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Medical Model and Social Model of Health - Essay Example

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The writer of this paper aims to Compare and Contrast Medical Model with Social Model of Health. The medical model of health gazes at person’s physical functioning and describes bad health and illness as the presence of disease and ill symptoms…
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Medical Model and Social Model of Health
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"Medical Model and Social Model of Health"

Download file to see previous pages Health is conventionally equated to the lack of disease. Absence of a primary pathology was a notion to define one's health as superior, whereas biologically driven pathogens and conditions would render an individual with poor health and the label "diseased". On the other hand, such a slim range on health limited our indulgence of wellbeing, thwarted our treatments efforts, and perhaps more importantly, suppressed preventive measures (The Bio-psychosocial model of Health and Illness).It is apparent that many institutions and medical physicians have handled to integrate a holistic view of health in sound medical application, primarily based on the Bio-psychosocial (BPS) Model of Health and Illness. The impression of well being is predominantly stressed, where the state of being in good health is based on the bio-psychosocial model is escorted by high-quality of life and strong relationships (The Bio-psychosocial model of Health and Illness).American Psychiatrist George Engel (1977) launched the major theory in medicine, the BPS Model. The model explains biological, psychological, and sociological interconnected gamut, each as systems of the body. In fact, the model accompanied a dramatic shift in focus from disease to health, recognizing that psychosocial factors (e.g. beliefs, relationships, stress) greatly impact recovery the progression of and recuperation from illness and disease (Marshall).In the present scenario, persons are thriving with diseases which were dreaded in the past. It is observed that health and wellness is a broader forum and therefore physicians are often accepting the bio-psychosocial structure in their clinical practice (The Bio-psychosocial model of Health and Illness).
Medical model It is the term cited by psychiatrist Ronald D. Laing in his The Politics of the Family and Other Essays (1971), for the "set of procedures in which all doctors are trained." It encompasses complaint, history, physical examination, ancillary tests if needed, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis with and without treatment. The medical model is an approach to pathology that aims to find medical treatments for diagnosed symptoms and syndromes and treats the human body as a very complex mechanism (The medical model is dead - long live the medical model).

(Medical model vs. Social model)
The medical model drives research and theorizing about physical or psychological difficulties on the basis of causation and remediation (Medical model vs. Social model).
Medical model is based on assessments of impairments from a deficit point of view against normality: what one cannot do, instead of what one can do. This has been called 'medical model' (or 'individual model'). It is manifested and proved that medical science is playing the imperative role in keeping many disabled people alive, and reducing their pain and discomfort (Medical model vs. Social model).
The 'medical model' perceives disabled people as the problem and follows specific investigation to root out the disease. The medical model emphasize on reliance, supported by the stereotypes of disability that bring out pity, fear and patronizing attitudes. The main focus is on the impairment or the disease and the patient is in the hands of physician (Medical model vs. Social model). Medical model encompasses medical thinking viz. child is faulty in case of mental illness, followed by diagnosis, labeling, focus is on impairment, assessment and monitoring programs of therapy imposed, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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