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Electroencephalography and Epilepsy - Case Study Example

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Epilepsy is a condition of the nervous system causing instability of electrical signaling in the brain that affects 2.5 million Americans. Data depicts the prevalence of epilepsy that 180,000 people are diagnosed with epilepsy every year (What is epilepsy)…
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Electroencephalography and Epilepsy
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Download file to see previous pages This generate an electrical seizure, the affected person may lose consciousness or seem unaware of what's going on, and make involuntary motions (movements the person has no control over, such as jerking or thrashing one or more parts of the body), or experience unusual feelings. After a seizure, he or she may feel tired, weak, or confused (What is epilepsy). These changes are known as epileptic seizures (What is epilepsy). They occur due to the disruption of electrical activity of overactive electrical discharges, causing momentary communication problem. Due to recurrence of seizures epilepsy is also known as seizure disorder (What is epilepsy).
It is manifested that seizure is a symptom of epilepsy but not all seizures cause epilepsy as some seizures are triggered by drug, high fever, severe head injury, diabetes, some heart conditions and narcolepsy. When a person experiences repeated seizures without any obvious reason, it is the case of epilepsy. Epilepsy is not a fainting disorder or a momentary confusion, forgetfulness, or a lack of concentration or any kind of catatonia. It is not contagious nor it causes any kind of mental illness (What is epilepsy).
Epilepsy is not contagious. There is no clear demarcation to outline causes of epilepsy in a particular individual. But through research results, scientists have given pinpoint reasons where individuals are likely to develop epilepsy: a brain injury (ABI) due to accidents, an infection or illness that affected the brain development in fetus or due to lack of oxygen to infant during birth, meningitis encephalitis, brain tumor or strokes, poisoning are a few causal reasons (Epilepsy).
Seizures are not painful but affect different people in different ways. Two broad categories of epileptic seizures are: partial and generalized (Epilepsy).
Partial seizures they start in one part of the brain and may either remain localized and stay in one area until the seizure is over or budge the electrical disturbances to other parts of the brain (Epilepsy). A person having a partial seizure may lose consciousness and there is a twitching of finger or several fingers, a hand or arm, or a leg or foot even some facial muscles may twitch. Under this condition, speech might become slurred, unclear, or unusual (Epilepsy). Epilepsy temporarily affects vision and the patient may feel tingling throughout one side of the body. This indicates the condition of the brain where abnormal electrical activity is taking place (Epilepsy). Partial seizures encompass- simple partial seizures, complex partial seizures, secondarily generalized seizures (Types of seizures).
Generalized seizures in this, electrical disturbances happen all over the brain at the same time. Under this condition the individual appear to be either daydreaming, or may stare into space, or may pass out. Due to stiffening of muscles the person might make sudden jerking motions by flinging the arms outward. The condition further worsens as the individual may suddenly go limp and slump down or fall over (Epilepsy). Primary generalized seizures encompass- absence seizures, atypical absence seizures, myoclonic seizures, atonic seizures, clonic seizures, tonic clonic seizures (Types of seizures).
A neurologist performs a physical examination, taking into consideration about the past health of the individual and family and kind of medication one is taking especially for allergy. To ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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