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Pathophysiological Processes Involved in Type Two Diabetes - Coursework Example

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"Pathophysiological Processes Involved in Type Two Diabetes" paper includes a brief reference to the prevalence of the condition, focuses primarily on the underlying pathophysiology, and includes a discussion on contemporary management of the condition…
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Pathophysiological Processes Involved in Type Two Diabetes
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Download file to see previous pages Changes in lifestyle and behavior, in particular, sedentary jobs combined with lack of exercise and an increase in disposable income combined with lower food prices, have resulted in a veritable explosion of type 2 diabetes. Left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to a series of complications and illnesses and a high incidence of premature morbidity. However, over-rich nutrition and the resulting obesity are not the only risk factors as there are different levels of susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in different ethnic groups.

According to statistics released by the World Health Organization (WHO), currently, 180 million people worldwide have diabetes, with 2.9 million deaths per year occurring due to complications caused by diabetes, such as cardiovascular diseases.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for 90 - 95% of cases. In contrast to type 1 diabetes, which is largely an autoimmune disease, whereby the body destroys the insulin-producing ß-cells situated in the pancreas, type 2 diabetes is a slowly progressing, chronic condition caused by the body’s increasing inability to absorb and use its own insulin. As the condition often has a slow onset, and symptoms, such as increased thirst, tiredness, or general lack of energy are either not very noticeable or can be explained away by other factors, such as stress at work, many people are not aware that they are diabetic and a diagnosis may only be obtained once the condition is relatively advanced.

In early stages of pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, a change of diet and increased exercise may be sufficient to control the condition, but most patients with type 2 diabetes will need to take oral drugs eventually to help control their metabolism and may, at a later stage, progress to insulin as a form of treatment.

Different ethnic groups appear to have varying degrees of prevalence. Ethnic Indian, African, Latin American and Native American populations seem to be more susceptible to type 2 diabetes than people of Caucasian origin. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Characteristics of Type Two Diabetes

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