Tackling health inequalities is very important because first and foremost, health inequalities are preventable and are basically unfair. Thus, the whole of Government is doing its best to narrow down the health gap between underprivileged groups, communities and the rest of the country, as well as improving health overall (Introduction to health inequalities, 2005)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
This document lays the foundation for achieving the Public Service Agreement (PSA) target to reduce inequalities in health outcomes by 10 per cent by 2010, as measured by infant mortality and life expectancy at birth (Intro to health inequalities, 2005).
'Health inequalities' are the differences found in different aspects of health between different groups in society, the differences in health between those who are rich and poor in society. During the last twenty years, in general population terms, life expectancy and prosperity have increased and death rates from major diseases have fallen (Judge et al, 2002). Despite the government's commitment to tackle the problem, health inequalities in Britain continued to increase, according to new research from the University of Bristol, published in this week's BMJ. Inequalities in health widened in the 1980s and 1990s, and the current government has repeatedly expressed its intention to reduce these inequalities. In February 2001 it announced national targets to reduce the gap in infant mortality across social groups and to raise life expectancy in the most disadvantaged areas faster than elsewhere by 2010. But the new 10-year analysis by Dr Mary Shaw and colleagues in the Department of Social Medicine and the University of Sheffield shows that inequalities in life expectancy have continued to widen in the early years of the 21st century, alongside a general trend of widening inequalities in income and wealth. (Health inequalities continue to widen, 2005). This health gap between different socio-economic groups exists virtually irrespective of the type of health indicator and socio-economic measures chosen for comparison and analysis. Furthermore, those who benefit most from social, fiscal and health advances are usually not those who are in greatest need. Inequalities in health are observed for a wide range of health outcomes. They are found in self-reported health measures, objective measures such as death and illness and in access to services. They are also evident across the lifespan throughout childhood, adulthood and old age (Judge et al, 2002). Broadly speaking, there are three types of inequality in health (Wider determinants, 2005):
1. Inequality in access to health care (for example, refugees in London often have
difficulty in obtaining primary health care).
2. Inequalities in health/health outcomes (for example, there are six years' difference in
average life expectancy at birth between the boroughs in London).
3. Inequalities in the determinants of health (for example, in education, employment or
Life expectancy continues to rise in the most advantaged areas of the country at a faster pace than in the poorest areas. Amongst men, for example, the difference between the local authority with the lowest life expectancy (Glasgow City) and the one with the highest (East Dorset) has risen to 11 years. Income inequalities also rose markedly in the 1980s and have been sustained throughout the 1990s and into the 2000s, although encouragingly a fall in income inequalities in the most recent time period can be seen. However, income inequalities are such that the poorest 10% in society now receive 3% of the nation's total income, whereas the richest 10% receive
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Health Inequalities Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1516845-health-inequalities-essay
(Health Inequalities Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“Health Inequalities Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1516845-health-inequalities-essay.
The health divide has amplified by 4% with men and by 11% with women. Not mainly evident amongst groups of diverse socio-economic classes, health inequalities subsist amid people of different genders, ethnic communities, geographical areas, the elderly, and those individuals with less cognitive and physical functions (“Health Inequalities: A Third Report of Session 2008-09” par.
In different parts of the world, different health issues are seen, and majority of the health issues are highly relative in terms of impact. For the highly developed countries, chronic problems like hypertension, obesity, and diabetes are common; but for the developing states, majority of their health issues seem to revolve around infectious diseases, malnutrition, and vector-related illnesses.
Name:xxxxxxxxxxxx Professor:xxxxxxxxxx Institution:xxxxxxxxxx Course:xxxxxxxxxxxxx Date:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Introduction Health inequalities are avertible and unfair variances in health position experienced by definite population sets. Health inequalities are not solitary obvious amid persons of diverse socio-economic groups; they happen between sexes and diverse indigenous groups.
From this research, it is clear that there is a great deal of evidence to show that social inequality is strongly linked to health inequalities. The researcher strongly supports Marmot's recommendation on measures that need implementation in order to stop health inequalities. These hindrances or inequality should be addressed and acted upon in a fast pace with all means possible.
Health inequality is more rampant between individuals from financially poor backgrounds, as there are no adequate resources to treat them and when they are present, they are prohibitively expensive for them. This essay will discuss the social determinants of health and how the cause inequalities, providing points for and against the proposition that health inequality are as a result of social inequalities.
In western cultures, the biomedical method determines the presence of an illness; the body and mind are completely different. This paper will discuss the similarities and differences between the biomedical and social models of health and give a deeper insight into their key components.
The over all performance of the population on health index has seen remarkable improvement. Life expectancy level has been improved to the level of one of the best in the world and the dreaded diseases have almost vanished with pro active and preventive approach of the government as well as the society.
It is the ultimate epitome of love, since it was built in the memory of love!
The monument is located in Agra, near the capital city of New Delhi, India. The picture depicts the beautiful monument and its reflection in the river Yamuna, on the banks of which it is located.
Conversely, Russian and Italian are not friendly as compared to the Chinese. As group of Chinese stream into the Spooky church steadily there a lot of amazement on the faces. They are guided inside the church and they are mainly concern on the hand hanging on