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Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology - Essay Example

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Any suspect of change in behaviour usually felt after brain damage or brain injury or any abnormality arising from brain disorder is called 'Clinical Neuropsychology' (CN) while experimental neuropsychology (EN) deals with the study of investigating human nervous system, thereby conducting laboratory assessment of human beings.
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Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
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Download file to see previous pages (Maruish & Moses, 1997, p. 60) It can be said that EN deals with the proven methods of verifying CN with the help of conducting various tests and experiments not only on humans but also to some extent on animals.
The relationship between clinical and experimental neuropsychology contains many aspects which are clear from the study of various psychosocial domains of brain diseases. In every cognitive domain there are aspects of language, visual perception, memory attention, and abstract reasoning, it is possible to find intriguing examples of dissociations within a specific cognitive function or otherwise curious distortions of the normal process. (Maruish & Moses, 1997, p. 59) The association between CN and EN can be depicted from those cases which are within any given cognitive function and are aware of the fact that a whole range of things can go wrong in not tested; conversely, a specific deficit in memory, attention, or language can manifest itself in a variety of interesting ways. The relationship highlights and bridges the gap between those particular disorders to its assessment.
Loss of intellectual power is a common consequence of brain disease. ...
An example of the application of this procedure is the National Adult Reading Test (NART) (H. E. Nelson, 1982). Here the patient is asked to read aloud 50 words with irregular pronunciation (thyme, ache), in order to verify the test. The ability to pronounce words correctly is not lost until a late stage in dementia and underlying this procedure is the assumption that the number of pronunciation errors reflects past learning capability or intelligence.

Memory and Amnesia
It is quite difficult to make a clear distinction between psychological and neuropsychological approaches to memory. On one hand, many psychological concepts about memory have drawn on anecdotal observations of memory impairment in brain-damaged individuals, while, on the other, CN and EN psychologists have adopted many of the ideas about the structure and processes of memory from psychological investigations. If there is a difference in emphasis, it is that psychological research into memory function has tended to focus more on the structure and integrity of memory in 'normal' individuals, whereas the neuropsychological approach has concentrated primarily on the effects of brain damage or injury on memory function.
Language
Disturbances in language function are a frequent consequence of the 'dementing' process. Other language disorders include diseases like Aphasia which is commonly associated with the progression of Alzheimer's disease, but is also reported in patients with other degenerative conditions. Most comprehensive neuropsychological examinations of patients with dementing conditions involve some tests of the integrity of communication functions. Therefore it is clear that CN and EN are interlinked with each other ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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