles; one that is “process-freedom” and explains the freedom of benefiting from one’s activities requiring “self ownership”, while the other principle presents the case of “shared equally” the benefits obtained. According to the modern theories of justice, utilitarianism as well as some other solutions, provided by Gauthier and Nash, necessitates the perception of a “cardinal utility” such that differences in the levels of utilities may be explained or compared.
Justice has been known to be a virtue that assists the feeble against attacks from the stronger society of people. Initiation of states, laws and religions were particularly for the purpose of establishing justice in a society. Justice intends to aid the weaker section of people by protecting them and helps to strengthen those who are strong. Justice can be described as an accomplishment that is “in accordance with the laws”. It aims to benefit both the weaker and the stronger sections of people in a society by means of “just laws” with which the strong may rule (Barr & Club, 1932, pp.19-20). Justice is considered as reverential when “it values a justiciable’s situation because the justiciable values it” (Kolm, 2002, p.31). The ethical evaluation of justice and its judgment depends on a set of variables that include social and ethical values for justice (Kolm, 2002, pp.31-32). Study on Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism has been conventionally understood as “most good should be done”. Although this view is in support of few philosophers like John Stuart Mill, there are several other opinions that charges to state that this principle is not attuned with what justice or fairness demands in distributing benefits to all sections of people in a society. Laws that necessitate impartiality in profits distribution “are best in the long run” and thus should be thought of without initiating maximization of benefits in certain circumstances for particular sections ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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