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Infection control:nosocomial infections - Essay Example

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Nosocomial infections or hospital-acquired infections (HAI’s) are health risks that can affect patients within healthcare facilities or organizations, represented by examples such as catheter-associated urinary tract infections, surgical site infections (SSI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia …
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Infection control:nosocomial infections
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Download file to see previous pages Nosocomial infections or hospital-acquired infections (HAI’s) are health risks that can affect patients within healthcare facilities or organizations, represented by examples such as catheter-associated urinary tract infections, surgical site infections (SSI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). As medical community members interacting frequently with different patients at any given time, nurses have a major role in the reduction and prevention of these infections and keeping the patients’ wellness by following aseptic protocols in personal hygiene and providing care to various patients, proactively participating with other healthcare personnel in such efforts, as well as educating every patient with aseptic techniques not just to prevent them from infecting others but also to avoid getting infected as well. Infection Control: Nosocomial Infections Many microbiologists were able to discover the route of disease infections since the late 19th century, and the knowledge that they were able to gather based on how bacteria and other pathogens are spread as well as in preventing these agents from becoming transmitted to others is now known to be the practical but important field in medicine as infection control. However, even when the modernization of medicine has been possible during the last century, there are still numerous infections happening worldwide, with the most significant and lethal ones occurring within the hospital settings. These infections are called nosocomial infections, also known as hospital-acquired infections or HAI’s and patients as well as hospital workers can get affected, but with greater risks to the patients (Doran, 2011). Such kind of infections happening in hospitals or health care settings often happen when there is a pathogenic contamination during procedures that bypass the normal defenses of patients by cutting through the skin such as in surgical or operative procedures, and in the insertion of foreign materials into the body such as catheters and artificial ventilations. Other ways by which such infections could become transmitted to patients are when health care workers such as nurses or aides constantly interact with different kinds of patients, and harboring some pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi along the way (Headly, 2012). In any kind of situation, the transmission of HAI’s among various patients can pose significant health risks, especially among those with weaker immune systems, which brings up the importance of the prevention of HAI’s from spreading within hospitals and beyond. In this light, nurses have a major role in the prevention of such infections from happening by performing aseptic techniques when interacting with each of their patients, collaborating with other healthcare workers in preventing the spread of diseases, as well as educating the patients and their families in the importance of disease prevention and contracting infections within and outside the hospital settings (Vandjick, et al., 2010). By being proactive in breaking the chain of infection among patients and hospital personnel, nurses could not only give better care among patients but also keep their wellness by keeping them comfortable and their bodies healthy as well as continually recovering without having to suffer additional diseases before and after leaving the health care facility. Nosocomial Infection Research The increase in the interest on nosocomial infections or HAI’s was borne out of the increasing incidences of antibiotics having no effect on some bacteria found within hospital settings such as methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA) and Clostridium difficile, among others (Headly, 2012; Upshaw-Owens & Bailey, 2012). Infection control programs were initiated to effectively-reduce the onset of HAI’s, and precautionary measures such as wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) which include the use of disposable items like gloves, goggles, and face masks were integrated into these ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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