Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases among Elderly People - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This proposal aims to study the effect of folic acid on the elderly in terms of the risk of coronary artery disease as relevant to the prevention of thrombosis in preexisting atherosclerotic heart disease in terms of incidence of myocardial infarction…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases among Elderly People
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases among Elderly People"

Download file to see previous pages l screen the medical records and exclude patients who have a history of coronary heart diseases or patients who are taking drugs known to interfere with folic acid, or taking vitamin supplements containing folic acid. Patients will be eligible for inclusion if aged 65 years or more and if their medical histories include two or more of the following conditions: diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity or smoking. All eligible individuals will receive a letter from the hospital explaining the study, followed by a telephone call inviting them to attend the first visit and instructing them to fast from midnight the night before the visit. At the first visit, all baseline measurements will be taken. Research nurses will take general information, such as, name, age, sex, phone number, address, smoking history, marital status, socioeconomic factors, and the names and phone numbers of two or three friends or relatives who always know how to reach the participants. Drugs history including aspirin or other anticoagulants, antihypertensive, anti-angina, and lipid-lowering drugs will be reviewed. Study procedures will be explained to all subjects. Subjects who are unlikely to complete follow-up due to plans to move or due to disease likely to be fatal within 4 years, or unwilling to participate will be excluded from the study.
Ethics: All subjects will be explained the study protocol, and a written informed consent will be obtained from each subject about the free will to participate in the study, and this study will be reviewed by Saudi Government Ethics Committee.
Baseline Measurements: Baseline measurements will include the measurement of the outcome variables which will be demonstrated by the medical history from the medical records and electrocardiogram and cardiac enzymes level (troponin I, creatine phosphokinase (CPK, CK), and lactic acid dehydrogenase, LDH) to make sure that the CHD is not present at the outset. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases among Elderly Essay”, n.d.)
Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases among Elderly Essay. Retrieved from
(Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases Among Elderly Essay)
Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases Among Elderly Essay.
“Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases Among Elderly Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases among Elderly People

Heart diseases risk factors

...Introduction Heart diseases are conventionally associated with many diseases that occur in many patients. Some of these diseases are commonly identifies as depression, anxiety and stress disorders. In this regard, studies indicate that most unhealthy people are so reluctant living a healthy lifestyle oblivious of the risk factors associated with heart disease. According to (Paula, Ken, & Laura, 2011) heart disease is a collection of conditions that affect structure and hear functions. These heart conditions include coronary artery disease, heart attack, congenital, and rheumatic disease. Heart diseases have been documented as the leading killer disease in U.S with about 700,000 deaths reporting illustrating a 29% of deaths. Heart diseases...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Psychosocial Aspects of Coronary Heart Disease in the Elderly

...? Psychosocial Aspects of Coronary Heart Disease in the Elderly al affiliation Psychosocial Aspects of Coronary Heart Disease in the Elderly Coronary arteries in the heart may become narrow or blocked due to deposits of cholesterol and other fats on the inner side. This narrowing or blockage is known as coronary heart disease (CHD). The arteries function abnormally due to restricted blood flow caused by the obstruction. The heart is deprived of oxygen and nutrients, and the patient may suffer from chest pains. Total obstruction may deprive the heart muscles of energy completely resulting in a heart attack. According to Marmot and Elliot (2005), more than 80% of deaths from CHD occur in people over 65 years old. A combination of blood...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Independence among Elderly

...CHAPTER ONE Independence among Elderly: Helping Older People to Live Independently in Their Homes Introduction The objective of the dissertation Older people are known to suffer from illnesses more often than young people, as well as develop diseases or medical conditions that are related to old age, and which require support, medical and otherwise. It has been shown that a global demographic transition is occurring, and the percentage of old people in the world is rapidly growing (Young, Robinson, Chell, Sanderson, Chaplin, Burns et al., 2005). This suggests the need to pay more attention to the subject of treating elderly people, offering them sufficient and proper care for their various special needs and promoting their independence so...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Folate or Folic Acid

Dementia and pernicious anemia can develop and both conditions are reversible if caught early.
 Common uses of folic acid are to protect against birth defects, reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke, lower the risk for certain cancers and the alleviation of depression, particularly in elderly people.
 The occurrence of NTDs in the USA is estimated to have been reduced by 19% following folic acid fortification of grain products in the food supply. The Reference Nutrient Intake (RNI) for folate for adults is 200 micrograms/day.
 Folic acid is PGA itself, and this form is not present in significant quantities in foods or in the human body. The natural derivatives of PGA found in most foods have a bioav...

23 Pages(5750 words)Essay

Diseases among Elderly People

...Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases among Elderly People A Research Proposal By ARC Key Centre of Teachingand Research University of Wollongong Introduction: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the greatest killer of this century for the elderly. CAD primary leads to myocardial infarction due to compromise of blood supply to the muscles of the heart or myocardium. The disease that involves the coronary arteries is known as atherosclerosis. This causes hardening of the arteries due to deposition of excess lipids in the arterial wall leading to narrowing of the coronary arteries. Narrowing of the coronary arteries may critically reduce the cross-sectional area of the artery and reduce blood flow...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Diet and coronary heart disease

...Coronary (or ischaemic) heart kills more than 100,000 people in England every year (DOH, 2002). About 5 million people suffer angina pectoris and 5 of them have a heart attacks and arrhytmias. In some ethnic subgroups the occurrence of the disease is even higher, e.g. mortality in Indian Asians living in the UK remains 38% higher in men and 43% higher in women compared to Europeans (Kooner, 1997). Fortunately, it is a preventable disease. Diet is considered to be a key risk factor for coronary disease. Nevertheless the awareness of the population about the ways of diet modification is still low. High calorie intake and related to it obesity is the major risk factor – obese people have hisgher risk of coronary heart disease. Consequently...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Folic acid and b12

... elements of the DNA (Wilton & Foureur 256). Determining the level of folic acid in the serum of individuals can help determine ones choice of folate supplement that may be recommended for them to help improve their nutrition status and improve their medical condition (De Wals et al 34). If the level of folic acid is very low, the individuals may have a weak immune system because of the low levels of white blood cells in blood. This may also imply that the individual with lower levels of folic acid have poor nutritional statuses especially in the case of alcoholics. In this case therefore, it may be significant to increase the level of folic acid of the individuals so as to improve their medical situation. The type of folate to be used...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Coronary Heart Disease

Cardiovascular disease is a term that is associated with a disorder that develops in the cardiovascular system. It is linked to atherosclerosis, which is commonly referred to as an arterial disease. As such, coronary heart disease has several risk factors (De Santo et al. 2013). Individuals have at least a single coronary heart disease risk factor, which differs in terms of nature of risk development and severity. These risk factors for heart disease include those that are non-modifiable and those, which are modifiable. Non-modifiable risk factors include age and history of the family. These factors cannot be changed since they are inherent in the entire life of a person. Modifiable risk factors are termed so since they can be tre...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Proposal

Coronary Heart Disease

... consumption of drugs is also another sector that is highly addressed in order for the citizens of the country to avoid excessive consumption of alcohol and enhance having a healthy nation. A study was carried out to help better understanding of the issue in Merced County, using both qualitative and quantitative data gathering methods. It should focus on unearthing the prevalence of coronary disease among residents. References 1. Coronary Artery Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Last updated May 9, 2014. Accessed September 24, 2014.  2. Heart Disease and Stroke. Healthy People 2020. Last...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Coronary heart disease in the UK

.... In the UK, there are about 2.3 million persons living with the disease. Around the world, approximately 2 million people are affected by coronary heart disease. As people grow old, they become more likely to get CHD; Men are more likely to suffer from the disease when they are much younger as compared to women (Mozaffarian et al. 2015). The high number of deaths caused by coronary heart disease requires immediate intervention in order to curb its spread. It is important to study the condition in order to know its causes, symptoms and establish how to treat it. Causes of coronary heart disease The building up of fatty deposits on the walls of the arteries that directs blood to the heart causes coronary heart disease. The fat deposits...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Are Social Timing Deficits More Pronounced In People With Atypical Diagnosis Of Autism

It is a severe developmental disorder that affects the way a child sees and interacts with the rest of the world. It limits their ability to interact with others socially and most of the times try to avoid human contact. It is also a part of a large group of disorders called pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) (, 2005).

In 1908, Eugen Bleuler a Swiss psychiatrist coined the word "autism" in schizophrenic patients who screened themselves off and were self-absorbed. Leo Kanner while at Johns Hopkins first identified autism in 1943 when he described 11 self-absorbed children who had following common traits: impairments in social interaction anguish for changes, good memory, belated echolalia, over se...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

How Tomatoes Can Help Your Heart

Whether tomato is a fruit or vegetable? Well, this question can be answered in both ways. Botanically, tomato is a fruit but it is so frequently used as a culinary item all over the world, it is also considered as a vegetable. Long time back, the tomato was considered as fruit and helped the exporters to avoid taxation but 1893 the Supreme Court put an over this dispute by declaring that tomato was a vegetable and since that time onwards, tomatoes were taxed accordingly. Keeping in harmony with this tradition, till date tomatoes are served as entrée and very rarely as dessert. Apart from side dishes, wide array of main course dishes are also prepared from tomatoes and these dishes are regarded considered as lip-smacking cui...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Are Disabled People Going To Be Winners Or Losers

This dissertation will, therefore, establish whether the White Paper will bring real benefits to the disabled or whether the concerns of organizations working for the disabled are actually well-founded.

People who are in work have better opportunities to improve their lives and consequently visit their GPs less often. Even their children and partners benefit. It gives many people self-esteem, companionship, and status.

The initial aim, therefore, is to investigate whether the provisions in the White Paper can theoretically deliver these benefits. This will provide an opportunity to identify any loopholes or gaps in the government’s plan.

The second aim is to then consider the objections to th...
6 Pages(1500 words)Dissertation

Causes of Illegal Drugs Consumption Among Women

... among individuals. The researchers have focused their study on the students and young people and have proved the very fact that use of illegal drugs is the outcome of biological and environmental factors too, and only domestic turbulences do not drag the young generation towards drug consumption. On the contrary, Mubeen & Sharif declare decline in family bondage and giving up of observing ethical values and moral obligations result in the deterioration of the youth of society and subsequent chemical dependency. “The effects of drug use not only on drug users themselves”, observes Marina Barnard, “but also the feelings of anger, sadness, anxiety, shame and loss that are commonly experienced by their extended family.” (2006: p 31) Cirakoglu...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Health Needs Assessment among Internally Displaced People in Southern Darfur State

In the recent past, Sudan has gone through a very serious humanitarian crisis, rated by as among the worst in the world. This crisis has led to thousands of Sudanese being displaced from their homes. The crisis was a series of civil wars that have characterized the Southern Sudan regions, and quite recently the Darfur region. The conflict in the Darfur region is among the most recent crises in Sudan and has as a result drawn global attention. According to the UN, the Darfur conflict emerged as the worst crisis in the year 2003 as far as humanitarian aspects are concerned (UNEP/OCHA, 2004 pp 6).

So far, the Darfur crisis has led to the internal displacement of more than two million citizens. In the year 2008, the UN esti...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

Drugs that Bind DNA to Treat Diseases

...Topic: Drugs that bind DNA to treat diseases (selected disease: cancer) Part A- (word count excluding the three citations = 459 The following keywords and keyword combination were used to search for articles on drugs that bind DNA to treat diseases: “Drug-DNA interactions AND cancer;” “DNA binding AND anti-cancer drugs” 2. To find articles on the given topic, PubMed Central was selected as the database for the search. Pubmed Central (PMC) is a digital archive or electronic storage of biomedical and life science journals of the U.S. National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health. It is a feature of the homepage of the National Center for Biotechnology Information ( Pubmed Central has...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Malnutrition: A Long Standing Problem among Children

Poverty majorly affects young children and it makes infants very prone to being malnourished. In Africa the situation is probably the worst when compared with any other continent, poverty has completely overshadowed the development of the people there and several young children die because of malnourishment. People who cannot afford even one square meal a day are the ones who are predominantly affected by malnourishment.

 Nutrition is pivotal for growth and progression of normal life and also a disease-free life. It is imperative for everybody and much more important in the case of children and infants because they are in their maximum growth stage. Malnutrition at this stage can have serious repercussions for the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Music in The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter

Regarding the theme of the novel, McCullers has commented that she had in her mind the Southerners when writing the novel and the southerners are more anguished. (Virginia Spencer Carr, 2005). It is the spiritual estrangement and the loneliness of the southerners that she sketched through the characters of Mick and John Singer. Like the character of Mick, John Singer’s character also attracts the attention of the readers and one feels resemblance in their characteristic appearance in the novel. Reading through the novel, one can see the vital role of music that dominates from the beginning to the end—especially through Mick Kelly’s infatuation to music, and it has direct connotations to the author who wished to b...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

People as Cultural Beings and the Christian Posture

In recent times questions regarding the impact of Christianity over culture have become so prevalent that several of the modern intellectual disciplines consider it an archetype of orthodoxy that is aimed at restraining the newer cultural trends (Niebuhr 1956 p. 1-2).
However, the existing historical shreds of evidence clearly convey that despite Christianity has always been one of the most important factors in the context of determining people’s reciprocation towards a particular cultural trend, but different civilizations at different points of time have denied the impact of the Christian culture as those perceived that it can be a threat against individuality of their respective cultural tends, “Not only Jews b...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

People, Organisations and Management

Organizations and their management styles have evolved to a great extent in the service and manufacturing industry over the last century, and so have been the concepts of management and its functions. These evolutions can be traced to significant developments brought about by the industrial revolution, scientific management principles such as Taylorism and Fordism, transition of feudalistic to capitalistic approach and others in different sectors of manufacturing industries. However, the beginning of the industrial revolution was characterized by a rigid hierarchical bureaucratic way of organizing business enterprises, a style prevalent even today but only in military service organizations. Nevertheless, the manufacturing and busi...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Folic Acid Supplementation and Coronary Heart Diseases among Elderly People for FREE!

Contact Us