StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Pain Management - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The International Association for the study of pain defines pain as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual and potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage, or both"(Cole, 2002). The degree of post operative pain depends on the site of the surgery…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.3% of users find it useful
Pain Management Assignment
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Pain Management"

Download file to see previous pages These problems are unpleasant for the patient and may prolong hospital stay. The standard method of treating postoperative pain is the use of intramuscular opioid (usually morphine). Recently, Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) has often been shown to be better than the intermittent delivery of intramuscular opioids. Patient-controlled analgesia is a process where the patients can determine the pain relief process. It is an evidence based medical practice that works by providing a safe framework in which medical professionals and patients can make tough decisions by safe guarding their concerns by a fair and scientifically sound process together.
A review of literature gives us insight on the need for evidence-based practice in pain management. A recent research to compare outcomes during conventional analgesia in the form of intramuscular dosing and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) in postoperative patients by analyzing data from published comparative trials the meta-analyses of 15 randomized control trials with seven hundred eighty-seven adult patients aged between 16 to 65 undergoing various operative procedures gave the following results. Data on analgesic efficacy, analgesic use, patient satisfaction, length of hospital stay, and side effects were recorded. Meta-analyses of the data showed greater analgesic efficacy when PCA was used, with a mean additional benefit of 5.6 on a scale of 0 to 100 and a 42% difference in the proportion of patients expressing satisfaction over PCA.No significant differences were observed in the occurrence of any side effect. This leads us to the conclusion that Patient preference strongly favors PCA over conventional analgesia with better pain relief than those using conventional analgesia, without an increase in side effects (Ballantyne JC, et.al, 1993).
In a double-blinded, randomized controlled trial Mark Reeves et.al have tested if the addition of ketamine to morphine for patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) resulted in improved analgesic efficacy and lower pain scores compared with morphine PCA alone after a major abdominal surgery. In the study seventy-one patients were allocated to receive morphine 1 mg/mL or morphine 1 mg/mL plus ketamine 1 mg/mL delivered via PCA after surgery. No other analgesics or regional blocks were permitted during the 48-h study period. Study results proved that small-dose ketamine combined with PCA morphine provides no benefit to patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. This study shows the efficiency of morphine in PCA and the increased side effects of. Ketamine. (Mark Reeves et.al, 2001).
Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with intravenous morphine and patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA), using an opioid either alone or in combination with a local anesthetic, have been two major advances in the management of pain after a major surgery. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Pain Management Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Pain Management Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1504703-pain-management-assignment
(Pain Management Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Pain Management Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1504703-pain-management-assignment.
“Pain Management Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1504703-pain-management-assignment.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Pain Management Assignment

Recent Patterns of Change in the Management of the Employment Relationship in the UK

In this context, it should be mentioned that Schuler et al. (1998, 159) there are a few issues that need to be taken into consideration when formulating the human resource strategy of a particular organizational environment: ‘a) the business structure, b) the legislative and employment relationship context, c) the patterns of HRM competence and decision-making and d) the national culture’. The above views are supported by Gooderham et al. (1999, 507) who stated that ‘despite their very different assumptions, both rational and institutional explanations of organizational structure and management practices predict similarity among firms that operate in the same industry within the context of a simple country’...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Cross Culture Management

However, the evaluation of the cultural variations between America and Japan exposes fundamental variations, in terms of capitalism (man for himself culture) and the collectivism aspect in Japan. Bond, M. (1989). The industrial trends and Toyota business rivals have indicated that Toyota’s exponential growth has not been hampered by its major competitors like; GM, Ford, and Chrysler. Toyota employs a geographic-area universal infrastructure that is decentralized. Their business metamorphosis has therefore shifted drifted from profits to market share where they have labored so much effort on product quality, client satisfaction and efficacy of the product. These attributes have been viewed as some of the company’s stren...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Impression Management

This attitude is not without adequate preparation. It is generally backed by a good deal of study of the issue under discussion and preparation for the presentation style. The purpose is to impress. The reasons for individuals adopting impression management techniques are for personal gain or with a view to carrying conviction for a set course of action or for even a genuine aim of helping someone. Whatever may be the reasons, the impact of the technique of impression management on board room discussions and therefore on corporate governance issues can not be underestimated. Decisions in the board room become corporate policies and hence impact the performance of the organization. To ensure that impression management tactics do no...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Music Piracy and Digital Rights Management

But the flaws inherent in the DRM system, which is large as a result of the Information Technology industry’s lack of foresight and rigorous testing of the new business model, has been drawing concerns from commentators right from its inception. For example, Robin Gear, a reputed technology analyst associated with PA Consulting expressed the following words of caution at a very stage of the technology’s application:
“If you have documents going around for the boards' eyes only, you can encapsulate data in that way. You can set up lists of people who have the right to view, modify, forward, and copy, etc. One thing perimeter security does well is that it keeps outsiders from getting in and getting information...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Accounting & Financial Management

AWB’s operations can be categorized into areas ranging from ‘pool management services’ to ‘harvest financing’, and ‘International commodity management’. Only a company with such a big range of activities and financial outlays can become the benchmark for an equally big company like ‘Woolworth Limited’.

The performance of an entity can be better analyzed through its profitability analyses. The profitability ratios like Gross Profit ratio, Net Profit Margins, Return on assets (ROA), and Return on Equity (ROE). The calculations of such ratios are shown in the attached annexure. The Gross Profit ratio measures the percentage of each pound or dollar of sales remaining aft...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Self-awareness and Career Management

The practical implications are for more progressive career learning, in conditions that enable the due process to establish viable bases for both choice and change of mind. This thinking more sharply differentiates career education from guidance, setting out a strong rationale for the former. It does not replace DOTS but extends it into a new-DOTS re-conceptualization termed career-learning space. The effectiveness of career learning is determined by its transferable outcomes. New-DOTS thinking resonates with the conditions for transferable learning. There are possibilities here for building a strong consensus between practice, theory, and policy.
It helps us in exploring our strengths and can identify the areas we really wan...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Management Information System

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the revolution began in knowledge and information then accelerated gradually thereafter. It became now the foundation for many new services and products wherein 1974 applications pushed the limits of human ability. As an information system, research advanced so did user expectations. And the question raised is how individuals, the organization can adjust in order to leverage the delivery of information technology.

The infrastructure of the information technology (IT) affords the base for an organization to construct its information system needed to complete the work and provide the employee with all the necessary information. However, management decisions regarding IT are very...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Total Quality Management

The premise of Total Quality Management was laid out by Deming as fourteen principles, which emphasize the importance of quality and a focus upon the customer in internal operations. (Anonymous, 2006). Deming’s approach requires that continuous improvements take place with the training of employees so that it results in the reduction of costs and thus helps an organization compete more effectively in the marketplace. This approach also calls for increased levels of innovation, diffusion, and adoption in management (Ehigie and McAndrew, 2005). It is the innovation that helps an organization to gain a competitive edge over its rivals in the marketplace by developing new ideas but the process of diffusion helps to ensure that t...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

International Management Behaviour

Researchers and scholars have put forward the theories that indicate the significance of developing a relationship between organizational personnel in the host country and the expatriates since it helps them in gaining necessary knowledge about their new socio-cultural and business environments2. The organizational ‘insiders’ of the host country which comprises of staff members, employees, supervisors, and co-workers, act as reservoirs of information which is important for the newcomers to learn and understand in order to work effectively and efficiently in their new environments3. As an outsider, the pressure of working on an international assignment in a completely unfamiliar environment causes significant stress and...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

People, Organisations and Management

Organizations and their management styles have evolved to a great extent in the service and manufacturing industry over the last century, and so have been the concepts of management and its functions. These evolutions can be traced to significant developments brought about by the industrial revolution, scientific management principles such as Taylorism and Fordism, transition of feudalistic to capitalistic approach and others in different sectors of manufacturing industries. However, the beginning of the industrial revolution was characterized by a rigid hierarchical bureaucratic way of organizing business enterprises, a style prevalent even today but only in military service organizations. Nevertheless, the manufacturing and busi...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Pain Management Assignment for FREE!

Contact Us