Compare the approach to state welfare provision in the period 1906-1911 with that of the Poor law Amendment Act of 1834 in England Britain. What were the main reasons for this change of approach
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Compare the approach to state welfare provision in the period 1906-1911 with that of the Poor law Amendment Act of 1834 in England Britain. What were the main reasons for this change of approach - Essay Example
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Extract of sample Compare the approach to state welfare provision in the period 1906-1911 with that of the Poor law Amendment Act of 1834 in England Britain. What were the main reasons for this change of approach
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es that many rural parish vestries were dominated by farmers who were hiring labour because of the principle of determining the right to vote according to the size of property occupied. In 1834, the Poor Law Amendment Act was adopted and this minimised the political power of farmers who were hiring labour leading to a reduction in relief expenditure (Marshall 1985). Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, parishes were grouped into Poor Law unions and by 1839, many of them had been grouped and had already built or were constructing workhouses. The able bodied and their families were receiving outdoor relief (Blaug,1963) through these Poor Law unions.
Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, various orders were issued and this includes the 1842 Outdoor Labour Test Order and the 1844 Outdoor Relief Prohibitory Order. The 1842 Outdoor Labour Test Order was meant to regulate the giving of relief to able-bodied males. Under this order, males who were able-bodied could only be given outdoor relief if they accepted to work by the union. These were unions that did not have workhouses or those in which the enforcement of the workhouse test was not possible (MacKinnon, 1987).
As for the 1844 Outdoor Relief Prohibitory Order, this order prohibited the giving of outdoor relief to males and females who were able bodied except on account of sudden and urgent necessity and sickness. Many people did not agree on how the local administration of relief was impacted on by the New Poor Law or rather, the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834. As a result, this Act was followed by other amendments which were supported by a change in attitude of poor people towards relief (Fraser 1976).
Between the years 1906-1911, the British parliament passed Liberal welfare reforms. Liberal welfare reforms are a collective term used to refer to many social welfare legislations. These laws provided for free medical inspections, treatment and meals for needy school children and pensions provided on weekly basis
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The reason to create the changes is remove many financial barriers which are plenty in the system that is available. The rationale of the system is to ensure that there are returns from works done and so to encourage people to see that work is the main outlet from poverty.
It consists of three main innovations: first, it explicitly prohibits a state agent or public official from violating the rights enshrined in the ECHR, second, it allows UK courts to hear human rights cases without the applicant or complainant having to go to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, Austria; and third, it harmonises UK legislation with the rights embodied in the ECHR, such that if a particular piece of UK legislation is susceptible of two interpretations, the interpretation consistent with the ECHR shall be upheld.
This law operated for a very long time until the emergence of modern welfare state, which was perceived to provide solutions to the shortfalls of the Poor Laws (Basley and Coate 1992 p.249). The legislation of the English Poor Laws can be traced back to 1536, when a law was passed by the national assembly to deal with impotent poor, to operate alongside Tudor laws that dealt mostly with problems caused by beggars and vagrants.
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With the monasteries declining and social structures breaking down, the lords were increasingly becoming accountable for their tenants and enacted the collection of alms, known as the “poor rate”, from each parish to cater
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