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Health care - Essay Example

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is one of the operating components of United States Department of Health and Human Services that is mainly concerned with the health of the public (Lesser, 2010, n.p.). CDC has many public health programs to improve the…
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Health Care The essay aims to address a two-fold objective to wit to summarize an article in the CDC.gov; and (2) to discuss how this problem impacts your immediate community.
Health Care
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is one of the operating components of United States Department of Health and Human Services that is mainly concerned with the health of the public (Lesser, 2010, n.p.). CDC has many public health programs to improve the society’s health status. Some of the programs are promoting healthy living, prevention of injury and violence, safety, environmental health and hazard, immunizations and others (CDC, 2011, n.p.).
Vaccinations and Immunizations are some of the public health services that utilizes by the community people. Vaccination pertains to the administration of vaccine that contains a pathogen and antigen to boost immune system of the body. Vaccines are classified into two, the active and passive forms (Cavendish, 2008, p. 446). Immunization is a method to challenge immune system and prevent serious life-threatening diseases and it works to defend the body when germs or bacteria invade the system (Kaneshiro, 2010, n.p.).
According to CDC in 2011, there are recommended schedules to follow in giving vaccination. For example, hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine is given at a minimum age early after birth, and then the next dose is 1-2 months of age, the third and fourth doses are given earlier than 24 weeks of the child. Rotavirus vaccine and DPT or diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus is given in 6 weeks of age and the next dose is administered as early as 12 months. Haemophilus Influenzae type B conjugate vaccine, pneumococcal vaccine, influenza, and poliovirus vaccine are also given in 6 weeks old. The final dose of the oral polio vaccine is given at least 6 months following the previous dose. The vaccines that are administered in 12 months of age are the MMR (Measles, Mumps and Rubella) vaccine, varicella, hepatitis A, and meningococcal vaccine. Compliance of the schedule is really important, and if doses are missed, one needs to consult the doctor for the catch-up schedule. Vaccine prevents diseases and illness so that CDC works hand in hand with the public health agencies and private sectors to increase the public’s awareness regarding immunizations. The different diseases that can be prevented are measles, diphtheria, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella, tuberculosis, hepatitis A and B, and many more. Any vaccine can cause side effects but it is a normal response of the body to the pathogen introduce to the immune response. The minors side effects are a sore arm, low grade fever that can be manage by giving anti-pyretic, nausea and vomiting, redness, warmth, or swelling, or even poor appetite that diminishes after few days of immunization. There are also uncommon side effects of vaccine that needs to be addressed immediately, such as serious allergic reaction, high grade fever, and convulsions that may lead to brain damage if left untreated.
In relation to the community, the different community health centers implement a quality, efficient and effective immunizations. Based upon observation, the schedule of immunization is every Wednesday and each parent has their own health record to monitor the vaccine that the children are receiving. Community health workers conduct surveys and list all immunized children in the community, indicating that public health services such as immunization is utilized effectively in the community.

References
Cavendish, M. (2008). Diseases and Disorders. Immune System Disorders (2nd ed.) (p. 443-455). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Department of Health and Human Services. (2011, February 4). Vaccines and Immunizations. Retrieved on November 29, 2011 from http://www.cdc.gov/
Kaneshiro, N.K. (2010, December 15). Immunizations- general overview. Medline Plus, n.p. Retrieved on November 29, 2011 from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002024.html
Lesser, E.S. (2010, December 15). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The New York Times, n.p. Retrieved on November 29, 2011 from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002024.html Read More
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