Nobody downloaded yet

Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Hypothermia to Improve Neurological Outcomes - Case Study Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The study aims at identifying the most appropriate cooling apparatus and the duration of applying hypothermia as numerous approaches to inducing hypothermia have been tested successfully. The study can ideally be conducted in hospitals which are located in highly urbanized areas…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Hypothermia to Improve Neurological Outcomes
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Hypothermia to Improve Neurological Outcomes"

Download file to see previous pages Cardiac arrest can start with a fast ventricular tachycardia and degenerate into ventricular fibrillation.
Recovery from cardiac arrest is possible only if the heartbeat and circulation are restored by cardiac massage within a few minutes of its occurrence. It is often fatal when the patient is unattended or alone. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is indicated immediately before the patient reaches the hospital where defibrillation can be carried out.
Cardiac arrest occurs in adults mostly due to pre-existing cardiac disease, especially coronary artery disease. Other reasons which can trigger a cardiac arrest are a circulatory shock due to trauma, drug overdose or toxicity, pulmonary embolism, and other metabolic disturbances. (Merck Manual)
In younger people and children the causes can vary from trauma to toxicity, pulmonary infection and obstruction, and sudden infant death syndrome. The causes of cardiac arrest have been tabulated by Birt David et al (1999) as follows:
Hypoxia is inadequate oxygenation to the tissues in the body while Hypercapnia is the presence of abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood. Cardiomyopathies are miscellaneous pathological conditions of the heart muscle while Myocarditis is the inflammation of the cardiac muscles. Tension Pneumothorax is a condition in which there is abnormal pressure in the thoracic cavity due to the pathological condition of the collapsed lungs. Abnormal Vagal reflex mechanisms also alter the heartbeat and emboli precipitate cardiomyopathies. Circulating catecholamines like Epinephrine, Dopamine, and Norepinephrine have a profound effect on the functioning of the heart.  
Metabolic changes affecting the Calcium and Potassium levels disturb the normal homeostasis mechanisms of the body and these ions have important roles in the functioning of the heart muscle. Drugs used for treatment or ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Case Study, n.d.)
Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Case Study. Retrieved from
(Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Case Study)
Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Case Study.
“Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Case Study”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Hypothermia to Improve Neurological Outcomes


...of the heart. A person during the test is requested to indulge in exercise to make the beating of the heart faster. c)MRI Scan :MRI scan is a very effective and safe testing procedure which uses radio waves to give elaborate picture of heart. The test also shows the moving of heart and its vessels. As per (Geddes ,2009,pg.10-15) “MRI scans could soon reveal who is at risk, avoiding the use of invasive probes that can themselves trigger heart attacks”. Treatment In current world, there is abundant reason for people to fall sick and get diseased. Among them disease cardiac arrest is one of the most prominent reason for death in developing...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Neurological Disorders

...stimulation to the targeted part of the brain and to block abnormal nerve signals that cause tremor and other symptoms of Parkinson disorder. However before the procedure, the patient has to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to deeply visualize areas to be operated. Homeopathic remedies which rely on the law of physics and chemistry are also found to be effective. It comes in many forms however their application all depends on the symptoms to improve. One is the use of Mercurius derived from the element mercury. This method has been adapted during the early times of Chinese medicine and Hindu civilization. Its effectiveness had attracted the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Induced Therapeutic Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest

... arrest. This technique involves cooling of a patient to about 32 to 34 degrees Centigrade. Although introduced in 1950’s, it was abandoned due to certain difficulties however it was re-introduced in 1980’s after animal studies. After some successful studies, it is now approved by American Heart Association and is a part of their updated resuscitation standards. Given below is an insight into the steps involved, side effects and possible prognosis of induced therapeutic hypothermia. INDUCED THERAPEUTIC HYPOTHERMIA AFTER CARDIAC ARREST 3 INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic hypothermia is also known as ‘targeted temperature management’. Michelle E. (2011) has discussed in detail about the induction of therapeutic hypothermia and its outcomes... ...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Mild Therapeutic Hypothermia

...emergency departments" (Bernard, 2004) and that the effectiveness of mild hypothermia can be improved if initiated as soon as possible after return of spontaneous circulation (Kim, et al 2005). This study will enroll patients of ventricular fibrillation and asystole as the initial rhythyms to assess whether the induction of cooled intravenous fluid is a safe, fast and effective technique that will improve the neurological outcome after cardiac arrest. Random selection of patients with ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia and asystole...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Neurological Disorders

...such as prednisone, cyclosporine, and azathioprine may also be used. These medications improve muscle strength by suppressing the production of abnormal antibodies. They must be used with careful medical followup because they may cause major side effects. Thymectomy, the surgical removal of the thymus gland (which often is abnormal in myasthenia gravis patients), reduces symptoms in more than 70 percent of patients without thymoma and may cure some individuals, possibly by re-balancing the immune system. Other therapies used to treat myasthenia gravis include plasmapheresis, a procedure in which abnormal antibodies are removed from the blood, and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Use of mild hypothermia after cardiac arrest

...the Neurologic Outcome: A Study Design Abstract Cardiac arrest with widespread ischemia frequently leads to severe neurologic impairment (Holzer, 2002). The study will enroll patients with asystole as the initial rhythym to assess whether mild therapeutic hypothermia will improve the neurologicoutcome after resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Random selection of patients with asystole will either undergo therapeutic hypothermia for 24 hours or will receive a standard treatment with ...
10 Pages(2500 words)Book Report/Review

Induced Hypothermia in Post Cardiac Arrest

...: Comparison of mannitol, thiopental, and free-radical scavengers. Surg Forum. 4, p. 197. Gott, V. L. (1972). Heparinized shunts for thoracic vascular operations [editorial]. Ann Thorac Surg. 14, p. 219. Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest Group (2002). Mild therapeutic hypothermia to improve the neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest. The New England Journal of Medicine. 346(8), pp. 549-556. Kieffer, E. et al. (1989). Preoperative spinal cord arteriography in aneurysmal disease of the descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aorta: Preliminary results in 45 patients. Ann...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Induced Theraputic Hypothermia after Cardiac Arrest

...the induction of therapeutic hypothermia and its outcomes in patients undergoing open cardiac surgery. She defines the therapeutic hypothermia as a ‘deliberate reduction of the core body temperature’ typically to a range of about 32 to 34 degrees Centigrade (89.6 to 93. 2). This is especially true for those patients who are unable to regain consciousness as the blood starts to circulate again following a cardiac arrest. MECHANISM OF CELLULAR INJURY DURING CARDIAC ARREST: During an open heart surgery, there is significant risk of neurological injury on account of the lack...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper


...that the neurological system has a direct effect on the circulatory system. The need for there to have been greater care for multi-organ dysfunction while undertaking the therapeutic hypothermia has also been realised (Absalom, Bradley and Soar, 2009). This is because the history of the customer on COPD further exposed him to acute coronary syndrome, which could have arisen at any point in time at all while undergoing therapeutic hypothermia. References Absalom AR, Bradley P & Soar J. (2009). ‘Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in an urban/rural area during 1991 and 1996: have emergency medical service changes improved...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

Neurological Disorders

...Neurological Disorders Stroke happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is severely reduced interrupted, depriving brain tissue of nutrients and oxygen. Within a few minutes, cells of the brain begin to die. Different types of stroke have different causes. Ischemic strokes, for instance, are caused by blocking or narrowing of the arteries connecting to the brain these results in severely reduced blood flow (ischemia). Hemorrhagic strokes are caused by brain arteries either bursting open or leaking blood. The hemorrhaged blood exerts pressure on cells of the brain and damages them. TIAs occur when oxygen delivery is disrupted in the brain. It brings about an interim loss of cognizance. Nevertheless, the patient still has... of...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Case Study on topic Cardiac Arrest and Its Neurological Effects and Use of Mild Hypothermia to Improve Neurological Outcomes for FREE!

Contact Us