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The Higher Risk for Black and African American Populations for Stroke within Iowa - Research Paper Example

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Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States (Kochanek, Kirmeyer, Martin, Strobino, Guyer 2012). The rate of stroke in Iowa increased by 30% between the year 2000 and the year 2009 (Kochanek et al, 2012), suggesting that it is a significant public health problem. …
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The Higher Risk for Black and African American Populations for Stroke within Iowa
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Download file to see previous pages A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident, occurs when there is some kind of fault with the blood supply to the brain; either a burst blood vessel or a clot that disrupts the supply of oxygen to this vital organ (Public Health Leadership Society, 2002). Without oxygen, the brain cannot function to its normal capacity and therefore begins to fail, most commonly by impairing movement or speech in the affected individual (Public Health Leadership Society, 2002). Having a stroke is a serious medical emergency, and can lead to permanent neurological damage (that can be of significant economic cost, as well as emotional) or death (Turnock, 2012). This highlights the importance of providing adequate services and healthcare advice to those at risk of stroke, as well as advising otherwise healthy people on how to minimize their risk. There are a number of risk factors for stroke, which may be linked to the high incidence of stroke in the African American population of Iowa. Diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure are all important risk factors (Trust for America’s Health, 2009), and in turn are linked to obesity (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2011). As rates of obesity are higher for those of Black and Hispanic origin in Iowa, this could be linked to the higher prevalence of stroke (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2011)....
Department of Health & Human Services, 2011). The use of cigarettes and tobacco products is also a major risk factor for stroke (Kochanek et al, 2012), and the use of these products is 45% higher in black people than white, and 83% higher in black individuals than in Hispanics (Kochanek et al, 2012). Again, this suggests a major reason why the rate of stroke might be higher in African American populations. Epidemiology Data In 2009, there were 1627 deaths from stroke in Iowa, which equates to around one death every five hours from this cause (Kochanek et al, 2012). More women than men typically have strokes (Kochanek et al, 2012), although men under the age of 65 are more at risk than women in the same age group (Kochanek et al, 2012). This may be due to the higher prevalence of vascular disease in men within this age group (Kochanek et al, 2012). Overall, black men have a 66% higher risk of stroke than white men, with the rate being 76/100,000 as opposed to 46/100,000 (Kochanek et al, 2012). In African American women, the rate of stroke death is 59/100,000 as opposed to 43/100,000 in white women, a 39% difference (Kochanek et al, 2012). Stroke deaths were higher in 42 Iowan counties than the national goal, and 55 counties had a rate lower than the national goal (Kochanek et al, 2012). Unsurprisingly, those counties above the national goal rate had a larger population of African Americans residing there (Kochanek et al, 2012). Resources Available There are a number of resources available to help inform the Iowan population about the risk of stroke and to offer advice on the prevention of stroke. One important resource is the Iowa State Stroke Task Force (ISSTF), which is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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