We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Mental disorder - Article Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder of the brain that causes unusual shifts in a person's mood. It also affects the person's energy and ability to function. Bipolar disorder used to be referred to a manic depression because of the high state (mania) and the low state (depression) that the person alternately experienced…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
Mental disorder

Download file to see previous pages... Because the disorder has two distinct phases- the high and the low- there are distinct sets of symptoms for each phase. The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that about 5.7 million American adults or about 2.6 percent of the population age 18 and older have bipolar disorder. They list the following symptoms. The mania or high phase is described as a high energy phase with symptoms which include a euphoric mood or extreme irritability, activity and restlessness; excessively "high' or euphoric mood; racing thoughts with distractibility, poor judgment; they can go for more than twenty four hours without sleep; unrealistic beliefs in one's powers; increased sex drive; aggressive behaviour. Reckless behaviour, for example excessive spending sprees, has been noted in this phase. People have been reported to have bought very expensive cars and then destroyed them in joy rides without being aware of their behaviour and the consequences of such behaviour. There have also been reports of extreme violence resulting in serious physical harm, sometimes even fatal, by people in a depressive phase. This phase is usually accompanied by abuse of drugs such as alcohol or cocaine. Their behaviour is generally very different from their usual behaviour, yet they are not able to determine that anything is wrong.
The depressive or low phase is characterized mainly by a lasting sad or empty mood. In contrast to the manic phase energy is decreased with a feeling of fatigue. Other symptoms include feelings of hopelessness, pessimism, guilt, worthlessness or helplessness; loss of interest or pleasure in activities, difficulty concentrating and remembering; change in sleep and eating patterns; suicidal thoughts. The person can suffer from chronic body pain for which there seems to be no obvious cause. Thoughts of death or suicide and even attempts at suicide characterize this phase. In some instances psychosis can accompany the severe mania or depressive phases. The psychotic symptoms include hallucinations or delusions. The psychosis can sometimes be confused with schizophrenia.
Although the mania and depression alternate in phases, in some people they may occur together and cause a mixed state which includes a combination of the symptoms resulting in agitation together with trouble sleeping. Another combination is that the person may feel very sad and hopeless while at the same time feel extremely energized.
The causes of bipolar disorder are not yet clear. Research is on-going to determine the exact cause. However it is thought that there is no one factor that causes bipolar disorder but several factors acting together to produce the end result. A genetic component is suggested as bipolar disorder seems to run in families. But twin studies have not confirmed a single gene as responsible. Since when one twin has the disorder it is not always the case that the other twin will also have it. But, the research so far shows that the other twin is more likely to have it than another sibling. It may be a number of genes acting together and affected by the environment. New brain imaging techniques such as PRT and MRI scans show a difference in the brains of people with bipolar disorder, but the information is not sufficient enough yet to clearly identify the differences in the brains and the exact location in the brain that may house the cause of bipolar disorde ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Explore the relationships between nursing, health, and the policy processes
It deals with the case of bipolar disorder which is a mental illness disorder. Bipolar disorder, also referred to as manic depression (Lyness, 2011), is a mental disorder that leads to changes in a person’s moods, ability to work or undertake numerous activities as well as shifts in energy (Goodwin & Sachs, 2010).
3 Pages(750 words)Article
BIPOLAR DISORDER OUTLINE
A person with the disorder experiences bouts of mood elevation (mania and/or hypomania) and major depressive episodes. Sometimes these episodes are mixed in that the symptoms of both mania and depression are experienced in the same episode. Patients may also have psychotic symptoms while being manic or depressed.
3 Pages(750 words)Article
Bipolar Disorder
Other common symptoms are irritability, mood swings, anger, suicidal thoughts and a sense of hopelessness (National Institute of Mental Health, 2012). Therefore, this discourse aims at discussing in length about the current mental health among the Americans, bipolar disorder, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, mitigation strategies and treatment.
12 Pages(3000 words)Article
Bipolar Disorder
According to research, one of the basic pointers of bipolar disorder is as a genetic condition, where the patient almost always has a history of bipolar in the family. For example, according to Chung (2007), the case study presented involved a history of manic depression in the family.
4 Pages(1000 words)Article
The Age of Depression
The authors claim that increasing number of 'depressed' people in the USA is explained by new diagnosis and new symptoms regarded as 'depression'. According to statistical results, depression 'afflicts' more than 10% of the American population each year (Horwitz & Wakefield 2005, p.
3 Pages(750 words)Article
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects around 1 in every 100 people. It affects men and women equally and seems to be more common in city areas and in some minority ethnic groups. It is rare before the age of 15, but can start at any time after this,
2 Pages(500 words)Article
Criminal Research Assignment Unit-5
In addition, in order to get access to their histories and other records, we might need to use phone interviews to communicate with various authorities that have this information (Concannon et al, 2008). The following questions were formulated for the investigative
1 Pages(250 words)Article
DEPRESSION
Sometimes, circumstances seem to recede away; here germinates the feeling of despair, anguish, hopelessness and distress causing depression, which require immediate attention to prevent devastating consequences (“Depression”). In medical terms,
3 Pages(750 words)Article
PPDB1Kan I qabu san
I live in the Baltimore city of Maryland. One of my goals in this course is to acquire an ample understanding the politics and policy making aspects of nursing and how the two aspects affect and relate to the nursing
2 Pages(500 words)Article
Bipolar Disorder
Empirical evidence suggests an association of BD and altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. A study by Colasanti, Owen, and Grozeva, et al. (2013) investigates this association further by looking at the
1 Pages(250 words)Article
Let us find you another Article on topic Mental disorder for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us