This paper "Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome" focuses on the disorder experienced by newborns caused by sudden withdrawal from drug/s to which the baby has been introduced via in utero exposure. This results from substance abuse of the mother during pregnancy. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
This study asserts that sufficient knowledge, proper diagnosis, the right approach to treatment, good screening protocols, and attitudes of healthcare practitioners are key factors in responding to the effects of NAS.
Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is a product of the said growing problem of drug abuse. It affects newborns who were subjected to fetal exposure to drugs by drug use of their mothers during pregnancy. While in the uterus, the drugs also reach the fetus and drug-dependency follows. After birth, the drug is not anymore available, hence the withdrawal symptoms manifest. NAS is the collection of symptoms shown by the neonate during the first few weeks of life as a result of sudden drug withdrawal after birth
During pregnancy, the woman is not just “eating for two”, but she breathes and drinks for two as well. Consumption of alcohol and illegal drugs affect both the mother and the baby. This poses health risks for the baby. A pregnant woman suffering from alcohol and substance abuse should see a health care provider to obtain proper advice and guidance on how to quit (National Women’s Health Information Center, 2007).
There have been reports that neonatal nurses have limited knowledge of NAS and that they have negative attitudes towards the drug-dependent mothers. Diagnosis of NAS is also complicated, as its symptoms can be indicative of other disorders. Accurate evaluation of the condition of the infant is vital in determining the kind of treatment that would be administered to the neonate. There have also been studies on the medications administered to the pregnant women such as methadone, morphine, and buprenorphine for withdrawal and their effects to the severity of NAS of the infant.
Anonymous screening at antenatal clinics in London showed that 11-16% of pregnant women patients were taking at least one illicit substance (Parkar et.al, 1995, Sherwood et.al, 1999, cited by Gerada et.al, 2003).
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
...Neonatal Nursing: Respiratory Distress Syndrome Introduction One of the common problems encountered in preterm babies is respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), which is also known as hyaline membrane disease (Cloherty, 2004). RDS is a respiratory condition that occurs mostly in premature infants (Pramanik and Rosenkranz, 2009). The incidence and severity of this condition is inversely related to the gestational age of the newborn infant. The condition contributes to significant morbidity and mortality among preterm population because of which it has been extensively studied, leading to several advances in the treatment like administration of antenatal steroids, placental transfusion,...
...? 7 October Abstinence Programs - Do They Work? Abstinence programs, for a while now, have been the of a debate discussing the effectiveness and worth of implementing such programs. Tens of millions of dollars are offered as government grants to promoters of abstinence programs. Cleary the government is looking for the most effective way to curb teenagers’ engagement in sexual activities that lead to an increase in sexually transmitted diseases, emotional and psychological injuries, and out-of-wedlock childbearing. Therefore, schools across the nation have been charged with implementing programs that will educate the young about the risks of engaging in sexual activities before marriage....
...How effective are Abstinence Programs in counties with High pregnancy rates among teenagers 13-16 (Research Proposal) Introduction Douglas County,like many other counties in Georgia, is experiencing a steady increase in teen pregnancies and teens engaging in premarital sexual activities. According to The Georgia Vital statistics report, in 2002, the population of females between the ages of 14-17 in Douglas County was approximately 7,346. Of that number, an estimated 1,673 gave birth to children out of wedlock. These statistics indicate that in Douglas County, approximately 234 out of every 1,000 unmarried teens between the ages of 14-17 became unwed mothers. Furthermore, the Pregnancy Resource Center of Douglas County reports... , that in...
...initiation of respiratory support, but may occur spontaneously).
4. Pulmonary hemorrhage: more common in preterm infants (specially those with those with respiratory distress syndrome)
5. Congenital pulmonary hypoplasia.
Activity 3: Hypoglycaemia in the Newborn
Perturbations in glucose metabolism after birth, caused by failure to adapt to the extrauterine environment as a result of either alterations in maternal metabolism or intrinsic metabolic problems in the neonate, often result in hypoglycaemia. Although a consensus regarding cutoff values for hypoglycemia has not been reached, most investigators would consider a plasma glucose concentration of lower than 36 mg/dL to be low when it requires...
...AbstinenceAbstinence is a practice of refraining from all the sexual related activities. It is the only method which can guarantee100% effectiveness in preventing pregnancies. Even though many other methods have been advocated for birth control or to avoid unwanted pregnancies, not even a single method appears to be having 100% success rate. Sexually transmitted diseases are common at present and it is increasing to alarming levels because of the unawareness about the seriousness of such diseases. 'With abstinence, no barriers or pills are necessary because the person is not having sex. You don't have to be a virgin to practice abstinence. Sometimes people who have been...
...Introduction to Public Health; MPH 502 Module 2; SLP Martha J. Bailey Introduction to Public Health; MPH 502 Module 2; SLP An analysis of what the federal state and local are doing to aggressively combat neonatal tetanus has revealed one dilemma unknown to the author at the time the subject was chosen: Through past efforts of the public health department neonatal tetanus has been effectively eliminated in this country since 1990.
During the 1950’s, 100 deaths due to neonatal tetanus was reported annually. In the late 1950’s the death rate was greatly reduced due to a change in the vaccine. (Tetanus Q&A). With the ability to vaccinate prior to exposure the ACIP began recommending...
...Neonatal Tetanus With Tetanus being a disease that is non-communicable it is easy to track adult cases. Cases are reportedto the CDC or to the WHO whom then keeps statistics and demographics regarding neonatal tetanus. Neonatal tetanus has been easy to track also with only three cases being reported from 1990-2004 (CDC), as a result of infection of the umbilical stump and the mother being vaccinated only once in two cases with the third case being unknown. It is extremely rare for neonates to contract tetanus.
Hospitals and other health care facilities have implemented Tdap programs designed to screen individual for tetanus vaccinations. Vaccination is required every ten...
.... The antibiotics are also administered to treat infection.
Osteopenia of Prematurity/Neonatal Rickets
This refers to a decrease in the amount of phosphorus and calcium in the bones. The condition is common in babies born prematurely. It occurs when a baby does not get enough of this element from the mother while in the womb. Neonatal rickets occur due to lack of vitamin D. The condition is corrected by adding phosphorus and calcium in breast milk or through IV fluids. Vitamin D supplements can also be given to babies with liver problems.
Short Gut Syndrome
This condition occurs when one is unable to absorb nutrient properly due to small intestine complications. In infants, the...
...Molecular diagnosis of Neonatal mellitus Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is less common form of non-autoimmune diabetes that affects few individuals in all diabetes cases. There is limitation on the efforts to contain this problem among the patients affected due to difficulty in searching for chromosome 6q24 abnormality and correspondence mutations in regions KCNJ11, ABCC8 and INS (Bonnefond et al, 2010). For diagnosis process to be successful, it is important to know the location of the chromosome with abnormality and this form the bulk of this technology. This paper discusses the feasibility of using next-generation sequencing as a whole exome in an attempt to relieve patients suffering from NDM problems. It also present... ., Gallina,...
...Neonatal Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Neonatal Necrotizing Enterocolitis or NNEC is a major health issue among newborns, especially those who are born preterm. The condition is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and contributes to increased cost of health care and prolonged stay in the neonatal intensive care unit. Many neonatal units promote the use of breast milk as enteral feeds for premature babies to prevent NNEC.
"Does use of breast milk as enteral feeds decrease the risk of NNEC in preterm babies when compared to formula feeds?"
Problem: NNEC in preterm newborn babies
P: Preterm newborn babies
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the assignment on your topic
"Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome"
with a personal 20% discount.