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The Psychology of Decision Making and Risk - Essay Example

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The health is considered to be the most precious gift for every individual, although it requires special care people often tend to be careless in their health related issues which causes persistent problems later on. According to Kolbe, Lloyd[2004], in United States around three-quarters of populace above 25 years of age face fatalities in which 41% are caused by stroke and other heart diseases, 24% by cancer, 4% by (COPD) chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases like asthma and bronchitis and 3% caused by diabetes…
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The Psychology of Decision Making and Risk
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Download file to see previous pages Hence the need to counter such issues has further augmented in recent years.
The recent years have witnessed a marked increase in the study of human risks factors involving health, its reasons as well as the techniques to counter them. People take intentional and unintentional health risks that affect the body in soon after. The reason is often being low esteem or just to create a high in an otherwise normal life. Youngsters today engage in unhealthyand dangerous practice like drug overdoses and precarious intimacy with multiple partners gauging the level of protection and as a result face severe complications eventually [Jessor, 1998].
Ingenuously, unhealthy eating habits have made obesity the common problem of today, ranging from a child to adults the sedentary lifestyle has further boosted this issue. Journals and researches are targeting such conditions in society and helping them to cope with it by incorporating good eating habits and comprise regular exercise. Losing as little as five percent of the total body weight lowers the risks for several diseases since overweight individuals are exposed to a number of health risks like
type 2 diabetes
coronary heart disease and stroke
metabolic syndrome
certain types of cancer
sleep apnea
gallbladder disease
fatty liver disease
Pregnancy complications. [Do you know the health risks of being overweight, n.d.]
It has been estimated that men are more susceptible to deaths as a result of alcohol related problems globally. In 1997, 3290 alcohol related deaths occurred in Australia of which 70% were men [Alcohol and men's health, n.d.]. There are health guidelines issues by the concerned authorities which must be kept in mind before taking such risks that ultimately result in inexorable complications. However, women and adolescents who drink increasingly are at threat as well, therefore researches are being conducted that provide health information to public so that they are well aware of the risks involved in such conditions.
As much as premeditated risks are causing hazards for health, environmental problems are also jeopardizing human health these days. Several researches conducted at LBNL have illustrated the sub-lethal consequences of ecological contamination especially in aquatic ranges. Dumping of toxic wastes in lakes and trash burning has induced multiple affect s on the environment that eventually impinges the human health. People should be vigilant regarding the environmental issues and cooperate with the concerned authorities to counter them. Researchers like Dr. Doug Barofsky and Jennifer Field etc. [centre research, OSU] tests and introduces the care measure that should be taken to protect one from the harmful environmental effects.
Schools can play the most important part in inducing an appropriate lifestyle and care by introducing health plans and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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