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Risks of Smoking whilst Pregnant - Assignment Example

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In the paper “Risks of Smoking whilst Pregnant,” the author discusses the evidence that shows that smoking is the cause of several health concerns, which include cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. As a result of smoking, there is a possibility that health concerns could occur due to smoking…
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Risks of Smoking whilst Pregnant
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Download file to see previous pages Of more importance is the finding of research that results in smoking intervention strategies during pregnancy have demonstrated limited success (Cnattingius, 2004).
In the United States of America, the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy witnessed a decrease of 38% in the period between 1990 and 2002. In 2002 the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy was 11.4% compared to the prevalence of 18.4% in 1990. The decline in the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy varied across the country. However, the prevalence figures reflect a high rate of prevalence of smoking during pregnancy among teenage and young expectant mothers. (Mathews, 2004).
The most important preventable risk factor unsuccessful pregnancy outcome has been established and it is smoking during pregnancy. Smoking during pregnancy is linked to fetal growth restriction, stillbirth, preterm birth, placental abruption, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), besides increasing the risk for spontaneous abortions, ectopic pregnancies, placental, behavior disorders, respiratory disorders and infection in childhood (Heilbronner, 2005).
Shah, Sullivan, & Carter, 2006, investigated the risk of SIDS, as a result of smoking during pregnancy, using data from birth and death registration in Georgia during the period 1997 to 2000. They reported that smoking during pregnancy was responsible for as many as one in five cases of SIDS. Taking into consideration the rate of SIDS in mothers who smoked during pregnancy, it was found that smoking was responsible for two-thirds of the SIDS. These figures for SIDS due to smoking during pregnancy are a matter of concern, and become even more alarming, when the well-accepted fact that SIDS and smoking during pregnancy are underreported and wrongly classified to a large extent in birth records. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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