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Achieving a Healthy Society - Essay Example

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The paper "Achieving a Healthy Society in Botswana" highlights that the pervasiveness of the problem and the bleak prospect that it affords, not only in Botswana but in the worldwide scene, means stopping the infection at its source is the only real solution…
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Achieving a Healthy Society
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Download file to see previous pages Five to six million people are expected to die in low- and middle-income countries in the next two years if they do not receive antiretroviral treatment, and less than 10% -- an estimated 400,000 or 7% -- had access to HIV treatment as of December 2003 (UNAIDS, 2004, p.1). AIDS is a top health priority worldwide.
Second, only to Swaziland as the hardest-hit country with adult AIDS prevalence rate of 37.3%, life expectancy in Botswana has gone down from 65 years in 1990-1995 to 39.7 years in 2000-2005 (UN, 2004, cited by Fredriksson-Bass, 2005). And yet, the case of Botswana is considered a success story in the eyes of development workers and calls the work there “Africa’s most far-reaching AIDS treatment program” (Timberg, 2005, p.1). Why is that and what are the implications of this to the question of health equity in relation to AIDS treatment in this country?
Equity in health implies that ideally, everyone should have a fair opportunity to attain their full health potential and, more pragmatically, that no one should be disadvantaged from achieving this potential if it can be avoided.
Botswana has several things going for her. It has a well-educated people, a stable government and a relatively well-placed health care program (Farley, 2001). If there was one country in Africa where an ambitious program on AIDS could work, it was Botswana (Farley, 2001, p.1). The regime of President Festus Mogae had the political will to fight the issue. But then, they really had no choice. The first AIDS case was reported in 1985. In 2001, President Mogae said their country was facing extinction (Farley, 2001, p.1). They needed to fight the AIDS scourge. According to Avert, an international charity organization (Fredriksson-Bass, 2005, p.1), the country’s response to the problem can be broken down into three stages. The first stage (1987-1989), was focused mainly on trying to eliminate the risk of HIV transmission through blood transfusion by way of blood screening. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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Achieving a Healthy Society in Botswana Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
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