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The Implications of Health in the Context of Health Promotion - Essay Example

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In health promotion, the World Health Organisation’s definition of health has become one of the most commonly used official interpretations of the term. The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the meaning of health in the context of health promotion. …
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The Implications of Health in the Context of Health Promotion
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Download file to see previous pages n the “capacity of groups or communities to act collectively to exert control over the determinants of health and achieve positive change” (HPA, 2009) in health outcomes. The concept of health is a disputed one, with different meanings for various people. Scott-Samuel and Springett (2007) argue that the popular conceptualisation of health is influenced by culture, socio-economic position, and life history. These factors are dynamically related to media and professional discourses, and with subjective definitions. Further, “the values underpinning the health promotion process are explicitly those of participation, enablement and empowerment, equity and social justice” (Scott-Samuel and Springett, 2007, p.212). Moreover, the target of health improvement is defined differently depending on the perspectives about health and its measurement. According to Scott-Samuel and Springett (2007), health promotion in England has been steadily disappearing from public health since 1997. This is true for the term ‘public health’ as well as the principles and the discipline it represents. Thus, the term ‘health promotion’ was substituted by the inadequately defined terms ‘health development’ and/ or ‘health improvement’. White and Wills (2010) add that results from the last survey of health promotion practice conducted in 2005, reveal that the specialised health promotion workforce was unevenly distributed and poorly supported. On the other hand, Scott-Samuel and Springett (2007) state that taking into consideration the significant increase in health-promoting policies and programmes in the last fifteen years, the decline in health promotion could signify a welcome mainstreaming of the process. However the authors’ findings from a detailed historical and...
This paper has critically examined the context of health in health promotion in England. The apparent decline of health promotion as a discipline in England, and its future prospects were discussed. Further, the importance promoting health equity, and the role of social conditions, human rights, and the empowerment of community in health equity promotion were determined. It is evident that health is an essential requirement, consisting of social as well as personal resources composed of physical, mental, spiritual, material and economic resources. Moreover, the fulfillment of basic human rights is also important. These components of health are essential for leading individually, socially, and economically productive lives.
The research evidence indicates that the role and relevance of health promotion can be enhanced by reinforcing community action, and creating supportive environments for health, promoted by soundly formulated public policy. This is reiterated by HPA, who add that health services are required to be reoriented towards health promotion. Thus, health promotion will include social, environmental and economic conditions, as well as the determinants related to individual health behaviours. Health promotion is a powerful strategy for social development, particularly in correcting inequalities in health among different sections of the population. It also embodies principles for implementing strategies to develop conditions for optimising the health of populations, and to promote the importance of making healthy choices. It is concluded that health promotion should include the multiple implications of health, and should support change and social justice. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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