Laser As A Medical Device - Term Paper Example

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This paper “Laser As A Medical Device” describes the revolutionary development in the field of laser and eye surgery, which is known as LASIK.  This refractive eye surgery has undergone a lot of research due to which there are several types of LASIK in the field today…
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Laser As A Medical Device
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Download file to see previous pages In the mid-1800’s, a physician J. Ball devised the first concept for correction of vision. He presented a cup that contained a spring-loaded mallet which supposedly flattened the cornea by striking it through the eyelid. He claimed that it restored eyesight and made it possible to see clearly without the dependence on glasses.Then in Japan, principles of transverse and radial keratotomy (RK) were established by Dr.Tutomu. This approach proved unsuccessful as the corneas on which he operated became cloudy and swollen, due to the destruction of the important inner layer of the cornea. In the 1960’s, Dr. Fyordorov in the former USSR,   converted the incisions to the front of the cornea, and by making cuts 90% through the thickness of the cornea and was able to devise a system of correction. This way commendable development took place in the mid-1980's to early 1990's and RK reached its peak. A milestone paper was published in 1983 by Dr. Stephen Trokel in the American Journal of Ophthalmology. It outlined the benefits and potential of using the excimer laser for eye surgeries and to reshape the cornea for correctness of vision. Jose Ignacio Barraquer, M.D. of Bogota, Columbia, is the man who is known as the ‘father of refractive surgery’ and marked the beginnings of LASIK. Dr. Barraquer’s notion on the subject was to remove or add sufficient tissue to change the shape of the cornea and thus refraction of the eye. After some development, he combined the precision of the excimer laser in his procedures. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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