Nobody downloaded yet

Cross-Cultural Comparison - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Cross cultural comparison Customer inserts his/her name Institution’s name Research by Hofstede (1980, 1991, and 2001) identifies key dimensions including masculinity, power distance beliefs, uncertainty avoidance and long term orientation, that account for variation between the Eastern and Western cultural behavior…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cross-Cultural Comparison"

Download file to see previous pages High-context cultures must be separated from low-context cultures. The former refers to cultures such as those of South Korea and Taiwan where verbal communication takes a backseat and non-verbal communication conveys significant meaning (Bovee, Thill, & Chaturvedi, 2008). The latter refers to the opposite and includes cultures such as those of U.S.A and Germany (Bovee, Thill, & Chaturvedi, 2008). In low context cultures it becomes imperative for managers to be result and career-oriented whereas, in high context cultures emphasis is on building and maintaining relationships (Nisbett, 2003). Thus, negotiations and trust-building are important exercises for managers as far as high-context cultures, such as China, are concerned. Sometimes, social differences are also worth noting. For example, when Wal-Mart decided to expand its operations in Germany, the store personnel in Germany protested the company’s requirement of always putting up a smiling face to customers simply because it meant ‘flirting’ in their local context (Bovee, Thill, & Chaturvedi, 2008). Non-verbal cues are also interpreted in surprisingly different ways. For example, managers in the U.S. may shake hands as a welcome gesture, whereas in Japan a slight bowing of the head is the norm (Bovee, Thill, & Chaturvedi, 2008). ...
As mentioned earlier, trust is an essential component for the Chinese that governs their personal as well as professional dealings. Therefore, it is not surprising that, for the Chinese, the professional arena is largely overlapped by personal aspects. Trust (known as “Guanxi” in the Chinese context) and strong personal contacts guarantee strong business dealings as well. Direct eye-to-eye contact is not encouraged and shaking of hands may not be taken as favorable (Graham & Lam, 2003). The Chinese are wary of those who fast communicators who make rush decisions. Therefore, at all times during the communication process, patience and perseverance must be demonstrated. Saving face is another aspect of the Chinese culture. Hence, the Chinese avoid the usage of the word “no” (Fang, 2006). Furthermore, the Chinese managers are usually skeptical about the typical Western philosophy of backing every argument by legal evidence. Law is therefore, often looked upon as a coercive, impersonal way of dealing by the Chinese (Fang, 2006). The human behavior of Chinese is reflected in their verbal and non-verbal body language. Their communication style is best understood in the light of their traditional, Confucian culture. Although, the Chinese culture has significantly evolved, it still has its roots in the Confucian philosophy. Thus, by comparing the old and new cultural behaviors it becomes evident that a new, hybrid culture is in the making. Traditionally belonging to a high-context culture, the Chinese are passive and engage in more non-verbal communication than active verbal communication. Implicit messages, therefore, constitute a large part of the Chinese human behavior. The ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Cross-Cultural Comparison Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Cross-Cultural Comparison Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from
(Cross-Cultural Comparison Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Cross-Cultural Comparison Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words.
“Cross-Cultural Comparison Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cross-Cultural Comparison

Cross-Cultural Management

...? Cross-cultural management One of greatest challenges for international leaders is motivating employees from different cultures. Motivation is the willingness of employees to exert efforts towards achievement of objectives of the organization. The management practices at EZ-ABC are authoritative and do not motivate employees towards achievement of the organizational goals. The national culture of Korea is characterized by high power differences and high uncertainty avoidance. Korean culture is masculine and values collectivism unlike Canadian culture which appreciates individualism and autonomy in work. ....
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Singaporean Humor: A Cross-Cultural, Cross-Gender Comparison

...?Singaporean humour: A Cross-Cultural, Cross-Gender Comparison Summary of Reading In their joint venture en d; Singaporean humour: A Cross-Cultural, Cross-Gender Comparison, Ofra Nevo et al. describe the topic, ‘the universality of humour behavior and cultural, gender variations in the content and use of humour.’ Authors begin their work with a brief introduction about humour. Humour is a human phenomenon and various techniques and methods like exaggeration, disguise, understate, deception, invective, unexpected twist of logic and verbal irony are common in producing humour. Eventhough,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cross Cultural Management

...?Cross Cultural Management Introduction: In the global scenario, cross cultural management is a to discuss world wide. Because, people from different countries have different culture. So, Spain and Poland are having different cultural background. People’s behavior, attitude, activities, believes etc are may different. Their way of expression, personality and appearance may different. One country’s citizen may meet, interact or deal with person from another cultural background and that is called cross cultural management. Here, the paper is going to compare the cultural...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Cross Cultural Managemant

...?Cross cultural management: A report Considering the significance of understanding the impact of culture on management and business, this report presents an elaborate review of cultural dimensions proposed by various researchers. For this purpose, Egypt has been chosen as the object of study. An analysis of Egyptian culture from various cultural dimensions put forth by Hofstede, Trompenaars, Hall, House et al and Steers et al has been performed with reference to other findings from literature. Based on findings from analyses, implications for managers, management and business have been explained before drawing conclusions and proposing...
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay

A cross cultural comparison into the significance of personal familiarity and respect within business arrangements in Romania and the United Kingdom

...?A cross cultural comparison into the significance of personal familiarity and respect within business arrangements in Romania and the United KingdomSTRUCTURAL ABSTRACT The secret of a successful economic development of any business lies in its expansion on international level. The globalization has created an acute need to expand the business internationally. The cultural factor is one of the most influential factors in the accomplishment of business aims. Culture is the sentimental factor of every country. The business manners and etiquettes vary in every culture. So it is very important to be familiar with the culture...
36 Pages(9000 words)Dissertation

Cross cultural

...? Cross cultural Management Introduction In simple terms, leadership is defined as the activity of leading a team of group of individuals. It involves establishment of clear visions and sharing those visions with team members so that they follow the vision in a willing manner. Leadership is also characterised by a management’s ability to make effective and sound decisions so that the company is always in a path of development and growth. The current research report investigates the interaction between elements such as leadership styles and national culture. In this empirical research, the leadership style of Indian, UK and US managers have been compared. The basic theory used in this research is Hofstede theory of culture... affinity to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Preferences for Friends and Close Relationships Partners

...SUMMARY OF THE ARTICLE The article under the “Preferences for Friends and Close Relationships Partners: A Cross-Cultural Comparison” has beenwritten by Goodwin & Tang. It reveals the very fact that researchers and psychologists have been interested for nearly five decades in discovering the characteristics individuals seek in lovers and friends as well. Buss has measured such attributes with reference to cross-cultural differences in his research in 1989. Bond has made his research on the subject by a comparative analysis of two different nations based on the questionnaire prepared by British and Chinese students identifying attributes both for lovers...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Cross cultural

...Cultural Profiles for Effective Workplace Communication Country/Nationality Statistics Continent: Uganda is located in Eastern Africa in the West of Kenya. The official name of Uganda is the Republic of Uganda. The capital of the country is Kampala. Population: The population of Uganda as estimated in July 2008 was 31,367,972. Fifty percent of the population is below fourteen years of age group. The age group of fifteen to sixty four years forms the 47.8% of the population. This is followed by 2.2 percent population which is 65 years or above. The population growth rate as estimated in 2008 was approx 3.6%. The death rate was high due to HIV/AIDS in this region. The death rate was 12.32 per thousand populations. Life...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Cross-cultural comparison

...Cross-Cultural Comparison The Ashanti The Ashanti are a small tribe that live in central Ghana, Africa. The Ashanti are well-known for placing a huge importance on the family unit. Children born in the Ashanti tribe are said to inherit their soul (or ntoro) from their father, and their flesh and blood from their mother (mogya), and they believe that this makes children more closely related to their mother. The Ashanti do not live in family units based on this typical mother, father, child scenario, but rather live together in extended family units. This family group live in several huts surrounding a central courtyard, and the head of the group is the eldest brother, elected by a council of elders (Fortes, 2008). Marriage is also... ....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cross Cultural

...outside and not much in the house holds. Mexicans family systems are much linked toward being hierarchal and the respect for elders amongst the top priority. People usually live with their parents for a longer time than in the U.S where urbanization has led to much more independence. Mexican culture in some occasions is much laid back, such as in parties, culturally people arrive 30-40 minutes late than expected arrival. When invited white roses or sweets are an appropriate, being excited over a gift while instantly opening it is also considered encouraging. Leaving things for later and gifts such as red roses are considered negative in the society. In comparison, Americans are much...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Cross-Cultural Comparison for FREE!

Contact Us