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Research Ppaer - Essay Example

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This is a masters level health research paper critiquing the peer review and the medical imp, actions involved of the topic string medical evidence to dispute or agree with the article.I a, requesting th a writer with a health and medical background write this as this does not have clear examples of why exactly the peer review is correct or incorrect with specific medical examples on the topic written about Research paper Introduction Scientific research papers follow defined procedures and have specific elements in their documentations…
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Download file to see previous pages These elements and processes further determine validity and reliability of a research paper and are subject to review. This paper reviews the research paper, ‘Low-dose aspirin for preventing recurrent venous thromboembolism,’ authored by Brighton et al. and published in The New England Journal of Medicine’s November 2012 publication. The study investigated effects of low dose aspirin on recurrence of venous thromboembolism among patients with first episode of unprovoked venous thromboembolism and following exposure to first anticoagulant treatment. The study applied experimental design with 822 patients with a random sampling strategy. Recurrence occurred among 73 patients out of 422 of controlled group and 57 patients out of 422 of the treatment group. Aspirin also reduced secondary complications but the study identified lack of significant difference in bleeding instances (Brighton et al. 1979- 1987). Critique of the literature review The authors do not clearly articulate the study’s problem from literature review because the review fails to identify consistent knowledge gap to the problem. They fail to explore existing knowledge on the relationship between aspirin use and recurrence of venous thromboembolism in a comprehensive way that can justify the need for further research. The literature review also fails to identify and communicate a theoretical framework from which the study can be based. Its citation is however adequate as it identifies numerous sources that are consistent with the study’s core theme. Only a few of the cited sources are current, seven out of 22 having been published within five years from the article’s year of publication, a factors that discredits validity and reliability of developed background information from the literature review. This is because of possible effects of historical development on the study’s variables prior to the study. Selection of applied sources in the literature review is appropriately but the author’s position appear biased to effectiveness of aspirin on venous thromboembolism and the authors do not state any research question or hypothesis (Brighton et al. 1980). Critique of the methods Description of the research participants is adequate with extensive inclusion criteria such as age, sex, type of venous thromboembolism among other factors. Applied sampling approach, the probability based random sampling, is however weak in generating a representative sample but it is unbiased. Consideration of the selected sample size identifies lack of support for statistical power and offers a threat to the study’s reliability. In addition to the weaknesses, the authors do not provide for ethical approval from a review body and offers no measures for protecting research participants. Research procedures are not well defined to guide replication and validity and reliability of the study’s data collection strategy is not discussed. The researcher’s role is however defined by mere delimitation of the role of the involved healthcare facility in the study (Brighton et al. 1980). Critique of results The results sections offers a sufficient description of patients through their demographic factors and care based conditions such as age, sex, mass ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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