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Epidemiological report- tuberculosis in Leeds uk and it associated risk factors immigration ethnicity and deprivation - Essay Example

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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL REPORT ON TUBERCULOSIS IN LEEDS UK Student Tutor name: Date due: Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Abstract 3 Introduction 3 Tuberculosis latent and active 4 Response and treatment 4 Risk factors 5 Overview of the epidemiological situation 6 Health protection and health improvement solutions 7 Results- Summary of clinical findings 8 Discussion 9 Recommendations 10 Conclusion 11 Bibliography 13 Abstract Tuberculosis lingers as a significant public health threat in Leeds west, Yorkshire…
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Epidemiological report- tuberculosis in Leeds uk and it associated risk factors immigration ethnicity and deprivation
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Download file to see previous pages The rising prevalence of tuberculosis in Leeds west, Yorkshire, UK in the last decade has been mainly due to the high tuberculosis rates among ethnic minority groups. The epidemiology of the ethnic minority groups has not well been understood. From the research conducted, there is a connection between tuberculosis and poverty in ethnic minority groups residing in Leeds west, Yorkshire. In the last decade, tuberculosis cases have progressively increased among the ethnic minority groups who come from places where tuberculosis is widespread. It is evident that many efforts have to be implemented on primary and secondary care, in order to control and maintain the spread of tuberculosis. Introduction This report aspires to give a general idea of the situation of tuberculosis in Leeds west Yorkshire, UK. Data obtained is based on tuberculosis respiratory latent and active, as well as the health issues associated with this communicable disease. This analysis is grounded on data collected from various studies, scientific reports, and publications related to the epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in the specific geographical location (Leeds west, Yorkshire, UK). Tuberculosis persists as an important public health issue in the United Kingdom despite control of this disease being made a priority at government level. Studies on the disease epidemiology have been conducted service provision was produced with proposals for future planning, yet despite these efforts, Leeds west, Yorkshire continues to have a high incidence of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a respiratory tract infection brought about by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a thin, large, slow growing bacilli. This bacterium contains a cell wall prepared of a waxy material called mycolic acid, which facilitates the cell less permeable. This infection affects the lungs mostly; other organs may also be affected. Tuberculosis is an airborne disease spread when an individual with active pathogens coughs or sneezes and sprays the bacteria into the air. Typical symptoms of tuberculosis include, weight loss, loss of appetite, fever, fatigue, and a persistent cough lasting for more than three weeks with the production of bloody sputum. Tuberculosis latent and active There are two states of Tuberculosis, latent TB infection and active TB disease. According to statistics, not everyone who inhales the pathogens develops active tuberculosis condition; this is due to the immunity status. Roughly, 10% of the infected individuals develop active diseases in their lifespan. Latent tuberculosis occurs when the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis is inhaled, but the body stops the bacteria from growing. As a substitute, the bacterium stays in the body as a latent tuberculosis infection; which cannot be spread to other people. Active tuberculosis is present in an infected person in situations whereby the body’s resistance is low or if the individual is exposed to the pathogens for a prolonged period, defeating the immune system. Active tuberculosis response leads to inflammation that can damage the lungs (Warrell; et al 2003: 570). Response and treatment Chest x-ray, Mantoux test, and blood ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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