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Tuberculosis - Essay Example

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This paper discusses the epidemiology and risk pattern as well as evaluates current national and international health programs to combat TB. Many people have the notion that tuberculosis has been put under control. However, it has re-emerged as a major global health problem. …
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Download file to see previous pages According to the essay "Tuberculosis" findings, on the aspect of gender, TB remains to be one of the leading causes of death among women of reproductive age, although there are some countries like Morocco where the cases of TB in men are increasing (Stop TB Partnership 2002). As for other risk factors, smoking more than twenty cigarettes daily is said to increase the risk of TB by two- to four times (Davis, Yew, Ganguly, et al 2006). Apart from this, there are also cases wherein TB is contracted due to the weakening of immune systems due to the use of immunosuppressive drugs, substance abuse and HIV or AIDS (Global Tuberculosis Control 2006). In view of the discussion above, it can be seen that data available may not be sufficiently powerful or still incomplete to fully determine the pattern of TB globally. However, the data highly suggest that the epidemiology of the disease among young men and women could be instrumental in controlling the spread of the disease in developed countries as well as in Asian nations with high incidence rates (Global Tuberculosis Control 2007). Incidence of TB has substantially declined from the period health authorities recognized the re-emergence of the disease. Despite the significant reduction in prevalence and death rates, cases are not yet falling at a sufficient rate to achieve the targets set by WHO by 2015 (Global Tuberculosis Control 2007). In this regard, improvements in both national and international health programs to fight TB may still be considered and eventually undertaken. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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