Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper 'Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder' presents the adolescence stage which is challenging many people. The research study presented by Siegel in his publication shows that some pattern of defiance usually crops at the adolescence stage…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.6% of users find it useful
Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder"

Download file to see previous pages Some children or adolescents may argue, defy their teachers or parents, or talk back. These characteristics are normal as long as they do not exceed a certain limit. Boys indicate defiant characteristics than girls. This paper seeks to establish a difference in treatment given to girls and boys suffering from opposition defiant disorder.

Physician's definition of ODD states that it is a defiant attitude that a person directs towards the authority. In this case, the authority refers to people who directly influence the life of the adolescent. Parents, guardians, or teachers are in direct control of adolescents because of the responsibility that they play in his or her life. ODD has a constant behavioral pattern (Murrihy, 2010), which makes it different from other attitudes observed among children and adolescents. Scholars have not established a distinct difference that appears between girls and boys who suffer from ODD (Graven 2011). The observable symptoms of ODD displayed by children and adolescents are a serious violation of orders, theft, or deceitfulness, destruction of property, and aggression directed to people or animals (Burke,, 2011).

Opposition defiant disorder is evident when a child attains the age of eight years and early stages of adolescence (Cacioppo & Bernston, 2009). Psychologists associate the disorder to a number of factors that contribute to its causes. The broad classifications of the causes are biological factors, psychological factors, and social factors. Psychologically, biological factors influence the brain functions or cognitive development of the child or adolescent. Parental biological factors contribute to ODD in children and adolescents (Murrihy, 2010). A child share fluids from the mother during early developmental stages. Research indicates that a parent that experienced Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or any disorder is likely to pass similar traits to his or her child (Cardo, 2009). Parents who show mood disorders pass these traits to their children (Cacioppo & Bernston, 2009). ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder Term Paper, n.d.)
Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder Term Paper. Retrieved from
(Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder Term Paper)
Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder Term Paper.
“Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder Term Paper”.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

The condition commonly affects individuals during childhood. The concern of the medical authorities regarding ODD can be attributed the high percentage of children diagnosed with the condition. In fact, it is considered as the most commonly diagnosed mental health condition in children (Hamilton and Armando, 2008, p.861). Based on the studies conducted in the community level approximately 3 percent of children have ODD with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV) description as the sole basis. When other parameters and criteria were considered the prevalence ranges from 1 to 16 percent (Hamilton and Armando, 2008, p.861). The paper is aimed to define and to discuss ODD and the different pertine...
17 Pages (4250 words) Term Paper

Oppositional defiant disorder

...? Oppositional Defiant Disorder Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a diagnosis illustrated as an enduring pattern of noncompliant, aggressive and insolent behavior toward influential dignitaries or personage which goes further than the limits and standards of typical childhood behavior. People who have it may appear very willful and often furious. Common features of Oppositional Defiant Disorder or ODD consists of extreme, usually lasting rage, recurrent temper tantrums or angry outbursts, and disregard for authority. Children and adolescents with this disorder frequently irritate others on purpose, condemn others for their errors, and are easily provoked. Parents often observe more rigid and defiant behaviors than with their other siblings...
6 Pages (1500 words) Term Paper

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

The age of onset of this psychiatric problem has been observed as early as three years and the clinical features can be identified easily at the age of eight years. It is very uncommon after adolescence. Boys show a greater ratio of this psychiatric disorder as compared to girls up till puberty and after gaining puberty this ratio becomes equal. (Sadock et al 2009). Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) has various underlying causes and risk factors and it presents with different signs and symptoms and it can be identified by the set diagnostic criteria. The risk factors and etiological factors for ODD are not very clear and the family background, hereditary, environmental and social factors are mostly the underlying causes for the...
5 Pages (1250 words) Research Paper

Boys and Girls by Alice Munro

...?(Add (Add (Add “Boys and Girls" by Alice Munro Alice Munro’s specific approach to represent the prevalent gender-role influence in the society was visible throughout most of her literary works. The Ontario born Canadian fictional story writer, Munro was a great analyst of real-life situations with characterization of imaginary attributes that could correlate the representative models of the society. The author mainly focused on short stories and novels to express the characteristics of both male and female in the social life with the representation of their family and occupational life as a relationship with their perspective responses to challenges and conflicts. In “Boys and Girls”, the author highlights the story of a young girl, who...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay


...? Education Performance Since 1980 - Girls Vs Boys Task: Education Performance Since 1980 - Girls Vs Boys ExecutiveSummary This document extensively analyzes the relationship between the male and female gender as per the statistics on their educational achievement at the various levels of the curriculum of the UK. In so doing, the discussion will be made on the choice and preference of both genders on fields of specialization. This difference will be made distinct along the years from 1980 to date. A comparison of the different genders on achievement will thus be made clear to form a strong basis for the discussions to be made in the other sections. It will also target to achieve an understanding of the sociological explanations concerning...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

...). ODD is not a very common disorder, though a significant population of children suffers from it. “There are various statistics on the incidence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder in the U.S. Numbers range from 2-16% of children and teens in the U.S. have ODD” (Healthy Place, 2012). Children generally start acquiring the ODD at the age of 8 years (Healthy Place, 2012). In a vast majority of cases, children acquire the ODD before the start of teenage, though in certain cases, children may acquire the ODD in the late teenage. The effects of ODD start showing up gradually and aggravate with the passage of time. Causes of ODD A number of theories have surfaced that explain the causes of ODD in children. One of the main causes of ODD in children...
5 Pages (1250 words) Research Paper

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

... disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder overlap while comorbidity of ODD with ADHD has been reported to occur in 50-65% of affected children (Tynan, 2003). The base prevalence of oppositional defiant disorder is estimated within the range of 1.7% -almost 10% depending upon the population being surveyed (e.g. parents, teachers, pediatricians, etc). During the early years of puberty, ODD is more common in boys; in later years of puberty, the incidences of the disorder is practically equal in boys and girls (Rey, 1993). Etiology of ODD is not fully clear, while there is no evidence that it has a unique etiology. Similarly to other developmental and behavioral childhood disorders, the origins of ODD is explained from several distinct stances...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Raising Boys and Girls: Which is Easier

... Raising Boys and Girls Parenting plays an important role in raising good citizens and well rounded human beings (Yeatman, 2004, Pg. 404). However, parents may find that raising one particular gender is easier than the other. In fact, it seems that it is the individual child and the parenting method which will truly define whether a child is easy to raise or difficult to raise but on the whole it appears that girls are easier to raise than boys. There are three compelling reasons for this and the first is expert opinion which supports the argument, the second is the attention seeking nature of boys and the third is emotional vulnerability of boys. This can be shown to be true with evidence gathered from various sources as well as personal...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder

...Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder Almost all children exhibit moody or destructive behaviors at some point during their adolescence. Door slamming, talking back to adults, bursting into tears, and sudden swings in mood are just a part of growing up. For some children, these behaviors become destructive toward themselves or other people. Those children just cross the line too often and in too powerful a way. The younger the child and the more disruptive the behavior, the more likely it is that a professional could diagnose oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). What is ODD? Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a conduct disorder as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). It is related to ADD...
8 Pages (2000 words) Term Paper

Mental Disorder and Criminal Offending

One of the notable cases that may be cited in the history of Britain is that of Peter Fuller, who was also known as Jack the Ripper and who has now been identified as a schizophrenic. Ainsley has detailed the stories of several women such as Mary Ann Brough, who slashed the throats of all her six children in an insane rage. (Ainsley, 2000).
Modern instances of horrific crimes committed by people who are mentally ill would include cases such as that of Thomas Hamilton who entered a classroom one day and killed the Mayor and sixteen children and injured several others (www. and that of Horret Campbell who entered a primary school and lashed out at the children with a machete. (Verkaik, 2001). Such horrific crimes re...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment

History of the Mental Illness: Bipolar Disorder

... alternative to Lithium. It is effective in acute mania (Bowden et al, 1994), rapid cycling and mixed states, with comorbid substance abuse and in secondary bipolar disorder (Calabrese et al, 1996). Gastrointestinal, sedative and hematological (thromobocytopenia and leucopenia) side-effects with Divalproex (DVPX) appear to be associated with serum levels above 700 mmols/l (Bowden et al, 1993). There are several other treatments present today such as Carbamazepine (CBZ), ECT, Typical neuroleptics, Benzodiazepines, Antidepressants etc. and it has definitely advances from the earlier treatments. These treatments have definitely made their impression in medical science today and have helped many who suffer from it. When compared...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Curing Attention Deficit Disorder

Media Article: In “Curing Nature Deficit Disorder”, Patrick Tucker investigates the claim made by Richard Louv in his book “Last Child in the Woods” to the effect that when a child is deprived of adequate "nature exposure", i.e., support, care, attentive parenting and social interaction, his/her physical and mental health will be negatively impacted. This can result in, diminished sensory perception, attention deficit and higher rates of physical and emotional illness. Louv further argues that getting back to nature may help children cope with ADHD. He supports his argument by citing several studies that provide strong evidence that outdoor activities alleviate two ADHD symptoms: inattentiveness and fluctua...
6 Pages (1500 words) Term Paper

The Impact of Comic Books on Boys and Girls

Marvel comics made the first important steps in the particular sector – at the decade of 1960s, the firm presented through its books a series of innovative stories that have until today a significant influence to the public - the characters and the appearance of the stars of Marvel and the other firms that govern the specific sector since the decade of 1960 will be analyzed in the sections that follow. The current paper refers to a specific aspect of the particular sector (comic books): the perspectives of the firms operating in this industry on boys and girls; special reference is made to the change of these perspectives from the 1960s until today. Marvel is used – among other firms – as indicative example of th...
15 Pages (3750 words) Research Proposal

The Experiences of Boys and Girls in the Context of a Romantic Relationship

... origin are positively associated with the quality of romantic relationships. Giordano, Longmore, & Manning (2006) carried out another study using a symbolic interactionist perspective to examine the experiences of boys and girls in the context of a romantic relationship. The study focuses on the nature of communication, emotion and influence within that relationship. Although it thoroughly discusses findings of other studies on adolescent romantic relationships, it focuses on boys’ romantic perspectives. Interviews with adolescent boys involved in romantic relationships were done in private, and it was found that an examination of reports of feelings of love across the total sample does not reveal a significant gender difference...
17 Pages (4250 words) Case Study

Social-Emotional Behavioural Disorder

...Social Emotional Behavioural Disorder (SEBD) Table of Content Introduction 3 Different perspective of Social Emotional and Behavioural Disorder – Education 4 Examination of evidences 5 Role of the professionals 7 Evaluation of theories and approaches to inter agency working with SEBD students 8 Conclusion 10 References 11 Bibliographies 13 Introduction Behaviour is an important factor that determines the learning capabilities of an individual. Behaviour can be manifested orally or through actions. Thus any kind of hindrance that is produced in behaviour will affect the learning of individual. The following paper will investigate the fact that how children suffering from Social Emotional and Behavioural disorders can be imparted...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Contrast of Two Explanations of Social Disorder in Contemporary UK Society

As the process of urbanization takes off and more people start residing in major cities, the fissures start to appear within the apparent harmonious co-existence. There are several reasons why disorderly conduct on part of individuals and groups takes place. Sociologists have proposed numerous theories explaining this phenomenon.

Erving Goffman was an astute observer of society, who immersed himself in the social environment which he was studying. He carefully observed and recorded the ways in which people’s behavior and interpersonal interactions are carried out in everyday life. He notes that “people perform their social roles and, as they do so, they produce social order through their actions and the regu...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

... as a support group to help them understand and overcome the fear they have towards the situation (Smith, 2004). As aforementioned, most symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress order need to be treated on an individual basis. Sleeplessness, a lack of concentration, depression and difficulty controlling certain emotions can be treated in the same ways that they would be if they were just individual issues with a person who was not suffering from PTSD. Prozac and Zoloft are very common in the treatment of a few of the symptoms previously mentioned. Management Post-traumatic stress disorder effects three types of people - the person that either witnessed or experienced the event and was later diagnosed with PTSD, other people...
24 Pages (6000 words) Term Paper

Analysis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder

...ABSTRACT Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a mental disorder characterized by recurrent incidences of negative, hostile disobedient and defiant behavioral attribute directed towards people of authority, existing for a period longer than six months. These behavior types are common among toddlers and preschoolers and specific guidelines for diagnosis are listed by the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders DSM-IV-TR. The disorder is identified commonly in children aged 3 -9 years, occurs irrespective of gender and is usually observed as comorbidity with ADHD. Biological, temperamental as well as behavioral factors contribute to origin and development of the disorder, and management is possible through parent child training...
12 Pages (3000 words) Research Paper

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

There has also been a long debate and research over the question that whether parents should medicate a child with ADHD. Many doctors and analysts say that medication is the best solution for such children; others say medication should simply not be used on children so young, and some say that medication should never be used alone or as a substitute for other treatments.
The current treatments that are available for ADHD are for reducing the symptoms and improving functioning. There are no specific treatments that could completely cure the disorder. This is because there are primarily no biological tests that would show that a child is suffering from AHDH, these are merely symptoms that would help in the diagnosis (Passmore 1...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment

Media Impact on Young Girls

The article will focus on the challenges the young girls go through trying to look like the women they see in the media.
The modeling industry puts much pressure on young girls who want to be models to have a perfect body shape. Teenagers are the ones that are most affected by the pressure from the women they see to be perfect. Having a healthy body weight is considered as being fat and thus not ideal for any teenager. Reading magazines and seeing how thin the models look is a source of inspiration for many young girls around the world. There are girls whose dreams and aspirations are to become a model, but they are not thin enough to be good at the job. The idealization of the small frame has had a lot of adverse effects on...
6 Pages (1500 words) Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Girls and Boys Suffering from Opposition Defiant Disorder for FREE!

Contact Us